30,625 research outputs found

    Degeneracy of Ground State in Two-dimensional Electron-Lattice System

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    We discuss the ground state of a two dimensional electron-lattice system described by a Su-Schrieffer-Heeger type Hamiltonian with a half-filled electronic band, for which it has been pointed out in the previous paper [J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 69 (2000) 1769-1776] that the ground state distortion pattern is not unique in spite of a unique electronic energy spectrum and the same total energy. The necessary and sufficient conditions to be satisfied by the distortion patterns in the ground state are derived numerically. As a result the degrees of degeneracy in the ground state is estimated to be about NN/4N^{N/4} for N1N \gg 1 with NN the linear dimension of the system.Comment: 2pages, 2figure

    Spectral functions and optical conductivity of spinless fermions on a checkerboard lattice

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    We study the dynamical properties of spinless fermions on the checkerboard lattice. Our main interest is the limit of large nearest-neighbor repulsion VV as compared with hopping t|t|. The spectral functions show broad low-energy excitation which are due to the dynamics of fractionally charged excitations. Furthermore, it is shown that the fractional charges contribute to the electrical current density.Comment: 9 Pages, 9 Figure

    Local Density of States and Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectral Function of an Inhomogeneous D-wave Superconductor

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    Nanoscale inhomogeneity seems to be a central feature of the d-wave superconductivity in the cuprates. Such a feature can strongly affect the local density of states (LDOS) and the spectral weight functions. Within the Bogoliubov-de Gennes formalism we examine various inhomogeneous configurations of the superconducting order parameter to see which ones better agree with the experimental data. Nanoscale large amplitude oscillations in the order parameter seem to fit the LDOS data for the underdoped cuprates. The one-particle spectral function for a general inhomogeneous configuration exhibits a coherent peak in the nodal direction. In contrast, the spectral function in the antinodal region is easily rendered incoherent by the inhomogeneity. This throws new light on the dichotomy between the nodal and antinodal quasiparticles in the underdoped cuprates.Comment: 5 pages, 9 pictures. Phys. Rev. B (in press

    Aharonov-Casher phase and persistent current in a polyacetylene ring

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    We investigate a polyacetylene ring in an axially symmetric, static electric field with a modified SSH Hamiltonian of a polyacetylene chain. An effective gauge potential of the single electron Hamiltonian due to spin-field interaction is obtained and it results in a Fr\"{o}hlich's type of superconductivity equivalent to the effect of travelling lattice wave. The total energy as well as the persistent current density are shown to be a periodic function of the flux of the gauge field embraced by the polyacetylene ring.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figure

    Lie bialgebras of generalized Witt type

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    In a paper by Michaelis a class of infinite-dimensional Lie bialgebras containing the Virasoro algebra was presented. This type of Lie bialgebras was classified by Ng and Taft. In this paper, all Lie bialgebra structures on the Lie algebras of generalized Witt type are classified. It is proved that, for any Lie algebra WW of generalized Witt type, all Lie bialgebras on WW are coboundary triangular Lie bialgebras. As a by-product, it is also proved that the first cohomology group H1(W,WW)H^1(W,W \otimes W) is trivial.Comment: 14 page

    The Kagome Antiferromagnet: A Schwinger-Boson Mean-Field Theory Study

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    The Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the Kagom\'{e} lattice is studied in the framework of Schwinger-boson mean-field theory. Two solutions with different symmetries are presented. One solution gives a conventional quantum state with q=0\mathbf{q}=0 order for all spin values. Another gives a gapped spin liquid state for spin S=1/2S=1/2 and a mixed state with both q=0\mathbf{q}=0 and 3×3\sqrt{3}\times \sqrt{3} orders for spin S>1/2S>1/2. We emphasize that the mixed state exhibits two sets of peaks in the static spin structure factor. And for the case of spin S=1/2S=1/2, the gap value we obtained is consistent with the previous numerical calculations by other means. We also discuss the thermodynamic quantities such as the specific heat and magnetic susceptibility at low temperatures and show that our result is in a good agreement with the Mermin-Wagner theorem.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figure