7 research outputs found

    Comparison of variations detection between whole-genome amplification methods used in single-cell resequencing

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    Background: Single-cell resequencing (SCRS) provides many biomedical advances in variations detection at the single-cell level, but it currently relies on whole genome amplification (WGA). Three methods are commonly used for WGA: multiple displacement amplification (MDA), degenerate-oligonucleotide-primed PCR (DOP-PCR) and multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycles (MALBAC). However, a comprehensive comparison of variations detection performance between these WGA methods has not yet been performed. Results: We systematically compared the advantages and disadvantages of different WGA methods, focusing particularly on variations detection. Low-coverage whole-genome sequencing revealed that DOP-PCR had the highest duplication ratio, but an even read distribution and the best reproducibility and accuracy for detection of copy-number variations (CNVs). However, MDA had significantly higher genome recovery sensitivity (~84 %) than DOP-PCR (~6 %) and MALBAC (~52 %) at high sequencing depth. MALBAC and MDA had comparable single-nucleotide variations detection efficiency, false-positive ratio, and allele drop-out ratio. We further demonstrated that SCRS data amplified by either MDA or MALBAC from a gastric cancer cell line could accurately detect gastric cancer CNVs with comparable sensitivity and specificity, including amplifications of 12p11.22 (KRAS) and 9p24.1 (JAK2, CD274, and PDCD1LG2). Conclusions: Our findings provide a comprehensive comparison of variations detection performance using SCRS amplified by different WGA methods. It will guide researchers to determine which WGA method is best suited to individual experimental needs at single-cell level

    Molecular Subtyping and Prognostic Assessment Based on Tumor Mutation Burden in Patients with Lung Adenocarcinomas

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    The distinct molecular subtypes of lung cancer are defined by monogenic biomarkers, such as EGFR, KRAS, and ALK rearrangement. Tumor mutation burden (TMB) is a potential biomarker for response to immunotherapy, which is one of the measures for genomic instability. The molecular subtyping based on TMB has not been well characterized in lung adenocarcinomas in the Chinese population. Here we performed molecular subtyping based on TMB with the published whole exome sequencing data of 101 lung adenocarcinomas and compared the different features of the classified subtypes, including clinical features, somatic driver genes, and mutational signatures. We found that patients with lower TMB have a longer disease-free survival, and higher TMB is associated with smoking and aging. Analysis of somatic driver genes and mutational signatures demonstrates a significant association between somatic RYR2 mutations and the subtype with higher TMB. Molecular subtyping based on TMB is a potential prognostic marker for lung adenocarcinoma. Signature 4 and the mutation of RYR2 are highlighted in the TMB-High group. The mutation of RYR2 is a significant biomarker associated with high TMB in lung adenocarcinoma

    Tumor heterogeneity assessed by sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) data

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    MOTIVATION: Computational reconstruction of clonal evolution in cancers has become a crucial tool for understanding how tumors initiate and progress and how this process varies across patients. The field still struggles, however, with special challenges of applying phylogenetic methods to cancers, such as the prevalence and importance of copy number alteration (CNA) and structural variation events in tumor evolution, which are difficult to profile accurately by prevailing sequencing methods in such a way that subsequent reconstruction by phylogenetic inference algorithms is accurate. RESULTS: In this work, we develop computational methods to combine sequencing with multiplex interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization to exploit the complementary advantages of each technology in inferring accurate models of clonal CNA evolution accounting for both focal changes and aneuploidy at whole-genome scales. By integrating such information in an integer linear programming framework, we demonstrate on simulated data that incorporation of FISH data substantially improves accurate inference of focal CNA and ploidy changes in clonal evolution from deconvolving bulk sequence data. Analysis of real glioblastoma data for which FISH, bulk sequence and single cell sequence are all available confirms the power of FISH to enhance accurate reconstruction of clonal copy number evolution in conjunction with bulk and optionally single-cell sequence data. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: Source code is available on Github at https://github.com/CMUSchwartzLab/FISH_deconvolution. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online

    1D-Reactor Decentralized MDA for Uniform and Accurate Whole Genome Amplification

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    Multiple displacement amplification (MDA), a most popular isothermal whole genome amplification (WGA) method, suffers the major hurdle of highly uneven amplification, thus, leading to many problems in approaching biological applications related to copy-number assessment. In addition to the optimization of reagents and conditions, complete physical separation of the entire reaction system into numerous tiny chambers or droplets using microfluidic devices, has been proven efficient to mitigate this amplifying bias in recent works. Here, we present another MDA advance, microchannel MDA (őľcMDA), which decentralizes MDA reagents throughout a one-dimensional slender tube. Due to the double effect from soft partition of high molecular-weight DNA molecules and less-limited diffusion of small particles, őľcMDA is shown to be significantly effective at improving the amplification uniformity, which enables us to accurately detect single nucleotide variants (SNVs) with higher efficiency and sensitivity. More importantly, this straightforward method requires neither customized instruments nor complicated operations, making it a ready-to-use technique in almost all biological laboratories
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