286 research outputs found

    Nature and number of distinct phases in the random field Ising model

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    We investigate the phase structure of the random-field Ising model with a bimodal random field distribution. Our aim is to test for the possibility of an equilibrium spin-glass phase, and for replica symmetry breaking (RSB) within such a phase. We study a low-temperature region where the spin-glass phase is thought to occur, but which has received little numerical study to date. We use the exchange Monte-Carlo technique to acquire equilibrium information about the model, in particular the P(q)P(q) distribution and the spectrum of eigenvalues of the spin-spin correlation matrix (which tests for the presence of RSB). Our studies span the range in parameter space from the ferromagnetic to the paramagnetic phase. We find however no convincing evidence for any equilibrium glass phase, with or without RSB, between these two phases. Instead we find clear evidence (principally from the P(q)P(q) distribution) that there are only two phases at this low temperature, with a discontinuity in the magnetization at the transition like that seen at other temperatures.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figures, submitted to PRB, original submission had fig4 and fig5 not readable. No changes have been mad

    Disorder and interactions in quantum Hall ferromagnets: effects of disorder in Skyrmion physics

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    We present a Hartree-Fock study of the competition between disorder and interactions in quantum Hall ferromagnets near ν=1\nu=1. We find that the ground state at ν=1\nu=1 evolves with increasing interaction strength from a quasi-metallic paramagnet, to a partially spin-polarized ferromagnetic Anderson insulator, and to a fully spin-polarized ferromagnet with a charge gap. Away from ν=1\nu=1, the ground state evolves from a conventional Anderson insulator, to a conventional quasiparticle glass, and finally to a ferromagnetic Skyrmion quasiparticle glass. These different regimes can be measured in low-temperature transport and NMR experiments. We present calculations for the NMR spectra in different disorder regimes.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, proceedings for EP2DS-14, Prague 200

    Thermodynamic Magnon Recoil for Domain Wall Motion

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    We predict a thermodynamic magnon recoil effect for domain wall motions in the presence of temperature gradients. All current thermodynamic theories assert that a magnetic domain wall must move toward the hotter side, based on equilibrium thermodynamic arguments. Microscopic calculations on the other hand show that a domain wall can move either along or against the direction of heat currents, depending on how strong the heat currents are reflected by the domain wall. We have resolved the inconsistency between these two approaches by augmenting the theory in the presence of thermal gradients by incorporating in the free energy of domain walls by a heat current term present in nonequilibrium steady states. The condition to observe a domain wall propagation toward the colder regime is derived analytically and can be tested by future experiments.Comment: Submitted with revision

    Hybrid skew scattering regime of the anomalous Hall effect in Rashba systems: unifying Keldysh, Boltzmann, and Kubo formalisms

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    We present the analytical description of the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in a 2DEG ferromagnet within the Keldysh formalism. These results unify all three linear response approaches to anomalous Hall transport and close a long standing debate. We are able to identify a new extrinsic AHE regime dominated by a hybrid skew scattering mechanism. This new contribution is inversely proportional to the impurity concentration, resembling the normal skew scattering, {\em but} independent of the impurity-strength, resembling the side-jump mechanism. Within the Kubo formalism this regime is captured by higher order diagrams which, although weak, dominate when both subbands are occupied; this regime can be detected by variable remote doping experiments that we describe.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure