46,846 research outputs found

### Magnetic field induced 3D to 1D crossover in Sr0:9La0:1CuO2

The effect of the magnetic field on the critical behavior of Sr0:9La0:1CuO2
is explored in terms of reversible magnetization data. As the correlation
length transverse to the magnetic field Hi,applied along the i-axis, cannot
grow beyond the limiting magnetic length LHi, related to the average distance
between vortex lines, one expects a magnetic field induced finite size effect.
Invoking the scaling theory of critical phenomena we provide clear evidence for
this effect. It implies that in type II superconductors there is a 3D to 1D
crossover line Hpi(T). Consequently, below Tc and above Hpi(T) uperconductivity
is confined to cylinders with diameter LHi(1D). Accordingly, there is no
continuous phase transition in the (H,T)-plane along the Hc2-lines as predicted
by the mean-field treatment.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

### Evidence for charged critical behavior in the pyrochlore superconductor RbOs2O6

We analyze magnetic penetration depth data of the recently discovered
superconducting pyrochlore oxide RbOs2O6. Our results strongly suggest that in
RbOs2O6 charged critical fuctuations dominate the temperature dependence of the
magnetic penetration depth near Tc. This is in contrast to the mean-field
behavior observed in conventional superconductors and the uncharged critical
behavior found in nearly optimally doped cuprate superconductors. However, this
finding agrees with the theoretical predictions for charged criticality and the
charged criticality observed in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.59.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

### Pressure and isotope effect on the anisotropy of MgB$_{2}$

We analyze the data for the pressure and boron isotope effect on the
temperature dependence of the magnetization near $T_{c}$. Invoking the
universal scaling relation for the magnetization at fixed magnetic field it is
shown that the relative shift of $T_{c}$, induced by pressure or boron isotope
exchange, mirrors essentially that of the anisotropy. This uncovers a novel
generic property of anisotropic type II superconductors, inexistent in the
isotropic case. For MgB$_{2}$ it implies that the renormalization of the Fermi
surface topology due to pressure or isotope exchange is dominated by a
mechanism controlling the anisotropy.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

### Implications of the isotope effects on the magnetization, magnetic torque and susceptibility

We analyze the magnetization, magnetic torque and susceptibility data of
La2-xSrxCu(16,18)O4 and YBa2(63,65)CuO7-x near Tc in terms of the universal
3D-XY scaling relations. It is shown that the isotope effect on Tc mirrors that
on the anisotropy. Invoking the generic behavior of the anisotropy the doping
dependence of the isotope effects on the critical properties, including Tc,
correlation lengths and magnetic penetration depths are traced back to a change
of the mobile carrier concentration.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

### Electric field effect modulation of transition temperature, mobile carrier density and in-plane penetration depth in NdBa2Cu3O(7-delta) thin films

We explore the relationship between the critical temperature, T_c, the mobile
areal carrier density, n_2D, and the zero temperature magnetic in-plane
penetration depth, lambda_ab(0), in very thin underdoped NdBa2Cu3O{7-delta}
films near the superconductor to insulator transition using the electric field
effect technique. We observe that T_c depends linearly on both, n_2D and
lambda_ab(0), the signature of a quantum superconductor to insulator (QSI)
transition in two dimensions with znu-bar where z is the dynamic and nu-bar the
critical exponent of the in-plane correlation length.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Partial Coherence Estimation via Spectral Matrix Shrinkage under Quadratic Loss

Partial coherence is an important quantity derived from spectral or precision
matrices and is used in seismology, meteorology, oceanography, neuroscience and
elsewhere. If the number of complex degrees of freedom only slightly exceeds
the dimension of the multivariate stationary time series, spectral matrices are
poorly conditioned and shrinkage techniques suggest themselves. When true
partial coherencies are quite large then for shrinkage estimators of the
diagonal weighting kind it is shown empirically that the minimization of risk
using quadratic loss (QL) leads to oracle partial coherence estimators superior
to those derived by minimizing risk using Hilbert-Schmidt (HS) loss. When true
partial coherencies are small the methods behave similarly. We derive two new
QL estimators for spectral matrices, and new QL and HS estimators for precision
matrices. In addition for the full estimation (non-oracle) case where certain
trace expressions must also be estimated, we examine the behaviour of three
different QL estimators, the precision matrix one seeming particularly robust
and reliable. For the empirical study we carry out exact simulations derived
from real EEG data for two individuals, one having large, and the other small,
partial coherencies. This ensures our study covers cases of real-world
relevance

### Finite-size and pressure effects in YBa_2Cu_4O_8 probed by magnetic field penetration depth measurements

We explore the combined pressure and finite-size effects on the in-plane
penetration depth \lambda_{ab} in YBa_2Cu_4O_8. Even though this cuprate is
stoichiometric the finite-size scaling analysis of \lambda_{ab}^{-2}(T)
uncovers the granular nature and reveals domains with nanoscale size L_{c}
along the c-axis. L_{c} ranges from 33.2 Angstrom to 28.9 Angstrom at pressures
from 0.5 to 11.5 kbar. These observations raise serious doubts on the existence
of a phase coherent macroscopic superconducting state in cuprate
superconductors.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figure

### Experimental investigations of a uranium plasma pertinent to a self sustaining plasma source Annual technical report, 1 Jan. - 31 Dec. 1969

Uranium plasmas with temperature and radiation measurement

### On the occurrence of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless behavior in highly anisotropic cuprate superconductors

The conflicting observations in the highly anisotropic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x,
vidence for BKT behavior emerging from magnetization data and smeared 3D-xy
behavior, stemming form the temperature dependence of the magnetic in-plane
penetration depth are traced back to the rather small ratio, gsic+/gsic-=0.45,
between the c-axis correlation length probed above (+) and below (-) Tc, and
the comparatively large anisotropy. The latter leads to critical amplitudes
gsic0+,-which are substantially smaller than the distance between two CuO2
double layers. In combination with gsic+/gsic-=0.45 and in contrast to the
situation below Tc the c-axis correlation length gsic exceeds the distance
between two CuO2 double layers very close to Tc only. Below this narrow
temperature regime where 3D-xy fluctuations dominate, there is then an extended
temperature regime where the units with two CuO2 double layers are nearly
uncoupled so that 2D thermal fluctuations dominate and BKT features are
observable.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

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