82 research outputs found

    Entanglement Entropy: A Perturbative Calculation

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    We provide a framework for a perturbative evaluation of the reduced density matrix. The method is based on a path integral in the analytically continued spacetime. It suggests an alternative to the holographic and `standard' replica trick calculations of entanglement entropy. We implement this method within solvable field theory examples to evaluate leading order corrections induced by small perturbations in the geometry of the background and entangling surface. Our findings are in accord with Solodukhin's formula for the universal term of entanglement entropy for four dimensional CFTs.Comment: 28 pages, 3 appendices, 5 figure

    Entanglement Entropy for Relevant and Geometric Perturbations

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    We continue the study of entanglement entropy for a QFT through a perturbative expansion of the path integral definition of the reduced density matrix. The universal entanglement entropy for a CFT perturbed by a relevant operator is calculated to second order in the coupling. We also explore the geometric dependence of entanglement entropy for a deformed planar entangling surface, finding surprises at second order.Comment: 18 pages + appendice

    Universality of fast quenches from the conformal perturbation theory

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    We consider global quantum quenches, a protocol when a continuous field theoretic system in the ground state is driven by a homogeneous time-dependent external interaction. When the typical inverse time scale of the interaction is much larger than all relevant scales except for the UV-cutoff the system's response exhibits universal scaling behavior. We provide both qualitative and quantitative explanations of this universality and argue that physics of the response during and shortly after the quench is governed by the conformal perturbation theory around the UV fixed point. We proceed to calculate the response of one and two-point correlation functions confirming and generalizing universal scalings found previously. Finally, we discuss late time behavior after the quench and argue that all local quantities will equilibrate to their thermal values specified by an excess energy acquired by the system during the quench.Comment: published version, refs added, minor typos corrected, 38 pages, no fgiure

    On fast quenches and spinning correlators

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    We study global quantum quenches in a continuous field theoretic system with UV fixed point. Assuming that the characteristic inverse time scale of the smooth quench is much larger than all scales inherent to the system except for the UV-cutoff, we derive the universal scaling behavior of the two-point correlation functions associated with Dirac fields and spin-1 currents. We argue that in certain regimes our results can be recovered using the technique of operator product expansion.Comment: 28 pages, no figure

    Modification of late time phase structure by quantum quenches

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    The consequences of the sudden change in the coupling constants (quenches) on the phase structure of the theory at late times are explored. We study in detail the three dimensional phi^6 model in the large N limit, and show that the phi^6 coupling enjoys a widened range of stability compared to the static scenario. Moreover, a new massive phase emerges, which for sufficiently large coupling becomes the dominant vacuum. We argue that these novel phenomena cannot be described by a simple thermalization effect or the emergence of a single effective temperature.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figure
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