50 research outputs found

    Genetically Determined Height and Risk of Non-hodgkin Lymphoma

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    Although the evidence is not consistent, epidemiologic studies have suggested that taller adult height may be associated with an increased risk of some non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtypes. Height is largely determined by genetic factors, but how these genetic factors may contribute to NHL risk is unknown. We investigated the relationship between genetic determinants of height and NHL risk using data from eight genome-wide association studies (GWAS) comprising 10,629 NHL cases, including 3,857 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 2,847 follicular lymphoma (FL), 3,100 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and 825 marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) cases, and 9,505 controls of European ancestry. We evaluated genetically predicted height by constructing polygenic risk scores using 833 height-associated SNPs. We used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for association between genetically determined height and the risk of four NHL subtypes in each GWAS and then used fixed-effect meta-analysis to combine subtype results across studies. We found suggestive evidence between taller genetically determined height and increased CLL risk (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.00–1.17, p = 0.049), which was slightly stronger among women (OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.01–1.31, p = 0.036). No significant associations were observed with DLBCL, FL, or MZL. Our findings suggest that there may be some shared genetic factors between CLL and height, but other endogenous or environmental factors may underlie reported epidemiologic height associations with other subtypes

    Genome-wide homozygosity and risk of four non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes

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    AIM: Recessive genetic variation is thought to play a role in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) etiology. Runs of homozygosity (ROH), defined based on long, continuous segments of homozygous SNPs, can be used to estimate both measured and unmeasured recessive genetic variation. We sought to examine genome-wide homozygosity and NHL risk. METHODS: We used data from eight genome-wide association studies of four common NHL subtypes: 3061 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 3814 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 2784 follicular lymphoma (FL), and 808 marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) cases, as well as 9374 controls. We examined the effect of homozygous variation on risk by: (1) estimating the fraction of the autosome containing runs of homozygosity (FROH); (2) calculating an inbreeding coefficient derived from the correlation among uniting gametes (F3); and (3) examining specific autosomal regions containing ROH. For each, we calculated beta coefficients and standard errors using logistic regression and combined estimates across studies using random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: We discovered positive associations between FROH and CLL (ÎČ = 21.1, SE = 4.41, P = 1.6 × 10(-6)) and FL (ÎČ = 11.4, SE = 5.82, P = 0.02) but not DLBCL (P = 1.0) or MZL (P = 0.91). For F3, we observed an association with CLL (ÎČ = 27.5, SE = 6.51, P = 2.4 × 10(-5)). We did not find evidence of associations with specific ROH, suggesting that the associations observed with FROH and F3 for CLL and FL risk were not driven by a single region of homozygosity. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the role of recessive genetic variation in the etiology of CLL and FL; additional research is needed to identify the specific loci associated with NHL risk

    Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies discovers multiple loci for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

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    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a common lymphoid malignancy with strong heritability. To further understand the genetic susceptibility for CLL and identify common loci associated with risk, we conducted a meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS) composed of 3,100 cases and 7,667 controls with follow-up replication in 1,958 cases and 5,530 controls. Here we report three new loci at 3p24.1 (rs9880772, EOMES, P=2.55 × 10(-11)), 6p25.2 (rs73718779, SERPINB6, P=1.97 × 10(-8)) and 3q28 (rs9815073, LPP, P=3.62 × 10(-8)), as well as a new independent SNP at the known 2q13 locus (rs9308731, BCL2L11, P=1.00 × 10(-11)) in the combined analysis. We find suggestive evidence (P<5 × 10(-7)) for two additional new loci at 4q24 (rs10028805, BANK1, P=7.19 × 10(-8)) and 3p22.2 (rs1274963, CSRNP1, P=2.12 × 10(-7)). Pathway analyses of new and known CLL loci consistently show a strong role for apoptosis, providing further evidence for the importance of this biological pathway in CLL susceptibility

    FramgÄngsrik lÀsförstÄelseundervisning : - En systematisk litteraturstudie

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    Flera internationella studier som PIRLS och PISA visar att svenska elever har en allt sÀmre lÀsförstÄelse. LÀsningen pÄ mellanstadiet prÀglas av ett allt större behov av att utveckla lÀsförstÄelse. Den skönlitterÀra lÀsningen krÀver en sÀrskilt sorts lÀsande som kÀnnetecknas av en öppenhet, dÀr lÀsare i högre grad utforskar horisonter och dÀr budskap inte alltid Àr givna. Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie Àr att undersöka hur lÀsförstÄelseundervisning av skönlitteratur kan genomföras pÄ ett framgÄngsrikt sÀtt, för mellanstadieelever i Àmnet svenska. UtgÄngspunkten för studien Àr nio vetenskapliga artiklar som genom tematisk analys har synliggjort tre bÀrande teman: undervisningsmetoder, lÀsförstÄelsestrategier och metakognition. Litteraturstudiens resultat indikerar att förutsÀttningen för en framgÄngsrik undervisning Àr att lÀsförstÄelsestrategier samspelar med en medveten explicit strategiundervisning, dÀr elevers metakognitiva lÀrande Àr centralt, för att de ska bli starka och sjÀlvstÀndiga lÀsare.

    Patient trajectories after diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma—a multistate modelling approach to estimate the chance of lasting remission

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    Background: Achieving lasting remission for at least 2 years is a good indicator for favourable prognosis long term after Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The aim of this study was to provide real-world probabilities, useful in risk communication and clinical decision-making, of the chance for lasting remissions by clinical characteristics. Methods: DLBCL patients in remission after primary treatment recorded in the Swedish Lymphoma register 2007–2014 (n = 2941) were followed for relapse and death using multistate models to study patient trajectories. Flexible parametric models were used to estimate transition rates. Results: At 2 years, 80.7% (95% CI: 79.0–82.2) of the patients were predicted to remain in remission and 13.2% (95% CI: 11.9–14.6) to have relapsed. The relapse risk peaked at 7 months, and the annual decline of patients in remission stabilised after 2 years. The majority of patients in the second remission transitioned into a new relapse. The probability of a lasting remission was reduced by 20.4% units for patients with IPI 4–5 compared to patients with IPI 0–1, and time in remission was shortened by 3.5 months. Conclusion: The long-term prognosis was overall favourable with 80% achieving durable first remissions. However, prognosis varied by clinical subgroups and relapsing patients seldom achieved durable second remissions

    Incidence of relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) including CNS relapse in a population-based cohort of 4243 patients in Sweden

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    We performed a national population-based study of all patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in Sweden in 2007-2014 to assess treatment intent and risk of relapsed/refractory disease, including central nervous system (CNS) relapse, in the presence of competing risks. Overall, 84% of patients started treatment with curative intent (anthracycline-based) (n=3550, median age 69 years), whereas 14% did not (n=594, median age 84 years) (for 2% the intent was uncertain). Patients treated with curative intent had a 5-year OS of 65.3% (95% CI: 63.7-66.9). The median OS among non-curatively treated patients was 2.9 months. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapsed/refractory disease in curative patients was 23.1% (95% CI: 21.7-24.6, n=847). The 2-year cumulative incidence of CNS relapse was 3.0% (95% CI: 2.5-3.6, n=118) overall, and 8.0% (95% CI: 6.0-10.6, n=48) among patients with high CNS-IPI (4-6), when considering other relapse locations and death as competing events. The incidence of relapsed/refractory DLBCL overall and in the CNS was lower than in previous reports, still one in seven patients was not considered fit enough to start standard immunochemotherapy at diagnosis. These results are important for quantification of groups of DLBCL patients with poor prognosis requiring completely different types of interventions

    Late effects in patients with mantle cell lymphoma treated with or without autologous stem cell transplantation

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    Studies on late effects in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are becoming increasingly important as survival is improving, and novel targeted drugs are being introduced. However, knowledge about late effects is limited. The aim of this population-based study was to describe the magnitude and panorama of late effects among patients treated with or without high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HD-ASCT). The study cohort included all patients with MCL, recorded in the Swedish Lymphoma Register, aged 18 to 69 years, diagnosed between 2000 and 2014 (N = 620; treated with HD-ASCT, n = 247) and 1:10 matched healthy comparators. Patients and comparators were followed up via the National Patient Register and Cause of Death Register, from 12 months after diagnosis or matching to December 2017. Incidence rate ratios of the numbers of outpatient visits, hospitalizations, and bed days were estimated using negative binomial regression models. In relation to the matched comparators, the rate of specialist and hospital visits was significantly higher among patients with MCL. Patients with MCL had especially high relative risks of infectious, respiratory, and blood disorders. Within this observation period, no difference in the rate of these complications, including secondary neoplasms, was observed between patients treated with and without HD-ASCT. Most of the patients died from their lymphoma and not from another cause or treatment complication. Taken together, our results imply that most of the posttreatment health care needs are related to the lymphoma disease itself, thus, indicating the need for more efficient treatment options
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