31 research outputs found

    Iklim Investasi di Indonesia

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    The development of Indonesia’s economy has been going for more or less 46 years since it was launched by the government of the New Order on 1970. With a period of more than half a century has brought changes in the life of Indonesians that was done by the development of economy with various escalation and dynamics. Making a development will surely need a large amount of capital and provided at the right tims. Capital can be provided by the government and by the wide society, especially in the private business world. An ideal situation, in terms of nationalism is that if the need of the capital itself can be fully provided by the ability of capital in it’s own country, whether it be the government and or the world of the country’s private business. But in reality, developing countries in terms of the ability of providing enough capital to develop As a whole experience various difficulties that is caused by various factors, that is;  low rates of the society’s savings, a not effective and not efficient accumulation of capital, the inadequate skills and the technology. Keyword: foreign capital investment, foreign investor in Indonesia, and influenced factor

    THE ROLE OF INDONESIAN ONLINE MARKETPLACES IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS INFRINGEMENTS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

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    This research explores the forms of intellectual property rights violations and their causes, which are examined using the Indonesian intellectual property rights legal framework, to then generate an overview of the legal reconstruction needed to protect existing intellectual property in Indonesian online marketplaces. This research used normative legal research method with comparative approach by analyzing the existing Indonesian IP legal framework and compare it with other countries that are more advanced in IPR protections. This research puts a great emphasis on legal problems and the criminal elements of the Indonesian intellectual property rights legal framework to explain the position of online marketplaces and their responsibilities to also support the protection of IP and the growth of e-commerce overall. This research finds that Indonesia is facing normative issues in defining the role of online marketplace in many IP infringement cases. This finding is important in the support for continued legal development in Indonesia, to provide better protection of many forms of intellectual property rights in Indonesian online marketplaces

    Kebijakan Corporate Social Responsibility: Investasi Sosial dalam Pengembangan Masyarakat selama Pandemi Covid-19

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    Penyebaran Covid-19 mempengaruhi kestabilan ekonomi suatu negara. Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang kestabilan ekononominya terganggu akibat penyebaran Covid-19. Maka, dibutuhkan kolaborasi seluruh elemen sebagai upaya bersama dalam proses peningkatan kesejahteraan dan kualitas hidup masyarakat, salah satunya adalah peran perusahaan. Perusahaan dinilai memiliki peran penting dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi serta mengentaskan kemiskinan selama pandemi ini. Maka, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui serta mengkaji eksistensi pengaturan CSR di Indonesia dan upaya perusahaan dalam pengembangan masyarakat selama Pandemi Covid-19. Penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian hukum normatif dengan pendekatan konseptual. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa di Indonesia pengaturan CSR belum diatur secara utuh sehingga dinilai tidak jelas dan tidak konsisten. Hal ini mengakibatkan kurangnya kepastian hukum sehingga dibutuhkan regulasi yang jelas dan konsisten agar tidak menimbulkan multitafsir atau interpretasi yang berbeda mengenai CSR. Dimasa Pandemi Covid-19 saat ini CSR dapat diimplementasikan oleh perusahaan sebagi upaya pengembangan masyarakat melalui program pemberdayaan. Kebijakan CSR setiap perusahaan tentunya perlu melalui strategi yang telah disesuaikan dengan potensi dan lingkungan masyarakat.

    Titik Lemah Industri Keuangan Fintech di Indonesia: Kajian Perbandingan Hukum

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    Kemajuan teknologi mendorong industri keuangan digital terus mengalami perkembangan yang semakin pesat dan salah satunya adalah financial fechnology (fintech). Indonesia belum memiliki regulasi yang spesifik, menjadikan Indonesia masih lemah secara pondasi hukum dalam mewujudkan suatu kemajuan dalam industri keuangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami dan menganalisa kondisi pengaturan fintech khususnya di Indonesia dan Singapura. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah hukum normatif dengan menggunakan data yang diperoleh melalui studi kepustakaan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan perkembangan industri fintech Indonesia yang tergolong maju, dapat terus dikembangkan dengan menelaah perkembangan industri  fintech yang ada di Singapura. Hukum fintech Indonesia dan Singapura masih bertumpu pada beberapa aturan yang dikeluarkan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) di Indonesia dan Monetary Authority of Singapore  (MAS) di Singapura. Inilah yang masih menjadi titik lemah kedua bangsa ini. Peran hukum yang masih terkesan lemah menjadikan suatu celah besar yang harus segera diperbaiki dalam arus perkembangan industri fintech. Industri Fintech yang melibatkan masyarakat secara luas dan mengandung nominal uang yang sangat banyak, perlunya suatu hadirnyahukum yang dapat menjamin perlindungan kepentingan para stakeholders

    Kebijakan Pemberian Kompensasi Terhadap Pekerja Perjanjian Waktu Tertentu di Kabupaten Karimun

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    In 2020, Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation has been enacted. With this, it also changes the legislation regarding employment, including Government Regulation Number 35 of 2021. The purpose of this research is to find out the implementation of Government Regulation Number 35 of 2021 concerning PKWT, Outsourcing, WKWI, and PHK after the Constitutional Court Decision on Providing Compensation for PKWT Workers and providing solutions in accordance with the laws and regulations and facts found in the field in order to overcome the obstacles that occur. This research uses the Empirical/Sociological type of legal research because the data to be used is mainly data obtained directly which is primary data. Compensation is the right of workers who are bound by a Fixed-Term Employment Agreement (PKWT), so employers are obliged to provide the rights of PKWT workers at the end of the working period in accordance with the employment agreement. If the employer does not pay compensation rights, administrative sanctions will be imposed in accordance with applicable regulations

    POLEMIK IMPLEMENTASI PEMBERIAN HAK RESTITUSI DALAM TPPO: PERDAGANGAN ORANG ATAU PEKERJA MIGRAN ILEGAL?

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    Fulfilling justice for trafficking victims is not enough to be imprisoned alone but must come to the recovery of the suffering losses of trafficking victims. In Law Number 21 of 2007 concerning the Eradication of Trafficking in Persons, it stipulates the rights that can be given to victims, one of which is the right to restitution that must be given by traffickers as compensation to victims, in this case based on District Court Decision Number: 109 / Pid.Sus / 2022 / PN Tp, the defendant was convicted in accordance with the second alternative charge JPU Article 81 Jo Article 69 of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 18 of 2017 concerning the Protection of Migrant Workers as amended by Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation Jo Article 55 paragraph (1) to – 1 of the Penal Code with a prison sentence of 10 (ten) years and a fine of IDR 1,000,000,000 (one billion rupiah). The method used in this study is normative-empirical legal research by examining actual actions in the form of legal documents (judges' decisions) which are then adjusted to applicable rules and regulations, information collected through online literature searches, books, and related regulations. In this legal research, legal approaches, conceptual approaches, and case approaches will be used, along with specific research needs. In this study, primary and secondary legal materials were used. The legal material analyzed is presented methodically, logically, and reasonably. Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that the conviction in the judgment number 109/Pid.Sus/2022/PN Tp by being convicted of legally and convincingly violating the articles contained in the PMI Law, justice for victims is not fulfilled where  the type of crime is a criminal offense that is not included in the provisions of article 2 paragraph (1) letter a of Perma Number 1 of 2022

    ANALISIS YURIDIS PENJATUHAN PIDANA DI BAWAH MINIMUM KHUSUS TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA NARKOTIKA (Studi Kasus Putusan Nomor 42/Pid.Sus/2019/PN Bpd)

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    One of the products of non-codified criminal regulations that adheres to a special minimum system. Article 12 paragraph (2) of the Criminal Code specifies the minimum criminal penalties applicable in Indonesia for one day of imprisonment, while Article 18 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code also specifies one day of imprisonment as the minimum sentence for imprisonment. This is typically the case. However, the Criminal Code does not regulate the specific minimum criminal hazard level. Article 103 of the Criminal Code states that laws outside the Criminal Code can regulate special rules; in this case, based on the District Court Decision Number: 42 / Pid.Sus / 2019 PN Bpd, the defendant Syamsul Rizal Bin Zainal was sentenced in accordance with the subsidiary charges of the Public Prosecutor article 111 paragraph 1 with a minimum criminal threat of 4 years and a fine of Rp. 800,000,000 (Eight Hundred Million RupeesIn this legal research, a legal approach, a conceptual approach, and a case approach will be utilized, along with specific research requirements. In this investigation, both primary and secondary legal materials were utilized. The analyzed legal material is presented in a methodical, logical, and reasonable manner. On the basis of the study's findings, it is possible to conclude that the criminal conviction below the specified minimum in decision number 42/Pid.Sus/2019/PN Bpd violates the principle of legality (nulla poena sine lege), as the decision lacks legal considerations

    International Laws and The Reality: The Complexity of Corporate Law in Empowering Human Rights

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    Corporations inevitably violate human rights in a variety of ways. As corporations evolved into massive multinational businesses, corporate violence—which is a legacy of colonialism and corporate power—continues to exist today. Corporate players maintain their freedom in pursuing their objectives using convoluted and obscure multinational organizations and supply networks, through the utilization of corporate law principles like the veil of corporate ownership, and also through other practices like tax evasion and lobbying of political bodies. The objective of this article is to explore the legal aspects of the problem of corporate violence, and suggesting reforms to ensure justice for the affected parties. This article uses the doctrinal research method along with the comparative method, focusing on both primary and secondary data. This article makes the case that the issue stems from the structural and systemic flaws in the framework of international law as well as in corporate laws that continually preserve corporate institutions in frustrating the advancement of the cause for human rights.  To effectively enhance the corporate and human rights environment, a framework of hard law, soft law, and non-law reforms and actions is needed
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