14,608 research outputs found

    Control of lasing in fully chaotic open microcavities by tailoring the shape factor

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    We demonstrate experimentally that lasing in a semiconductor microstadium can be optimized by controlling its shape. Under spatially uniform optical pumping, the first lasing mode in a GaAs microstadium with large major-to-minor-axis ratio usually corresponds to a high-quality scar mode consisting of several unstable periodic orbits. Interference of waves propagating along the constituent orbits may minimize light leakage at particular major-to-minor-axis ratio. By making stadium of the optimum shape, we are able to maximize the mode quality factor and align the mode frequency to the peak of the gain spectrum, thus minimizing the lasing threshold. This work opens the door to control chaotic microcavity lasers by tailoring the shape factor

    Limitations on quantum control

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    In this note we give an introduction to the topic of quantum control, explaining what its objectives are, and describing some of its limitations.Comment: 6 page

    Predictions of spray combustion interactions

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    Mean and fluctuating phase velocities; mean particle mass flux; particle size; and mean gas-phase Reynolds stress, composition and temperature were measured in stationary, turbulent, axisymmetric, and flows which conform to the boundary layer approximations while having well-defined initial and boundary conditions in dilute particle-laden jets, nonevaporating sprays, and evaporating sprays injected into a still air environment. Three models of the processes, typical of current practice, were evaluated. The local homogeneous flow and deterministic separated flow models did not provide very satisfactory predictions over the present data base. In contrast, the stochastic separated flow model generally provided good predictions and appears to be an attractive approach for treating nonlinear interphase transport processes in turbulent flows containing particles (drops)

    Structure of Evaporating and Combusting Sprays: Measurements and Predictions

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    Complete measurements of the structure of nonevaporating, evaporating and combusting sprays for sufficiently well defined boundary conditions to allow evaluation of models of these processes were obtained. The development of rational design methods for aircraft combustion chambers and other devices involving spray combustion were investigated. Three methods for treating the discrete phase are being considered: a locally homogeneous flow (LHF) model, a deterministic separated flow (DSF) model, and a stochastic separated flow (SSF) model. The main properties of these models are summarized

    Criteria for reachability of quantum states

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    We address the question of which quantum states can be inter-converted under the action of a time-dependent Hamiltonian. In particular, we consider the problem applied to mixed states, and investigate the difference between pure and mixed-state controllability introduced in previous work. We provide a complete characterization of the eigenvalue spectrum for which the state is controllable under the action of the symplectic group. We also address the problem of which states can be prepared if the dynamical Lie group is not sufficiently large to allow the system to be controllable.Comment: 14 pages, IoP LaTeX, first author has moved to Cambridge university ([email protected]
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