2,347 research outputs found

    Higher cotangent cohomology of rational surface singularities

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    The cotangent cohomology groups T^1 and T^2 play an important role in deformation theory, the first as space of infinitesimal deformations, while the obstructions land in the second. Much work has been done to compute their dimension for rational surface singularities. For such singularities we give explicit dimension formulas for the groups T^i with i>2.Comment: 15 page

    Degenerations of elliptic curves and cusp singularities

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    We give more or less explicit equations for all two-dimensional cusp singularities of embedding dimension at least 4. They are closely related to Felix Klein's equations for universal curves with level n structure. The main technical result is a description of the versal deformation of an n-gon in Pn−1P^{n-1}. The final section contains the equations for smoothings of simple elliptic singularities (of multiplicity at most 9).Comment: Plain Te

    Non-embeddable 1-convex manifolds

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    We show that every small resolution of a three-dimensional terminal hypersurface singularity can occur on a non-embeddable 1-convex manifold. We give an explicit example of a non-embeddable manifold containing an irreducible exceptional rational curve with normal bundle of type (1,-3). To this end we study small resolutions of cD_4-singularities.Comment: 16 pages, 2 figures changes following referee report; some wrong formulas correcte

    Conjectures on stably Newton degenerate singularities

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    We discuss a problem of Arnold, whether every function is stably equivalent to one which is non-degenerate for its Newton diagram. We argue that the answer is negative. We describe a method to make functions non-degenerate after stabilisation and give examples of singularities where this method does not work. We conjecture that they are in fact stably degenerate, that is not stably equivalent to non-degenerate functions. We review the various non-degeneracy concepts in the literature. For finite characteristic we conjecture that there are nowild vanishing cycles for non-degenerate singularities. This implies that the simplest example of singularities with finite Milnor number, xp+xqx^p+x^q in characteristic pp, is not stably equivalent to a non-degenerate function. We argue that irreducible plane curves with an arbitrary number of Puiseux pairs (in characteristic zero) are stably non-degenerate. As the stabilisation involves many variables, it becomes very difficult to determine the Newton diagram in general, but the form of the equations indicates that the defining functions are non-degenerate.Comment: This is a completely rewritten version, with new title, more details on non-degenaracy conditions and more example

    Deforming nonnormal isolated surface singularities and constructing 3-folds with P1\mathbb{P}^1 as exceptional set

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    Normally one assumes isolated surface singularities to be normal. The purpose of this paper is to show that it can be useful to look at nonnormal singularities. By deforming them interesting normal singularities can be constructed, such as isolated, non Cohen-Macaulay threefold singularities. They arise by a small contraction of a smooth rational curve, whose normal bundle has a sufficiently positive subbundle. We study such singularities from their nonnormal general hyperplane section.Comment: 20

    Rolling Factors Deformations and Extensions of Canonical Curves

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    A tetragonal canonical curve is the complete intersection of two divisors on a scroll. The equations can be written in `rolling factors' format. For such homogeneous ideals we give methods to compute infinitesimal deformations. Deformations can be obstructed. For the case of quadratic equations on the scroll we derive explicit base equations. They are used to study extensions of tetragonal curves.Comment: 38 pp., plain Te

    Sextic surfaces with ten triple points

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    All families of sextic surfaces with the maximal number of isolated triple points are found.Comment: 15 pages, 2 figure

    Simple surface singularities

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    By the famous ADE classification rational double points are simple. Rational triple points are also simple. We conjecture that the simple normal surface singularities are exactly those rational singularities, whose resolution graph can be obtained from the graph of a rational double point or rational triple point by making (some) vertex weights more negative. For rational singularities we show one direction in general, and the other direction (simpleness) within the special classes of rational quadruple points and of sandwiched singularities.Comment: 20 page
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