30 research outputs found

    THE EFFECT OF SIX WEEKS SPRINT TRAINING ON SERUM ANTIOXIDANT LEVELS IN SOCCER PLAYERS

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    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six week sprint training applied to soccer players on antioxidant levels. Eighteen football players participated voluntarily and six-weekly sprint training was applied. Soccer players were given a 20-m sprint test to determine antioxidant levels before training, and blood samples were taken before and after the test and this were repeated after six weeks. The effects of the training to the antioxidant systems were searched by the estimated the levels of SOD, CAT and MDA on the taken blood samples before and after the sprint training. The statistically significant results were obtained for serum CAT (2,89±0,85 and 8,42±0,81 U/ml) and MDA (16,39±2,66 and 29,10±2,62 mmol/L) (p<0,05) values before and after the sprint test of the athletes at the end of the 6-week sprint training, but there was no statistically significant result despite the difference in SOD (1,74±0,13and 2,49±0,13 U/ml) value. On the other hand statistically significant results were found in serum SOD (1.67±0.36 and 0,88±0,20  U/ml) and CAT (0.15±0.01and 5,25±0,47 U/ml) (p<0,05) values before and after sprint test of athletes, but there was no statistically significant result even though there was a difference in MDA (4.83±0.99 and 3,68±0,77 mmol/L) value. Consequently, making training can cause development on antioxidant defense, and it can affect the antioxidant production.  Article visualizations

    THE EFFECT OF SIX WEEKS SPRINT TRAINING ON SERUM ANTIOXIDANT LEVELS IN SOCCER PLAYERS

    Get PDF
    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six week sprint training applied to soccer players on antioxidant levels. Eighteen football players participated voluntarily and six-weekly sprint training was applied. Soccer players were given a 20-m sprint test to determine antioxidant levels before training, and blood samples were taken before and after the test and this were repeated after six weeks. The effects of the training to the antioxidant systems were searched by the estimated the levels of SOD, CAT and MDA on the taken blood samples before and after the sprint training. The statistically significant results were obtained for serum CAT (2,89┬▒0,85 and 8,42┬▒0,81 U/ml) and MDA (16,39┬▒2,66 and 29,10┬▒2,62 mmol/L) (p<0,05) values before and after the sprint test of the athletes at the end of the 6-week sprint training, but there was no statistically significant result despite the difference in SOD (1,74┬▒0,13and 2,49┬▒0,13 U/ml) value. On the other hand statistically significant results were found in serum SOD (1.67┬▒0.36 and 0,88┬▒0,20 U/ml) and CAT (0.15┬▒0.01and 5,25┬▒0,47 U/ml) (p<0,05) values before and after sprint test of athletes, but there was no statistically significant result even though there was a difference in MDA (4.83┬▒0.99 and 3,68┬▒0,77 mmol/L) value. Consequently, making training can cause development on antioxidant defense, and it can affect the antioxidant production

    Is there any Effect of Core Exercises on Anaerobic Capacity in Female Basketball Players?

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    This study was planned in order to determine the effect of core exercises on anaerobic capacity of female basketball players. Twelve female athletes who play basketball participated in the study voluntarily. The athletes had 3 sets of repetitive core exercise program performed 4 days a week for 8 weeks at the end of their basketball trainings. The height of the athletes was 165 ┬▒ 6.57 cm, body weight was 58.73 ┬▒ 7.42 kg, age was 19.75 ┬▒ 1.05, and athletic age was 6.11 ┬▒ 2.11. According to the analysis of the results, peak power, average power, right and left hand grip strengths and right and left arm fat percentages of post-tests were found to have a statistically significant difference than the pre-tests (p <0.05). To sum up, there are very few studies on the anaerobic capacity of female basketball players, especially on the upper extremities. It is observed that basketball players have a stronger anaerobic capacity in attack and defense and that core exercises have a positive effect on certain basketball-specific technical skills such as passing, shooting, dribbling and defensive movements, and in this sense, they will also increase the performance of the athletes

    The Effects of Core Training on Basketball AthletesÔÇÖ Antioxidant Capacity

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    Core strength is defined as producing or protecting the strength, and putting against a resistance. Exercise can cause free radical formation according to its intensity and duration which increase metabolic processes and oxygen consumption. Oxidative stress, muscle fatigue, muscle damage and its pain because of this increase are related with decreasing physical performance. Purpose of this study was to investigate effects of core training on antioxidant system. Participants of this study were 13 basketball players who accepted to attend voluntarily. Mean heights of participants were 175.73┬▒4.26 and mean weights of them were 63.61┬▒5.48. Group followed 8 weeks core training three times a week and 2 hours for each time. Venous blood samples were taken from participants at the end of first, fourth and eighth week trainings.┬á Samples were analyzed according to Antioxidan(Superoxide Dismutase(SOD), Glutatyon Peroksidaz(Gsh-Px), Catalase(CAT) and Malondialdehyde(MDA) parameters. Data were analyzed with Multivariate ANOVA and bonferroni follow-up tests. Results showed that second and third SOD values were significantly higher than first test SOD value before core training process (F(2)= 7.08, p0.05) and CAT (F(2)= 2.80, p>0.05) values. Moreover, second and third MDA values statistically significant decreased according to MDA first test value (F(2)= 7.43, p<0.05). As a conclusion, core exercises increased oxygen consumption which causes free radical formation. It was determined that detrimental effects of this free radical formation were repressed by increasing SOD activity value and it decreased MDA which is free radical parameters. It is thought that increasing antioxidant level via exercise can effect athletesÔÇÖ performances positively

    Effects of high-intensity interval training program on pituartry function in basketball players: a randomized controlled trial

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    The aim of the study was to determine how the short high-interval training program affects cortisol levels in basketball players. A total of 27 male basketball players volunteered for the study and were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Control Group (CG) (n = 13, mean age; 20,56 ± 1,45 years, mean height; 184,53 ± 6,65 cm) and Experimental Group (EG) (n = 14, mean age; 20,71 ± 2,12 years, mean height; 86,51 ± 8,21 cm). The experimental group received a 7-week interval training program. Blood samples were taken at the beginning and end of the study. Cortisol, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, Triiodothyronine, Tetraiodothyronine, Parathyroid Hormone, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, Insulin, and Glucose levels were measured of the EG and CG. To test the differences between groups and compare the effects of pre and post-intervention, a two-way ANOVA for repeated measures was used. Consequently, the post-test levels of TSH, PTH, and ACTH in the exercise group showed a significant difference when compared to the pre-test values (p = 0.000). Moreover, the post-test levels of Glucose, Cholesterol, Triglyceride, HDL, and Mg in the exercise group showed statistical significance when compared to the pre-test values (p = 0.000). Significant differences were seen in the post-test PTH and ACTH levels of the control group when compared to the pre-test values (p = 0.000). Furthermore, the exercise group showed significant differences in post-test values for HDL and Cholesterol compared to the pre-test (p = 0.000). In addition, when comparing the post-test values and pre-test values of both the exercise group and the control group, it was found that all parameters, with the exception of Ca, exhibited substantial differences in favor of the exercise group. It may be claimed that the implementation of interval training has favorable outcomes on pituitary function parameters. Additionally, the regulation of energy consumption during exercise is favourably influenced, along with the reduction of physiological stress resulting from prolonged exercise

    The effects of specific artistic gymnastic training program on Pete students' balance, strength, and flexibility abilities

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    WOS:000464570500041In Turkey, Institution of Higher Education (Y├ľK) requires physical activity courses which are taught as part of PETE program (Bulca et al, 2012; Y├ľK, 2006). Artistic Gymnastic (AG) course is one of these compulsory courses. Students attending this course need some important motor skillcompetence. If students donÔÇÖt have these skill competences, they are not efficient and productive through course term, even they get injured seriously (Sevim, 2007). Specific training program should be used to prevent injuries and improve their motor skills (Fink, 1985). Aim of this study was to examine effects of specific AG training focused on strength, balance and flexibility variables on PETE students
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