38 research outputs found

    How would tourists use Green Spaces? Case Studies in Lisbon

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    EntretextosThis report provides in a relative condensed format the results of small-scale study undertaken in Lisbon during the Meeting of the CyberParks Project (www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/tud/Actions/TU1306). CyberParks is a COST Action coordinated by the Universidade Lus√≥fona at the CeiED - Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Education and Development. The Project aims at creating a research platform on the relationship between Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and the production of public open spaces, and their relevance to sustainable urban development. The impacts of this relationship are being explored from social, ecological, urban design and technological perspectives. Based on the supposition that the participants of the Meeting are tourists visiting Lisbon, a survey was carried out on the topic how people actually use and how they would use public spaces. This survey is also the first approach to the case study areas chosen in Lisbon: Parque Quinta das Conchas and Jardim da Estrela. Both green spaces will be subject of further studies in the forthcoming years. This study employed (1) a questionnaire for measuring the user‚Äôs experience and preferences, and (2) two different tracking devices that utilise GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems), in our case the GPS for satellite positioning technologies. It also presents the results of a study on the relevance of wi-fi in Lisbon‚Äôs public spaces. Even considering that the surveys in Lisbon‚Äôs green spaces are a first exercise within the work programme of CyberParks they show important outcomes. On the one hand, regarding the technologies used and their potential for research and on the other hand the findings about Lisbon‚Äôs green spaces. It should be noted that the conducted surveys and the gathered data are statistically not representative, but can be characterised as an empirical case and as a showcase, as how tourists tend to use a green space. The results shows that surveys benefit from multiple research methods and from combining insights.Este relat√≥rio apresenta, em formato condensado, os resultados de um estudo de pequena escala realizado em Lisboa durante o Semin√°rio do Projeto CyberParks. CyberParks √© uma A√ß√£o COST coordenada pela Universidade Lus√≥fona/CeiED - Centro de Estudos Interdisciplinares em Educa√ß√£o e Desenvolvimento. O projeto visa a cria√ß√£o de uma plataforma de debate sobre a rela√ß√£o entre as Tecnologias de Informa√ß√£o e Comunica√ß√£o (TIC) e a produ√ß√£o de espa√ßos p√ļblicos, e da sua relev√Ęncia para o desenvolvimento urbano sustent√°vel. Os impactos dessa rela√ß√£o est√£o a ser explorados a partir de perspetivas sociais, ecol√≥gicas, tecnol√≥gicas e de desenho urbano. Na sua etapa explorat√≥ria, este estudo assenta na suposi√ß√£o de que os participantes do Semin√°rio s√£o turistas de visita a Lisboa. A partir dos dados recolhidos pelos investigadores envolvidos na a√ß√£o COST, foi realizada uma an√°lise √† forma como diferentes indiv√≠duos usam, e como poder√£o usar, diferentes espa√ßos p√ļblicos verdes. Este estudo apresenta, portanto, a primeira abordagem √†s √°reas de estudos selecionadas em Lisboa. S√£o elas o Parque Quinta das Conchas e o Jardim da Estrela. Ambos os espa√ßos verdes ser√£o objeto de novos estudos nos pr√≥ximos anos. Neste primeiro estudo explorat√≥rio foram empregues: (1) um question√°rio, para aferir a experi√™ncia de um potencial utilizador e as suas prefer√™ncias, e (2) dois dispositivos diferentes de rastreamento que utilizam tecnologia GNSS (Sistemas de Navega√ß√£o Global por Sat√©lite) e, no nosso caso, o GPS para as tecnologias de posicionamento por sat√©lite. Ele tamb√©m apresenta os resultados de um estudo realizado sobre a relev√Ęncia do wi-fi em espa√ßos p√ļblicos na cidade de Lisboa. Mesmo considerando que os estudos realizados nos espa√ßos verdes representam um primeiro exerc√≠cio no √Ęmbito do programa de trabalho do CyberParks em Lisboa, s√£o aqui revelados resultados importantes. Por um lado, o recurso √†s tecnologias utilizadas e seu potencial para a investiga√ß√£o e, por outro lado, os resultados sobre a viv√™ncia dos espa√ßos verdes. Deve-se notar que os dados recolhidos n√£o s√£o estatisticamente representativos, mas evidenciam um caso emp√≠rico de como turistas tendem a usar um espa√ßo verde urbano. A combina√ß√£o do question√°rio com novos m√©todos digitais resultou num grande ganho de conhecimento, recobrindo as √°reas de estudo sob a perspetiva de um turista, para al√©m de maiores informa√ß√Ķes sobre as potencialidades e limites da tecnologia digital como ferramenta de investiga√ß√£o. Os resultados mostram que a investiga√ß√£o no campo social pode se beneficiar da combina√ß√£o de v√°rios m√©todos e t√©cnicas

    Green spaces ‚Äď a key resources for urban sustainability. The GreenKeys approach for developing green spaces

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    Following the principles of sustainable development all urban development programmes set down ideas and ideals to develop our cities in a more long-lasting way, especially concerning the environment and the social dimension. These programmes result from a process of searching for and then offering a better quality of life. Green space assumes a key role for improving the quality of urban life - not only because of their ecological and environmental functions but also of their relevance for public health, societal well-being and economic benefits they can provide. Urban green spaces are therefore key resources for sustainable cities. Starting with this principle the GreenKeys Project developed a methodology to approach better green space qualities. Then if we are unable to demonstrate effectively the value that green spaces deliver we risk green spaces remaining on the periphery of public policy priorities and unable to attract more resources. The article presents and discusses the results and outcomes of the GreenKeys Project. Especially the GreenKeys proposal for supporting the formulation of an Urban Green Space Strategy is widely discussed

    People, public space, digital technology and social practice : an ethnographic approach

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    Ethnography matters when to provide sustainable and inclusive urban spaces is an issue. Advancing knowledge on the relationship between social practices and public space is therefore crucial. This paper seeks to contribute to widening the debate about this relationship, added now by the phenomenon of penetration of ICT into public spaces. The main goal is to propose a methodological approach to guide the research in the field of urban ethnography. This approach is based, on the one hand, on long experience in ethnographic studies on public spaces, with the goal of identifying the relationship between social practices and the space in the configuration of representations and creation of socio-spatial images, particularly in urban transformation processes. On the other hand, it is based on a detailed analysis of the CyberParks Project objectives. Both allow us to better define the analysis dimensions and to identify their variables. Such framework could be used to guide future ethnographic research to be undertaken in CyberParks and beyond.Funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union.peer-reviewe

    Citizen science and the construction of territorial and collective identity

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    peer reviewedCultural heritage (CH) is also to be understood as a set of symbols that feed contemporary societies. Being in the society‚Äôs core, CH is open to changes and the overlap of meanings [1]. CH embedded in an intrinsic relationship between place and citizen, allows the (re)creation of a collective identity. Collaborative approaches, such as citizen science, co-creation and placemaking open new opportunities for CH enhancement, learning and dissemination. These being related to non-formal education, sociocultural values and reflection on the use and appropriation of the territory are able to position the community to act/react in a timely and efficient manner to emerging challenges [2]. These collaborative approaches are increasingly discussed as they may pave the way for positive engagement, innovation and development agenda. By encompassing a set of social, political and economic processes they enable people iteratively to ‚Äúcreate and recreate the experienced geographies in which they live‚ÄĚ [3]. This contribution brings new experiences to the discussion on the values of processes that set the citizen at the centre of activities, and considers different layers and dimensions of territorial identity, in order to safeguard a public good and the social representation of communities. It intends to debate the capabilities to interpret different content and emotions in valuing a local identity, and for the dissemination and preservation of cultural heritage. The intrinsic relationship between the various means of expression and the local root provides a multidisciplinary approach.COST Action CA18110 Underground Built Heritage as catalyser for Community Community Valorisation (Underground4value

    CyberParks: The interface between people, places and technology

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    This open access book is about public open spaces, about people, and about the relationship between them and the role of technology in this relationship. It is about different approaches, methods, empirical studies, and concerns about a phenomenon that is increasingly being in the centre of sciences and strategies ‚Äď the penetration of digital technologies in the urban space. As the main outcome of the CyberParks Project, this book aims at fostering the understanding about the current and future interactions of the nexus people, public spaces and technology. It addresses a wide range of challenges and multidisciplinary perspectives on emerging phenomena related to the penetration of technology in people‚Äôs lifestyles - affecting therefore the whole society, and with this, the production and use of public spaces. Cyberparks coined the term cyberpark to describe the mediated public space, that emerging type of urban spaces where nature and cybertechnologies blend together to generate hybrid experiences and enhance quality of life

    Aplicação de Azospirillum brasilense e nitrogênio em cobertura em híbridos de milho

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    Corn (Zea mays L.) is the most cultivated cereal in the world. The high yields obtained for this crop are mainly linked to nitrogen requirements. Technologies that aim to reduce costs with nitrogen fertilizers, with less environmental impact, such as diazotrophic bacteria, should be considered an advantageous alternative for this crop. The present study aimed to evaluate two corn hybrids, BioGene 7046¬ģ and Dekalb 310¬ģ, with three topdressing nitrogen doses (0.35 and 70 kg ha-1 of N) associated with four application methods of Azospirillum brasilense (without inoculation, seed inoculation, foliar inoculation, and the combination of inoculation via seeds and leaves). A randomized block design with four replications arranged in a 2x3x4 factorial scheme was used to evaluate variables related to growth and development, physiological analysis of nitrate reductase enzyme activity, and yield variables and their components. The use of Azospirillum brasilense did not affect the development of corn plants and did not increase grain yield. In the edaphoclimatic conditions in which this research was developed, nitrogen fertilization at doses of 35 and 70 kg ha-1 benefit nutrition, development, and corn yield components but are insufficient to increase grain yield.O milho (Zea mays L.) √© o cereal mais cultivado no mundo. As altas produtividades obtidas para esta cultura est√£o ligadas principalmente √†s exig√™ncias ao nitrog√™nio. Tecnologias que visam √† redu√ß√£o dos custos com fertilizantes nitrogenados, com menor impacto ao meio ambiente como a utiliza√ß√£o de bact√©rias diazotr√≥ficas devem ser consideradas uma alternativa vantajosa para esta cultura. Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar dois h√≠bridos de milho BioGene 7046¬ģ e Dekalb 310¬ģ com 3 doses de nitrog√™nio em cobertura (0,35 e 70 kg ha-1 de N) associado com 4 m√©todos de aplica√ß√£o de Azospirillum brasilense (sem inocula√ß√£o, inocula√ß√£o nas sementes, inocula√ß√£o foliar e a combina√ß√£o de inocula√ß√£o via sementes e folhas). Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 4 repeti√ß√Ķes com arranjo fatorial 2x3x4 avaliando-se, as vari√°veis relacionadas ao crescimento e desenvolvimento, an√°lise fisiol√≥gica da atividade da enzima redutase do nitrato e vari√°veis do rendimento e seus componentes. O uso de Azospirillum brasilense n√£o teve efeito no desenvolvimento das plantas de milho e n√£o incrementou a produtividade de gr√£os. Nas condi√ß√Ķes edafoclim√°ticas em que foi desenvolvida essa pesquisa a aduba√ß√£o nitrogenada nas doses de 35 e 70 kg ha-1 beneficiam a nutri√ß√£o, o desenvolvimento e os componentes da produ√ß√£o do milho, por√©m n√£o s√£o suficientes para proporcionar incrementos na produtividade de gr√£os

    Kleingärten um componente da infraestrutura urbana: aspectos urbanísticos, ecológicos esociais dos jardins arrendados na Alemanha Allotment gardens a component of green infrastructure: allotment gardens in Germany and their urban, ecological and social aspects

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    O presente trabalho traz a conceitua√ß√£o dos chamados kleing√§rten, um sistema de jardins arrendados, presentes nas cidades alem√£s, e enfoca o seu relevante car√°ter social, bem como o seu potencial na integra√ß√£o √† infraestrutura de espa√ßos verdes, como uma alternativa para melhorar a qualidade do ambiente urbano.Esses espa√ßos, que poder√≠amos chamar de pulm√Ķes verdes, pertencem, na maioria dos casos, √†s prefeituras, que os arrendam a associa√ß√Ķes de pessoas que queiram plantar verduras, √°rvores frut√≠feras e flores.O movimento para a implementa√ß√£o desses jardins, sustentado por uma estrutura institucional, surgiu inicialmente para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos oper√°rios nas grandes cidades industriais. Hoje, quase 150 anos mais tarde, o movimento se transformou em uma manifesta√ß√£o cultural, por oferecer uma op√ß√£o de lazer e recrea√ß√£o ao ar livre para uma boa parte da popula√ß√£o e por ser um elemento marcante da paisagem urbana na Alemanha. Isso faz com que os kleing√§rten, pela sua natureza utilit√°ria, seu interesse paisag√≠stico e urban√≠stico e sua for√ßa pol√≠tica, justifiquem um estudo mais aprofundado

    Kleingärten: um componente da infraestrutura urbana: aspectos urbanísticos, ecológicos e sociais dos jardins arrendados na Alemanha

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    O presente trabalho traz a conceitua√ß√£o dos chamados kleing√§rten, um sistema de jardins arrendados, presentes nas cidades alem√£s, e enfoca o seu relevante car√°ter social, bem como o seu potencial na integra√ß√£o √† infraestrutura de espa√ßos verdes, como uma alternativa para melhorar a qualidade do ambiente urbano. Esses espa√ßos, que poder√≠amos chamar de pulm√Ķes verdes, pertencem, na maioria dos casos, √†s prefeituras, que os arrendam a associa√ß√Ķes de pessoas que queiram plantar verduras, √°rvores frut√≠feras e flores. O movimento para a implementa√ß√£o desses jardins, sustentado por uma estrutura institucional, surgiu inicialmente para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos oper√°rios nas grandes cidades industriais. Hoje, quase 150 anos mais tarde, o movimento se transformou em uma manifesta√ß√£o cultural, por oferecer uma op√ß√£o de lazer e recrea√ß√£o ao ar livre para uma boa parte da popula√ß√£o e por ser um elemento marcante da paisagem urbana na Alemanha. Isso faz com que os kleing√§rten, pela sua natureza utilit√°ria, seu interesse paisag√≠stico e urban√≠stico e sua for√ßa pol√≠tica, justifiquem um estudo mais aprofundado
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