42 research outputs found

    Atypical Development of Children from Multicultural Families in Korean Rural Areas

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    AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore overall developmental status of young children from multicultural families. 290 kindergarten children were involved (147 from multicultural families and 143 from typical Korean families). The result indicated significantly lower levels of performance on overall development of children from multicultural families than children from typical Korean families. It also suggested that delayed language development of children from multicultural families negatively affected their cognitive development, which then influenced higher aggression indirectly through their low self-respect and low self-control. These findings indicated latent atypical development of children from multicultural families

    Littoral Cell Angioma (LCA) Associated with Liver Cirrhosis

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    A littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare benign vascular tumor of the spleen. A 60-year-old man, with multiple nodules in imaging study and liver cirrhosis graded as Child-Pugh classification class A, was transferred for splenomegaly. A thrombocytopenia was found on hematological evaluation. Because there was no evidence of hematological and visceral malignancy, a splenectomy was performed for a definitive diagnosis. The histological and immunohistochemical features of the splenic specimens were consistent with a LCA. After the splenectomy, the thrombocytopenia recovered to the normal platelet count. There has been no previous report of a LCA combined with liver cirrhosis. Herein, the first case of a LCA in Korea, diagnosed and treated by a splenectomy, is reported

    Gel-type autologous chondrocyte (Chondron™) implantation for treatment of articular cartilage defects of the knee

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Gel-type autologous chondrocyte (Chondron™) implantations have been used for several years without using periosteum or membrane. This study involves evaluations of the clinical results of Chondron™ at many clinical centers at various time points during the postoperative patient follow-up.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>Data from 98 patients with articular cartilage injury of the knee joint and who underwent Chondron™ implantation at ten Korean hospitals between January 2005 and November 2008, were included and were divided into two groups based on the patient follow-up period, i.e. 13~24-month follow-up and greater than 25-month follow-up. The telephone Knee Society Score obtained during telephone interviews with patients, was used as the evaluation tool.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>On the tKSS-A (telephone Knee Society Score-A), the score improved from 43.52 ± 20.20 to 89.71 ± 13.69 (P < 0.05), and on the tKSS-B (telephone Knee Society Score-B), the score improved from 50.66 ± 20.05 to 89.38 ± 15.76 (P < 0.05). The total improvement was from 94.18 ± 31.43 to 179.10 ± 24.69 (P < 0.05).</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Gel-type autologous chondrocyte implantation for chondral knee defects appears to be a safe and effective method for both decreasing pain and improving knee function.</p

    New stepwise potentiostatic charge protocol for preventing dendrite formations in Li metal batteries

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    Here, we report a new charge protocol for dendrite-free Li-metal battery based on the understanding the effects of over-potential on Li dendritic growth. We demonstrate that when a large over-potential is applied, the deposited Li metal shows a needle-like morphology even though a current density of a cell does not reach the limiting current density. This clearly indicates over-potential leads to the early formation of space charge region near a negative electrode, and thereby the Li dendritic growth can be easily triggered. As a result, control of the over-potential is very important for dendrite-free Li metal batteries. Through this understanding, we propose a new stepwise potentiostatic charge protocol that can keep the over-potential below a certain critical value. By applying new charge protocol, we clearly demonstrate that Ni-rich layered materials can be fully utilized without triggering the Li dendritic growth. The understanding and finding provide a novel guideline and stimulate further research to develop ways to safely operate high energy density Li metal battery. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.11Nsciescopu

    Removal of Sawdust Aspiration and Anesthetic Management: A case report

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    Cross-protection against Vibrio cholerae infection by monoclonal antibodies against Vibrio vulnificus RtxA1/MARTX(Vv)

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    Gram-negative Vibrio species secrete multifunctional autoprocessing repeats-in-toxin (MARTX) toxins associated with bacterial pathogenesis. Here, the cross-reactivity and cross-protectivity of mAbs against V. vulnificus RtxA1/MARTXVv was evaluated. Passive administration of any of these mAbs (21RA, 24RA, 46RA, 47RA and 50RA) provided strong protection against lethal V. cholerae infection. Interestingly, 24RA and 46RA, which map to the cysteine protease domain of V. cholerae MARTXVc, inhibited CPD autocleavage in vitro; this process is involved in V. cholerae pathogenesis. These results generate new insight into the development of broadly protective mAbs and/or vaccines against Vibrio species with MARTX toxins. © 2016 The Societies and John Wiley &amp; Sons Australia, Ltd

    Does the bile duct angulation affect recurrence of choledocholithiasis?

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    AIM: To investigate whether bile duct angulation and T-tube choledochostomy influence the recurrence of choledocholithiasis
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