221 research outputs found

    Correlation functions for time-dependent calculation of linear-response functions

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    We emphasize the importance of choosing an appropriate correlation function to reduce numerical errors in calculating the linear-response function as a Fourier transformation of a time-dependent correlation function. As an example we take dielectric functions of silicon crystal calculated with a time-dependent method proposed by Iitaka et al. [Phys. Rev. E 56, 1222 (1997)].Comment: to be published in Phys.Rev.E 01 Dec 1997, 2 pages, 4 figures, more information at http://espero.riken.go.jp

    Enhancement of entanglement transfer in a spin chain by phase shift-control

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    We study the effect of a phase shift on the amount of transferrable two-spin entanglement in a spin chain. We consider a ferromagnetic Heisenberg/XY spin chain, both numerically and analytically, and two mechanisms to generate a phase shift, the Aharonov-Casher effect and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. In both cases, the maximum attainable entanglement is shown to be significantly enhanced, suggesting its potential usefulness in quantum information processing.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures. v2: a fig added, the main text modified a bi

    Temperature dependence of ESR intensity for the nanoscale molecular magnet V15

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    The electron spin resonance (ESR) of nanoscale molecular magnet V15{\rm V}_{15} is studied. Since the Hamiltonian of V15{\rm V}_{15} has a large Hilbert space and numerical calculations of the ESR signal evaluating the Kubo formula with exact diagonalization method is difficult, we implement the formula with the help of the random vector technique and the Chebyshev polynominal expansion, which we name the double Chebyshev expansion method. We calculate the temperature dependence of the ESR intensity of V15{\rm V}_{15} and compare it with the data obtained in experiment. As another complementary approach, we also implement the Kubo formula with the subspace iteration method taking only important low-lying states into account. We study the ESR absorption curve below 100K100{\rm K} by means of both methods. We find that side peaks appear due to the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction and these peaks grows as temperature decreases.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures. To appear in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Supp

    Fast Algorithm for Finding the Eigenvalue Distribution of Very Large Matrices

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    A theoretical analysis is given of the equation of motion method, due to Alben et al., to compute the eigenvalue distribution (density of states) of very large matrices. The salient feature of this method is that for matrices of the kind encountered in quantum physics the memory and CPU requirements of this method scale linearly with the dimension of the matrix. We derive a rigorous estimate of the statistical error, supporting earlier observations that the computational efficiency of this approach increases with matrix size. We use this method and an imaginary-time version of it to compute the energy and the specific heat of three different, exactly solvable, spin-1/2 models and compare with the exact results to study the dependence of the statistical errors on sample and matrix size.Comment: 24 pages, 24 figure

    Finite-size Effects in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas with Rashba Spin-Orbit Interaction

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    Within the Kubo formalism, we estimate the spin-Hall conductivity in a two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba spin-orbit interaction and study its variation as a function of disorder strength and system size. The numerical algorithm employed in the calculation is based on the direct numerical integration of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation in a spin-dependent variant of the particle source method. We find that the spin-precession length, L_s controlled by the strength of the Rashba coupling, establishes the critical lengthscale that marks the significant reduction of the spin-Hall conductivity in bulk systems. In contrast, the electron mean free path, inversely proportional to the strength of disorder, appears to have only a minor effect.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Fast and stable method for simulating quantum electron dynamics

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    A fast and stable method is formulated to compute the time evolution of a wavefunction by numerically solving the time-dependent Schr{\"o}dinger equation. This method is a real space/real time evolution method implemented by several computational techniques such as Suzuki's exponential product, Cayley's form, the finite differential method and an operator named adhesive operator. This method conserves the norm of the wavefunction, manages periodic conditions and adaptive mesh refinement technique, and is suitable for vector- and parallel-type supercomputers. Applying this method to some simple electron dynamics, we confirmed the efficiency and accuracy of the method for simulating fast time-dependent quantum phenomena.Comment: 10 pages, 35 eps figure

    Algorithm for Linear Response Functions at Finite Temperatures: Application to ESR spectrum of s=1/2 Antiferromagnet Cu benzoate

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    We introduce an efficient and numerically stable method for calculating linear response functions χ(q,ω)\chi(\vec{q},\omega) of quantum systems at finite temperatures. The method is a combination of numerical solution of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation, random vector representation of trace, and Chebyshev polynomial expansion of Boltzmann operator. This method should be very useful for a wide range of strongly correlated quantum systems at finite temperatures. We present an application to the ESR spectrum of s=1/2 antiferromagnet Cu benzoate.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure
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