139 research outputs found

    Spectral self-action of THz emission from ionizing two-color laser pulses in gases

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    The spectrum of terahertz (THz) emission in gases via ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses is analyzed by means of a semi-analytic model and finite-difference-time-domain simulations in 1D and 2D geometries. We show that produced THz signals interact with free electron trajectories and thus influence significantly further THz generation upon propagation, i.e., make the process inherently nonlocal. This self-action plays a key role in the observed strong spectral broadening of the generated THz field. Diffraction limits the achievable THz bandwidth by efficiently depleting the low frequency amplitudes in the propagating field.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure

    Generation of terahertz radiation from ionizing two-color laser pulses in Ar filled metallic hollow waveguides

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    The generation of THz radiation from ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses propagating in metallic hollow waveguides filled with Ar is numerically studied. We observe a strong reshaping of the low-frequency part of the spectrum. Namely, after several millimeters of propagation the spectrum is extended from hundreds of GHz up to ‚ąľ150\sim 150~THz. For longer propagation distances, nearly single-cycle near-infrared pulses with wavelengths around 4.5~őľ\mum are obtained by appropriate spectral filtering, with an efficiency of up to 0.25~\%

    Nonlinear dynamics of trapped beams

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    Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit der nichtlinearen Propagation von Licht in schwach f√ľhrenden Wellenleitern und in der Atmosph√§re. Bei der Lichtausbreitung im Wellenleiter leiten wir ein hinreichendes Kriterium f√ľr die Stabilit√§t schwach nichtlinearer Wellenleitermoden ab. Der zweite Teil der Arbeit besch√§ftigt sich mit der Ausbreitung hochintensiver ultrakurzer Laserpulse in der Atmosph√§re, insbesondere mit multipler Filamentierung

    Directionality of THz emission from photoinduced gas plasmas

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    Forward and backward THz emission by ionizing two-color laser pulses in gas is investigated by means of a simple semi-analytical model based on Jefimenko's equation and rigorous Maxwell simulations in one and two dimensions. We find the emission in backward direction having a much smaller spectral bandwidth than in forward direction and explain this by interference effects. Forward THz radiation is generated predominantly at the ionization front and thus almost not affected by the opacity of the plasma, in excellent agreement with results obtained from a unidirectional pulse propagation model

    Azimuthons in weakly nonlinear waveguides of different symmetries

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    We show that weakly guiding nonlinear waveguides support stable propagation of rotating spatial solitons (azimuthons). We investigate the role of waveguide symmetry on the soliton rotation. We find that azimuthons in circular waveguides always rotate rigidly during propagation and the analytically predicted rotation frequency is in excellent agreement with numerical simulations. On the other hand, azimuthons in square waveguides may experience spatial deformation during propagation. Moreover, we show that there is a critical value for the modulation depth of azimuthons above which solitons just wobble back and forth, and below which they rotate continuously. We explain these dynamics using the concept of energy difference between different orientations of the azimuthon.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figure

    Supercontinuum generation of ultrashort laser pulses in air at different central wavelengths

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    Supercontinuum generation by femtosecond filaments in air is investigated for different laser wavelengths ranging from ultraviolet to infrared. Particular attention is paid on the role of third-harmonic generation and temporal steepening effects, which enlarge the blue part of the spectrum. A unidirectional pulse propagation model and nonlinear evolution equations are numerically integrated and their results are compared. Apart from the choice of the central wavelength, we emphasize the importance of the saturation intensity reached by self-guided pulses, together with their temporal duration and propagation length as key players acting on both supercontinuum generation of the pump wave and emergence of the third harmonics. Maximal broadening is observed for large wavelengths and long filamentation ranges.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure

    Shaping the longitudinal electric field component of light

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    International audienceThis paper illustrates examples of shaping the longitudinal electric field component of light which is relevant for tightly focused beams. Given that the latter is not directly accessible via conventional beam shaping techniques we elaborate on the interplay between the transverse polarization and longitudinal electric field components. A Helmholtz decomposition of the transverse electric field components in the transverse plane permits on the one hand to draw insightful analogies with electro-and magnetostatics and with fluid dynamics. On the other hand, it allows to clearly isolate the remaining degree of freedom in the transverse electric field components for a given longitudinal electric field component and with that to generalize the concepts of radial and azimuthal polarization. We discuss degrees of freedom and show how one can exploit the findings to generate novel customized vector beams. Furthermore, we present a thought experiment to study beams containing evanescent waves

    Structuring the three electric field components of light

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    International audienceUnless the beam's transverse electric field components are divergence-free in the two-dimensional transverse plane [1], tightly focused light typically leads to a non-negligible longitudinal electric field component [2], where the terms longitudinal and transverse electric field components refer to the components of the electric field that are parallel or perpendicular, respectively, to the direction of the mean Poynting flux. Having a longitudinal electric field component does not add a new degree of freedom, in the sense that all components of the electric and magnetic fields are still fixed by prescribing two electric field components in a plane. However, it is the electric field component parallel to the direction of the Poynting flux that makes it somewhat special

    3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments

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    Terahertz (THz) radiation produced by the filamentation of two-color pulses over long distances in argon is numerically investigated using a comprehensive model in full space-time resolved geometry. We show that the dominant physical mechanism for THz generation in the filamentation regime at clamping intensity is based on quasi-dc plasma currents. The calculated THz spectra for different pump pulse energies and pulse durations are in agreement with previously reported experimental observations. For the same pulse parameters, near-infrared pump pulses at 2~őľ\mum are shown to generate a more than one order of magnitude larger THz yield than pumps centered at 800 nm
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