3,445 research outputs found

    The Large-Scale Velocity Field

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    I summarize both observational and theoretical developments in the last few years in measuring and understanding the large-scale velocity field of galaxies, with special attention to the bulk flow, or average peculiar velocity, within spheres centered on the Local Group.Comment: 12 pages standard Latex (w/figures). Uses psfig.tex, included. To be published in ``Critical Dialogues in Cosmology'' ed. Turok. Uses AAS macros, postscript also available at http://www.astro.princeton.edu/~library/preprints/pop684.ps.g

    Measuring High-Order Moments of the Galaxy Distribution from Counts in Cells -- The Edgeworth Approximation

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    To probe the weakly non-linear regime, past the point where simple linear theory is sufficient to describe the statistics of the density distribution, we measure the skewness (S_3) and kurtosis (S_4) of the Count Probability Distribution Function (CPDF) of the IRAS 1.2 Jy sample obtained from counts in cells. These quantities are free parameters in a maximum likelihood fit of an Edgeworth expansion convolved with a Poissonian to the observed CPDF. This method, applicable on scales greater than 5 Mpc, is appreciably less sensitive to the tail of the distribution than are measurements of S_3 and S_4 from moments of the CPDF. We measure S_3 and S_4 to l~50 h^{-1} Mpc; the data are consistent with scale invariance, yielding averages of = 2.83 +/- 0.09, and = 6.89 +/- 0.68. These values are higher than those found using the moments method on the same data set, = 1.5 +/- 0.5 and = 4.4 +/- 3.7, due to lack of correction in the latter work for finite-volume effects. Unlike the moments method, our results are quite robust to the fact that IRAS galaxies are under-represented in cluster cores. We use N-body simulations to show that our method yields unbiased results.Comment: 31 pages, ApJ, in press, volume 493. Matches published version; more complete discussion of error

    Economic outlook for Y2K is A-OK

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    Economic conditions - United States ; Gross domestic product

    Economy in 2002: climbing back up the slope

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    Gross domestic product ; Manufactures

    Auto experts look forward amid concerns about costs

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    Automobile industry and trade

    Slower economic outlook for the Midwest

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    Manufactures ; Economic conditions - Middle West
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