45 research outputs found

    Application of Technology for Processing Rice Straw as Feed for Beef Cattle

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    The objective of this study was to apply the processing of technology for rice straw as cattle feed at smallholder beef cattle farms in supporting the integration between beef cattle and paddy. The study was conducted in smallholder beef cattle farmer groups, in Makkawaru Village, Mattirobulu Sub-District, Pinrang Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. In general, the application of rice straw fermentation technology showed an increase in the quality of rice straw. Quality of crude protein of fermented rice straw was increased in comparison to unfermented one, and it was followed by a decrease in crude fiber content after fermentatio

    The Policy Strategy of Rice Straw Utilization of as Feed for Ruminants

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    As it is known that the success of the livestock business associated with feeding management support. \ud Bantaeng District is one district that prioritizes the development of animal husbandry for the welfare of \ud society, also this district has a great potential of agricultural waste. The tools used in the analysis is \ud SWOT-Analysis (Strengths-Weakness-Opportunities-Threats). This matrix combines opportunities and \ud threats which can be match to the strengths and weaknesses to produce an alternative strategy, that is SO \ud strategy, strategy WO, WT strategy, and ST strategy. The final step is making the decision to determine \ud which strategies are feasible alternatives and the best, with Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix \ud (QSPM) analysis which had previously been given an Attractiveness Score questionnaire. The result of \ud research were the strategies require the provision of rice straw storage in groups on large livestock \ud production centers, increased use of rice straw as a staple feed of cattle, provision of quality rice straw in \ud the dry or drought season, supply and use of straw as animal feed with various methods of delivery and \ud utilizatio

    Karakteristik Fisik Pakan Itik Bentuk Pellet Yang Diberi Bahan Perekat Berbeda Dan Lama Penyimpanan Yang Berbeda

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan bahan perekat (tepung tapioka dan tepung gaplek) dan lama penyimpanan terhadap sifat fisik pakan itik bentuk pellet yang telah mengalami penyimpanan. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola Faktorial 3x3 dengan 4 ulangan. Faktor pertama (A) adalah bahan perekat (ransum pellet tanpa bahan perekat,  ransum pellet + tepung tapioka 5%, dan ransum pellet + tepung gaplek 5%) dan faktor kedua (B) adalah lama penyimpanan (0, 2, dan 4 minggu).  Data yang diperoleh dianalisis sidik ragam (ANOVA), hasil yang berbeda nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji BNT.  Peubah yang diamati adalah berat jenis, kerapatan tumpukan, kerapatan pemadatan tumpukan, sudut tumpukan, daya ambang, dan ketahanan benturan pellet. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan 5% tepung tapioka dalam ransum pellet menghasilkan sifat fisik terbaik yaitu kerapatan tumpukan sebesar 549 kg/m3 dan kerapatan pemadatan tumpukan sebesar 746 kg/m3.  Sedangkan penambahan 5% tepung gaplek menghasilkan sifat fisik terbaik yaitu sudut tumpukan 33.31o dan daya ambang 6.15 m/detik. Lama penyimpanan 4 minggu meningkatkan kualitas sifat fisik pakan pellet yaitu menurunkan berat jenis sebesar 1.28 gr/mldan meningkatkan ketahanan benturan pellet sebesar 97.36%, namun menurunkan kualitas kerapatan tumpukan = 532 kg/m3, kerapatan pemadatan tumpukan = 681 kg/m3, sudut tumpukan = 35.39o, dan daya ambang = 6.30 m/detik.Kata kunci: karakteristik fisik, pellet,  perekat, penyimpanan

    UPAYA MEMPERTAHANKAN KUALITAS DEDAK PADI SEBAGAI BAHAN PAKAN DENGAN PENAMBAHAN BUTYLATED HYDROXYTOLUENE DAN KALSIUM PROPIONAT SELAMA PENYIMPANAN ENAM MINGGU

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    Dedak padi merupakan salah satu bahan pakan ternak yang umum digunakan sebagai sumber energi dan serat bagi ternak. Selain itu dedak padi juga mengandung asam lemak tak jenuh sehingga sangat bermanfaat bagi ternak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh penambahan Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) dan Kalsium Propionat sebagai upaya mempertahankan kualitas dedak padi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Teknologi dan Industri Pakan Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin. Penelitian  disusun berdasarkan rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial  2x4, dengan faktor pertama adalah waktu penyimpanan yaitu W1 = 0 minggu, W2 = 6 minggu, faktor kedua adalah  jenis pengawet yaitu P1 = tanpa pengawet, P2 = BHT 0,01 %, P3 = kalsium propionat 0,3 %, dan P4 = kombinasi BHT 0,01 % + kalsium propionat 0,3 %, dengan dua ulangan. Penggunaan BHT 0,01% (P2) sebagai antioksidan dalam pakan berpengaruh nyata terhadap penurunan kandungan bilangan peroksida dan asam lemak bebas sedangkan penggunaan kalsium propionat 0,3 % (P3) berpengaruh nyata terhadap pertumbuhan koloni jamur. Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan BHT dan kalsium propionat sebagai aditif dalam pakan maupun bahan pakan dapat digunakan untuk mencegah ketengikan hidrolisis dan menghambat pertumbuhan jamur selama penyimpanan

    Analisis Strategi Pemanfaatan Limbah Tanaman Pangan Sebagai Pakan Ruminansia Di Sulawesi Selatan

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    Vector Auto Regression (VAR) is an analysis or statistic method which can be used to predict time series variable and to analyst dynamic impact of disturbance factor in the variable system. In addition, VAR analysis is very useful to assess the interrelationship between economic variables. This research through the following test phases: unit root test, test of hypothesis, Granger causality test, and form a vector autoregresion model (VAR). The data used in this research is the GDP data and budget data of South Sulawesi in the period 1985-2004. The research aims to analyze the interrelationship between public expenditure and economic growth in South Sulawesi. The result showed statistically significant in economic growth (PDRB) influence public expenditure (APBD), however, not vice versa. Otherwise, for the need of APBD prediction, the used of lag 4 was the optimum model based on the causal relationship to PDRB

    Kinerja Mesin Pellet dalam Produksi Pakan Ayam Pedaging Fase Finisher

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    ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kapasitas kinerja mesin dalam produksi pakan pellet ayam pedaging fase finisher dengan berbagai bahan perekat. Penelitian disusun menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dengan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan penambahan bahan perekat yaitu P0 = tanpa menggunakan bahan perekat, P1 = penambahan molases 2%, P2 = penambahan tepung tapioka 2%, P3 = penambahan bentonit 2%. Parameter yang diukur dalam penelitian adalah kinerja teoritis dan kinerja aktual mesin pellet, ukuran diameter dan panjang pellet, serta kualitas organoleptik pellet. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penambahan berbagai bahan perekat tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0.05) terhadap kinerja teoritis mesin pellet, kinerja aktual mesin pellet, serta ukuran diameter dan panjang pellet. Berdasarkan uji organoleptik pellet dengan kriteria tekstur, warna, serta bau menunjukkan bahwa lebih 50% panelis memberi penilaian kategori baik pada kriteria tersebut pada pellet yang diberi bahan perekat. namun, perlakuan tanpa bahan perekat sebanyak 41,67% panelis menyatakan teskstur pellet dengan kategori jelek. Disimpulkan bahwa dengan penambahan berbagai bahan perekat tidak berpengaruh terhadap kinerja mesin pellet, dan ukuran partikel pellet, untuk uji organoleptik menunjukkan lebih 50% panelis menyatakan kategori baik pada kriteria tekstur, warna serta bau, sedangkan tanpa bahan perekat persentase tertinggi panelis menyatakan teskstur pellet dengan kategori jelek.Kata kunci: bahan perekat, kinerja mesin, kualitas fisik, organoleptik pelletABSTRACTThis research aims to determine performance capacity of the machine in production of finisher phase broiler pellet feed with various binders. The research used a completely randomized design (CRD) consist of 4 treatments with 4 replications. The treatment of adding binders are P0 = without using binders, P1 = addition 2% molasses, P2 = addition 2% tapioca flour, P3 = addition 2% bentonite. The parameters measured in the research were the theoretical performance and actual performance of the pellet machine, the diameter and length of the pellet, as well as the organoloptic quality of pellet. The results showed the addition of a variety of binders no significant effect (P>0.05) against the theoretical performance of pellet machines, the actual performance of pellet machines, as well as the size of diameter and length of pellets. Based on organoleptic test pellets with texture, color, and smell criteria showed that more than 50% of panelists gave a category rating on the criteria on pellets that were given binders. On the other hand, treatment without adhesives as much as 41,67% of panelists stated that the texture of pellets was in the bad category. It can be concluded that the addition of various binders has no effect on the performance of the machine, and the size of the pellet particles. For the organoleptic test, it showed that more than 50% of panelists stated good categories in the criteria of texture, color and smell, while without adhesive, the highest percentage of panelists stated that the pellet texture was in the bad category.Keywords: binder, machine performance, physical quality, organoleptic pelle

    Characteristics of Feed Mills at Farmers Group Scale in Supporting the Development of Beef Cattle

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    One of the strategies to increase the availability of beef cattle feed in small holder livestock farms is to build feed industry of raw material agricultural waste-based. Development of small scale feed mills at the farmers group level is a necessity in supporting their farm. The important thing to consider in feed production not only on the quality aspect, but also the economical aspects need to be considered, which can be affordable by the farmers. The farmer group of Padang Tawang is one of a farmers group that having small-scale feed mill that processing the raw material feed into the feed concentrates and complete feed. Based on identification of the availability of feed raw materials in the region of farmer groups generally available raw material feed is a source of fiber with a crude protein content below 20 % (14 of feed ingredients), and it was only two feed ingredients that are categorized as a protein source with crude protein content above 20 % was coconut meal and shrimp head

    STRATEGIC UTILIZATION OF RICE STRAW AS FEED FOR RUMINANTS IN THE BANTAENG DISTRICT : SWOT Analysis Approach

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    As it is known that the success of the livestock business associated with feeding\ud management support. Bantaeng District is one district that prioritizes the development of\ud animal husbandry for the welfare of society, also this district has a great potential of\ud agricultural waste. This research conducted in several steps based on formulation techniques\ud strategy according to David (2001) to formulate a utilization strategy of rice straw as\ud ruminant feed resources in the District Bantaeng. The tools used in the analysis is SWOT\ud Matrix (Strengths-Weakness-Opportunities-Threats). This matrix combines opportunities\ud and threats which can be match to the strengths and weaknesses to produce an alternative\ud strategy, that is SO strategy, strategy WO, WT strategy, and ST strategy. The final step is\ud making the decision to determine which strategies are feasible alternatives and the best,\ud with Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis which had previously been\ud given an Attractiveness Score questionnaire. The result of research were the strategies\ud require the provision of rice straw storage in groups on large livestock production centers,\ud increased use of rice straw as a staple feed of cattle, provision of quality rice straw in the\ud dry or drought season, supply and use of straw as animal feed with various methods of\ud delivery and utilization

    PENINGKATAN MUTU GENETIK INDUK DAN CALON INDUK KAMBING PE PROLIFIK MELALUI PEMANFAATAN PAKAN KULIT BUAH KAKAO

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    Pod husks from waste cocoa crops used as alternative feed goats Peranakan Etawah. This study aims to determine the impact of the pod husks as a feed supplement to increase body size of adult female and parent in preparing for pregnancy. A total of 30 goats were divided into 16 tails dara and 14 breeding, reared intensively for 60 days. Pod husks were feeding as many as 1000-1500 g / head / day. The analysis used the PCR RFLP. The results showed the average growth of Body Lenght for the adult female, the prolific parent and single parent respectively by 1.75, 2:18 and 1:59 cm, while the average increase respectively Shoulder Height 1:49, and 1:12 1.97 cm. The results of the analysis of PCR RFLP GH MspI produced three genotypes, namely TT; TC and CC. Obtained genotype frequencies of TT (0091); TC (0409) and CC (0500). GH MspI gene polymorphism is not associated with the prolific nature, but related with the average increase in body size. It can be seen in the TT genotype showed the average increase Body Lenght (2.26 cm) and Shoulder Height (1.80), while TC and CC is almost the same (not different). Program selection on the growth potential of goats can use TT genotype
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