95 research outputs found

    Constant sign and nodal solutions for nonlinear elliptic equations with combined nonlinearities

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    We study a parametric nonlinear Dirichlet problem driven by a nonhomogeneous differential operator and with a reaction which is ”concave” (i.e., (p − 1)− sublinear) near zero and ”convex” (i.e., (p − 1)− superlinear) near ±1. Using variational methods combined with truncation and comparison techniques, we show that for all small values of the parameter > 0, the problem has at least five nontrivial smooth solutions (four of constant sign and the fifth nodal). In the Hilbert space case (p = 2), using Morse theory, we produce a sixth nontrivial smooth solution but we do not determine its sign

    Francesco S. De Blasi remembered by close friends and colleagues

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    remembered by close friends and colleague

    Three nontrivial solutions for nonlocal anisotropic inclusions under nonresonance

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    In this article, we study a pseudo-differential inclusion driven by a nonlocal anisotropic operator and a Clarke generalized subdifferential of a nonsmooth potential, which satisfies nonresonance conditions both at the origin and at infinity. We prove the existence of three nontrivial solutions: one positive, one negative and one of unknown sign, using variational methods based on nosmooth critical point theory, more precisely applying the second deformation theorem and spectral theory. Here, a nosmooth anisotropic version of the Hölder versus Sobolev minimizers relation play an important role

    Positive solutions for parametric nonlinear periodic problems with competing nonlinearities

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    We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonhomogeneous differential operator plus an indefinite potential and a reaction having the competing effects of concave and convex terms. For the superlinear (concave) term we do not employ the usual in such cases Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition. Using variational methods together with truncation, perturbation and comparison techniques, we prove a bifurcation-type theorem describing the set of positive solutions as the parameter varies

    The Obstacle Problem at Zero for the Fractional p-Laplacian

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    In this paper we establish a multiplicity result for a class of unilateral, nonlinear, nonlocal problems with nonsmooth potential (variational-hemivariational inequalities), using the degree map of multivalued perturbations of fractional nonlinear operators of monotone type, the fact that the degree at a local minimizer of the corresponding Euler functional is equal one, and controlling the degree at small balls and at big balls

    Strongly nonlinear second order multivalued Dirichlet systems

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    We consider second order nonlinear Dirichlet systems driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator. The reaction term consists of a maximal monotone map A(⋅) plus a multivalued perturbation F depending also on derivative. Using tools from multivalued analysis and from the theory of nonlinear operators of monotone type, we prove existence theorems both for the "convex" (F is convex-valued) and the "nonconvex" (F is nonconvex-valued) problems. We also present an example of a system with unilateral constraint

    Voltage-programmable liquid optical interface

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    Recently, there has been intense interest in photonic devices based on microfluidics, including displays and refractive tunable microlenses and optical beamsteerers, that work using the principle of electrowetting. Here, we report a novel approach to optical devices in which static wrinkles are produced at the surface of a thin film of oil as a result of dielectrophoretic forces. We have demonstrated this voltage-programmable surface wrinkling effect in periodic devices with pitch lengths of between 20 and 240 ”m and with response times of less than 40 ”s. By a careful choice of oils, it is possible to optimize either for high-amplitude sinusoidal wrinkles at micrometre-scale pitches or more complex non-sinusoidal profiles with higher Fourier components at longer pitches. This opens up the possibility of developing rapidly responsive voltage-programmable, polarization-insensitive transmission and reflection diffraction devices and arbitrary surface profile optical devices

    Turbulence anisotropy and the SO(3) description

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    We study strongly turbulent windtunnel flows with controlled anisotropy. Using a recent formalism based on angular momentum and the irreducible representations of the SO(3) rotation group, we attempt to extract this anisotropy from the angular dependence of second-order structure functions. Our instrumentation allows a measurement of both the separation and the angle dependence of the structure function. In axisymmetric turbulence which has a weak anisotropy, this more extended information produces ambiguous results. In more strongly anisotropic shear turbulence, the SO(3) description enables one to find the anisotropy scaling exponent. The key quality of the SO(3) description is that structure functions are a mixture of algebraic functions of the scale with exponents ordered such that the contribution of anisotropies diminishes at small scales. However, we find that in third-order structure functions of homogeneous shear turbulence the anisotropic contribution is always large and of the same order of magnitude as the isotropic part. Our results concern the minimum instrumentation needed to determine the parameters of the SO(3) description, and raise several questions about its ability to describe the angle dependence of high-order structure functions

    Control of a 3-RRR planar parallel robot using fractional order PID controller

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    3-RRR planar parallel robots are utilized for solving precise material-handling problems in industrial automation applications. Thus, robust and stable control is required to deliver high accuracy in comparison to the state of the art. The operation of the mechanism is achieved based on three revolute (3-RRR) joints which are geometrically designed using an open-loop spatial robotic platform. The inverse kinematic model of the system is derived and analyzed by using the geometric structure with three revolute joints. The main variables in our design are the platform base positions, the geometry of the joint angles, and links of the 3-RRR planar parallel robot. These variables are calculated based on Cayley-Menger determinants and bilateration to determine the final position of the platform when moving and placing objects. Additionally, a proposed fractional order proportional integral derivative (FOPID) is optimized using the bat optimization algorithm to control the path tracking of the center of the 3-RRR planar parallel robot. The design is compared with the state of the art and simulated using the Matlab environment to validate the effectiveness of the proposed controller. Furthermore, real-time implementation has been tested to prove that the design performance is practical