481 research outputs found

    Effect of Thermal Fluctuation on Spectral Function for the Tomonaga-Luttinger Model

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    We examine the spectral function of the single electron Green function at finite temperatures for the Tomonaga-Luttinger model which consists of the mutual interaction with only the forward scattering. The spectral weight, which is calculated as a function of the frequency with the fixed wave number, shows that several peaks originating in the excitation spectra of charge and spin fluctuations vary into a single peak by the increase of temperature.Comment: 10 pages, 6 eps figure

    Competition of disorder and interchain hopping in a two-chain Hubbard model

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    We study the interplay of Anderson localization and interaction in a two chain Hubbard ladder allowing for arbitrary ratio of disorder strength to interchain coupling. We obtain three different types of spin gapped localized phases depending on the strength of disorder: a pinned 4kF4k_F Charge Density Wave (CDW) for weak disorder, a pinned 2kF2k_F CDWÏ€^\pi for intermediate disorder and two independently pinned single chain 2kF2k_F CDW for strong disorder. Confinement of electrons can be obtained as a result of strong disorder or strong attraction. We give the full phase diagram as a function of disorder, interaction strength and interchain hopping. We also study the influence of interchain hopping on localization length and show that localization is enhanced by a small interchain hopping but suppressed by a large interchain hopping.Comment: 12 pages, uses svjour and svepj macros, 8 EPS figure

    Mechanism of confinement in low-dimensional organic conductors

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    Confinement-deconfinement transition in quarter-filled two-coupled chains comprising dimerization, repulsive interactions and interchain hopping has been demonstrated by applying the renormalization group method to the bosonized Hamiltonian. The confinement given by the irrelevant interchain hopping occurs with increasing umklapp scattering which is induced by the dimerization leading to effectively half-filling. It is shown that the transition originates in a competition between a charge gap and the renormalized interchain hopping.Comment: 5 pages, 7 figures, Proc. CREST Int. Workshop, Nagoya 2000, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. Solid

    Competition of superfluidity and density waves in one-dimensional Bose-Fermi mixtures

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    We study a mixture of one-dimensional bosons and spinless fermions at incommensurate filling using phenomenological bosonization and Green's functions techniques. We derive the relation between the parameters of the microscopic Hamiltonian and macroscopic observables. Galilean invariance results in extra constraints for the current current interactions. We obtain the exact exponents for the various response functions, and show that superfluid fluctuations are enhanced by the effective boson-fermion density-density interaction and suppressed by the effective boson-fermion current-current interaction. In the case of a bosonized model with purely density-density interaction, when the effective boson-fermion density-density interaction is weak enough, the superfluid exponent of the bosons has a non-monotonous variation with the ratio of the fermion velocity to the boson velocity. By contrast, density-wave exponent and the exponent for fermionic superfluidity are monotonous functions of the velocity ratio.Comment: 9 pages, RevTeX 4, 1 EPS figur

    On the Mott glass in the one-dimensional half-filled charge density waves

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    We study the effect of impurity pinning on a one-dimensional half-filled electron system, which is expressed in terms of a phase Hamiltonian with the charge degree of freedom. Within the classical treatment, the pinned state is examined numerically. The Mott glass, which has been pointed out by Orignac et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett 83 (1999) 2378], appears in the intermediate region where the impurity potential competes with the commensurate potential. Such a state is verified by calculating the soliton formation energy, the local restoring force around the pinned state and the optical conductivity.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures, to be published in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72 No.11 (2003

    Role of Phase Variables in Quarter-Filled Spin Density Wave States

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    Several kinds of spin density wave (SDW) states with both quarter-filled band and dimerization are reexamined for a one-dimensional system with on-site, nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor repulsive interactions, which has been investigated by Kobayashi et al. (J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 67 (1998) 1098). Within the mean-field theory, the ground state and the response to the density variation are calculated in terms of phase variables, θ\theta and ϕ\phi, where θ\theta expresses the charge fluctuation of SDW and ϕ\phi describes the relative motion between density wave with up spin and that with down spin respectively. It is shown that the exotic state of coexistence of 2k_F-SDW and 2k_F-charge density wave (CDW) is followed by 4k_F-SDW but not by 4k_F-CDW where k_F denotes a Fermi wave vector. The harmonic potential with respect to the variation of θ\theta and/or ϕ\phi disappears for the interactions, which lead to the boundary between the pure 2k_F-SDW state and the corresponding coexistent state.Comment: 9 pages, 15 figures, to be published in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 69 No.3 (2000) 79

    Quarter-filled spin density wave states with long-range Coulomb interaction

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    Spin density wave (SDW) states at quarter-filling, which coexist with charge density wave (CDW) states, have been examined where the critical temperature is calculated for an extended Hubbard model with long range repulsive interactions. Within the mean-field theory, it is shown that the first order transition occurs with decreasing temperature for interactions located around the boundary between SDW state and CDW state.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, Proceedings of CREST International Workshop (Nagoya, Japan, 24-26 January, 2000), submitted to J. Phys. Chem. Solid

    Interchain-Frustration-Induced Metallic State in Quasi-One-Dimensional Mott Insulators

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    The mechanism that drives a metal-insulator transition in an undoped quasi-one-dimensional Mott insulator is examined in the framework of the Hubbard model with two different hoppings t_{perp 1} and t_{perp 2} between nearest-neighbor chains. By applying an N_{perp}-chain renormalization group method at the two-loop level, we show how a metallic state emerges when both t_{perp 1} and t_{perp 2} exceed critical values. In the metallic phase, the quasiparticle weight becomes finite and develops a strong momentum dependence. We discuss the temperature dependence of the resistivity and the impact of our theory in the understanding of recent experiments on half-filled molecular conductors.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, published versio

    Effect of nearest- and next-nearest neighbor interactions on the spin-wave velocity of one-dimensional quarter-filled spin-density-wave conductors

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    We study spin fluctuations in quarter-filled one-dimensional spin-density-wave systems in presence of short-range Coulomb interactions. By applying a path integral method, the spin-wave velocity is calculated as a function of on-site (U), nearest (V) and next-nearest (V_2) neighbor-site interactions. With increasing V or V_2, the pure spin-density-wave state evolves into a state with coexisting spin- and charge-density waves. The spin-wave velocity is reduced when several density waves coexist in the ground state, and may even vanish at large V. The effect of dimerization along the chain is also considered.Comment: REVTeX, 11 pages, 9 figure
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