3,413 research outputs found

    A Dynamical System with Q-deformed Phase Space Represented in Ordinary Variable Spaces

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    Dynamical systems associated with a q-deformed two dimensional phase space are studied as effective dynamical systems described by ordinary variables. In quantum theory, the momentum operator in such a deformed phase space becomes a difference operator instead of the differential operator. Then, using the path integral representation for such a dynamical system, we derive an effective short-time action, which contains interaction terms even for a free particle with q-deformed phase space. Analysis is also made on the eigenvalue problem for a particle with q-deformed phase space confined in a compact space. Under some boundary conditions of the compact space, there arises fairly different structures from q=1q=1 case in the energy spectrum of the particle and in the corresponding eigenspace .Comment: 17page, 2 figure

    Structure of air shower disc near the core

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    The longitudinal structure of the air shower disk is studied by measuring the arrival time distributions of air shower particles for showers with electron size in the range 3.2 x 10 to the 5.5. power to 3.2 x 10 to the 7.5 power in the Akeno air-shower array (930 gcm squared atmospheric depth). The average FWHM as a parameter of thickness of air shower disk increases with core distances at less than 50m. AT the present stage, dependence on electron size, zenith angle and air shower age is not apparent. The average thickness of the air shower disk within a core distance of 50m could be determined by an electromagnetic cascade starting from the lower altitude

    The properties of Kluyveromyces lactis for the production of D-arabitol from lactose

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    Production of D-arabitol from lactose by Kluyveromyces lactis NBRC 1903 was investigated to make a solution for utilization of whey. It turned out that initial concentration of yeast extract, working volume and initial cell mass concentration are important factors in D-arabitol production from lactose by this strain. It was indicated that higher aerobic condition was preferable for D-arabitol production from lactose by K. lactis. Highest D-arabitol concentration of 13.5 g L-1 was obtained at 96 h cultivation with 0.002 g L-1 of initial cell mass concentration, 40 g L-1 of initial yeast extract concentration and 2 mL of working volume.Key words: D-Arabitol, lactose, Kluyveromyces lactis, ethanol

    Relaxing Constraints on Inflation Models with Curvaton

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    We consider the effects of the curvaton, late-decaying scalar condensation, to observational constraints on inflation models. From current observations of cosmic density fluctuations, severe constraints on some class of inflation models are obtained, in particular, on the chaotic inflation with higher-power monomials, the natural inflation, and the new inflation. We study how the curvaton scenario changes (and relaxes) the constraints on these models.Comment: 18 pages, 6 figure

    Quantum mechanical virial theorem in systems with translational and rotational symmetry

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    Generalized virial theorem for quantum mechanical nonrelativistic and relativistic systems with translational and rotational symmetry is derived in the form of the commutator between the generator of dilations G and the Hamiltonian H. If the conditions of translational and rotational symmetry together with the additional conditions of the theorem are satisfied, the matrix elements of the commutator [G, H] are equal to zero on the subspace of the Hilbert space. Normalized simultaneous eigenvectors of the particular set of commuting operators which contains H, J^{2}, J_{z} and additional operators form an orthonormal basis in this subspace. It is expected that the theorem is relevant for a large number of quantum mechanical N-particle systems with translational and rotational symmetry.Comment: 24 pages, accepted for publication in International Journal of Theoretical Physic

    Search for long-lived massive particles in extensive air showers

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    Air showers containing delayed sub-showers which may be produced by a long-lived massive particle have been investigated by using twelve detectors. Ten events have been selected out as the candidates. However, a definite conclusion cannot be reached at the present time