15 research outputs found

    Understanding Factors Associated With Psychomotor Subtypes of Delirium in Older Inpatients With Dementia

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    Neuronal temperature perception induces specific defenses that enable C. elegans to cope with the enhanced reactivity of hydrogen peroxide at high temperature

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    Hydrogen peroxide is the most common reactive chemical that organisms face on the microbial battlefield. The rate with which hydrogen peroxide damages biomolecules required for life increases with temperature, yet little is known about how organisms cope with this temperature-dependent threat. Here, we show that Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes use temperature information perceived by sensory neurons to cope with the temperature-dependent threat of hydrogen peroxide produced by the pathogenic bacterium Enterococcus faecium. These nematodes preemptively induce the expression of specific hydrogen peroxide defenses in response to perception of high temperature by a pair of sensory neurons. These neurons communicate temperature information to target tissues expressing those defenses via an insulin/IGF1 hormone. This is the first example of a multicellular organism inducing their defenses to a chemical when they sense an inherent enhancer of the reactivity of that chemical

    Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease in practice: results of the survey by the Italian Neurosurgery Society

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    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a safe ad effective treatment for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and many centers of Neurosurgery in Italy have a DBS program. Considering the prevalence of PD and criteria for DBS implantation, about 3200-10350 PD patients may benefit from DBS in Italy. The global management of patients underwent DBS is complex and it can be supposed that many differences exist between centers in clinical practice. The Italian Neurosurgery Society (SINch) designed this survey to investigate the state of the art of DBS for PD in Italy

    European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part III: behavioural and psychosocial interventions

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    This clinical guideline provides recommendations for the behavioural and psychosocial interventions (BPI) of children and adolescents with tic disorders prepared by a working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS). A systematic literature search was conducted to obtain an update on the efficacy of BPI for tics. Relevant studies were identified using computerised searches of the Medline and PsycINFO databases and the Cochrane Library for the years 1950-2010. The search identified no meta-analyses, yet twelve (systematic) reviews and eight randomised controlled trials provided evidence for the current review. Most evidence was found for habit reversal training (HRT) and the available but smaller evidence also supports the efficacy of exposure with response prevention (ERP). Both interventions are considered first line behavioural treatments for tics for both children and adults and should be offered to a patient, taking into account his preference. Treatments that are considered second line or add-on behavioural treatments are contingency management, function based interventions and relaxation training. Neurofeedback is still experimental. Almost no research was identified that examined the efficacy of psychosocial interventions, e.g., psychoeducation and group work. Based on clinical practice, this guideline recommends behavioural treatment as first line offer to patients in most cases. It should be embedded within a psychoeducational and supportive context and can be combined with drug treatment

    European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders. Part I: Assessment

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    A working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS) has developed the first European assessment guidelines of Tourette Syndrome (TS). The available literature including national guidelines was thoroughly screened and extensively discussed in the expert group of ESSTS members. Detailed clinical assessment guidelines of tic disorders and their comorbidities in both children and adults are presented. Screening methods that might be helpful and necessary for specialists' differential diagnosis process are suggested in order to further analyse cognitive abilities, emotional functions and motor skills. Besides clinical interviews and physical examination, additional specific tools (questionnaires, checklists and neuropsychological tests) are recommended

    European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part IV: Deep brain stimulation

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    Ten years ago deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been introduced as an alternative and promising treatment option for patients suffering from severe Tourette syndrome (TS). It seemed timely to develop a European guideline on DBS by a working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS). For a narrative review a systematic literature search was conducted and expert opinions of the guidelines group contributed also to the suggestions. Of 63 patients reported so far in the literature 59 had a beneficial outcome following DBS with moderate to marked tic improvement. However, randomized controlled studies including a larger number of patients are still lacking. Although persistent serious adverse effects (AEs) have hardly been reported, surgery-related (e.g., bleeding, infection) as well as stimulation-related AEs (e.g., sedation, anxiety, altered mood, changes in sexual function) may occur. At present time, DBS in TS is still in its infancy. Due to both different legality and practical facilities in different European countries these guidelines, therefore, have to be understood as recommendations of experts. However, among the ESSTS working group on DBS in TS there is general agreement that, at present time, DBS should only be used in adult, treatment resistant, and severely affected patients. It is highly recommended to perform DBS in the context of controlled trials

    Towards a common language in neurosurgical outcome evaluation: the NEON (NEurosurgical Outcome Network) proposal

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    Towards a common language in neurosurgical outcome evaluation: the NEON (NEurosurgical Outcome Network) proposal

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    BACKGROUNDňź To achieve a consensus on the minimum set of outcome measures and predictors to be used in the neurosurgical practice and on the timing of outcome assessment. METHODSňź A consensus building approach was employed. All neurosurgical departments in Lombardy (Italy) were invited to participate by the Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta. Three workshops were organized during which a multidisciplinary group called Neurosurgical Outcome Network (NEON) was created and the methodology to select outcome measures, predictors, and timing of outcome assessment was established. Eight working groups were created for the different neurosurgical diseases (neuro-oncological, skull base, vascular, traumatic, spinal, peripheral nervous system, malformation, functional) and 8 workshops were organized to identify the outcome measures and predictors specific for each of the neurosurgical diseases based on the experts‚Äô clinical practice and the existing literature. RESULTSňź A total of 20 neurosurgical departments participated in this study. Specific outcome measures, predictors and the timing of outcome assessment were identified for each of the 8 neurosurgical diseases. Moreover, a list of variables common to all pathologies were identified by the NEON group as further data to be collected. CONCLUSIONSňź A consensus on the minimum set of outcome measures and predictors and the timing of outcome assessments for 8 neurosurgical diseases was achieved by a group of neurosurgeons of the Lombardy region, called NEON. These sets could be used in future studies for a more homogeneous data collection and as a starting point to reach further agreement also at national and international level

    Correction to: Major adverse cardiovascular events in non-valvular atrial fibrillation with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the ARAPACIS study (Internal and Emergency Medicine, (2018), 13, 5, (651-660), 10.1007/s11739-018-1835-9)

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    In the original publication, one of the ARAPACIS collaborators Dr. ‚ÄúLeonardo Di Gennaro‚ÄĚ name has been erroneously mentioned as ‚ÄúLeonardo De Gennaro‚ÄĚ

    Carotid plaque detection improves the predictve value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrilation: The ARAPACIS Study

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    none384noneBasili, Stefania; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Pastori, Daniele; Proieti, Marco; Farcomeni, Alessio; Vesti, Anna Rta; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Davì, Giovanni; Hiatt, William R.; Lip, Gregory Y.H.; Corazza, Gino R.; Perticone, Francesco; Violi, Francesco*; Alessandri, C.; Serviddio, G.; Fascetti, S.; Palange, P.; Greco, E.; Bruno, G.; Averna, M.; Giammanco, A.; Sposito, P.; De Cristofaro, R.; De Gennaro, L.; Carulli, L.; Pellegrini, E.; Cominacini, L.; Mozzini, C.; Pasini, A.F.; Sprovieri, M.; Spagnuolo, V.; Cerqua, G.; Cerasola, G.; Mule, G.; Barbagallo, M.; Lo Sciuto, S.; Monteverde, A.; Saitta, A.; Lo Gullo, A.; Malatino, L.; Ciia, C.; Terranova, V.; Pisano, M.; Pinto, A.; Di Raimondo, D.; Tuttolomondo, A.; Conigliaro, R.; Signorelli, S.; De Palma, D.; Galderisi, M.; Cudemo, G.; Galletti, F.; Fazio, V.; De Luca, N.; Meccariello, A.; Caputo, D.; De Donato, M.T.; Iannuzi, A.; Bresciani, A.; Giunta, R.; Utili, R.; Iorio, V.; Adinolfi, L.E.; Sellitto, C.; Iuliano, N.; Bellis, P.; Tirelli, P.; Sacerdoti, D.; Vanni, D.; Iuliano, L.; Ciacciarelli, M.; Pacelli, A.; Palazzuoli, A.; Cacciafesta, M.; Gueli, N.; Lo Iacono, G.; Brusco, S.; Verrusio, W.; Nobili, L.; Tarquinio, N.; Pellegrini, F.; Vincentelli, G.M.; Ravallese, F.; Santini, C.; Letizia, C.; Petramala, L.; Zinnamosca, L.; Minisola, S.; Cilli, M.; Savoriti, C.; Colangelo, L.; Falaschi, P.; Martocchia, A.; Pastore, F.; Bertazzoni, G.; Attalla El Halabieh, E.; Paradiso, M.; Lizzi, E.M.; Timmi, S.; Battisti, P.; Cerci, S.; Ciavolella, M.; Di Veroli, C.; Malei, F.; De Ciocchis, A.; Abate, D.; Castellino, P.; Zanoli, L.; Fidone, F.; Mannarino, E.T.; Pasqualini, L.; Oliverio, G.; Pende, A.; Aitom, N.; Ricchio, R.; Fimognari, F.L.; Alletto, M.; Messina, S.; Sesti, G.; Arturi, F.; Fiorentino, T.V.; Pedace, E.; Scarpino, P.E.; Carullo, G.; Maio, R.; Sciacqua, A.; Frugiuele, P.; Spagnuolo, V.; Battaglia, G.; Atzori, S.; Delitala, G.; Angelucci, E.; Sestili, S.; Traisci, G.; De Feudis, L.; Di Michèle, D.; Fava, A.; Balsano, C.; De Ciantis, P.; Desideri, G.; Camerota, A.; Mezzetti, M.; Gresele, P.; Vedovati, C.; Fierro, T.; Puccetti, L.; Bertolotti, M.; Mussi, C.; Boddi, M.; Savino, A.; Contri, S.; Degl'Innocenti, G.; Sailer, A.; Fabris, F.; Pesavento, R.; Filippi, L.; Vedovetto, V.; Puato, M.; Fabris, F.; Treleani, M.; De Luca, E.; De Zaiacomo, F.; Giantin, V.; Semplicini, A.; Minuz, P.; Romano, S.; Fantin, F.; Manica, A.; Stockner, I.; Pattis, P.; Gutmann, B.; Catena, C.; Colussi, G.; Sechi, L.A.; Annoni, G.; Bruni, A.A.; Castagna, A.; Spinelli, D.; Miceli, E.; Paduia, D.; Schinco, G.; Spreafico, S.; Secchi, B.; Vanoli, M.; Casella, G.; Pulixi, E.A.; Sansone, L.; Serra, M.G.; Longo, S.; Antonaci, S.; Belfiäore, A.; Frualdo, M.; Palasciano, G.; Ricci, L.; Ventrella, F.; Bianco, C.; Santovito, D.; Cipollone, F.; Nicolai, S.; Salvati, F.; Rini, G.B.; Scozzari, F.; Muiesan, M.L.; Salvetti, M.; Bazza, A.; Picardi, A.; Vespasiani-Gentilucci, U.; De Vincentis, A.; Cosio, P.; Terzolo, M.; Madaffari, B.; Parasporo, B.; Fenoglio, L.; Bracco, C.; Melchio, R.; Gentili, T.; Salvi, A.; Nitti, C.; Gabrielli, A.; Martino, G.P.; Capucci, A.; Brambatti, M.; Sparagna, A.; Tirotta, D.; Andreozzi, P.; Ettorre, E.; Viscogliosi, G.; Servello, A.; Musumeci, M.; Rossi Fanelli, F.; Delfino, M.; Giorgi, A.; Glorioso, N.; Melis, G.; Marras, G.; Matta, M.; Sacco, A.; Stellitano, E.; Scordo, A.; Russo, F.; Caruso, A.A.; Porreca, E.; Tana, M.; Ferri, C.; Cheli, P.; Portincasa, P.; Muscianisi, G.; Giordani, S.; Stanghellini, V.; Sabbà, C.; Mancuso, G.; Bartone, M.; Calipari, D.; Arcidiacono, G.; Bellanuova, I.; Ferraro, M.; Marigliano, G.; Cozzolino, D.; Lampitella, A.; Acri, V.; Galasso, D.; Mazzei, F.; Galasso, S.; Buratti, A.; Porta, M.; Brizzi, M.F.; Fattorini, A.; Sampietro, F.; D'Angelo, A.; Manfredini, R.; Pala, M.; Fabbian, F.; Moroni, C.; Valente, L.; Lopreiato, F.; Parente, F.; Granata, M.; Moia, M.; Braham, S.; Rossi, M.; Pesce, M.; Gentile, A.; Catozzo, V.; Baciarello, G.; Cosimati, A.; Ageno, W.; Rancan, E.; Guasti, L.; Ciccaglioni, A.; Negri, S.; Polselli, M.; Prisco, D.; Marcucci, R.; Ferro, D.; Cangemi, R.; Perri, L.; Polimeni, L.; Catasca, E.; Vicario, T.; Russo, R.; Saliola, M.; Del Ben, M.; Ange-lico, F.; Calvieri, C.; Bucci, T.; Baratta, F.; Migliacci, R.; Porciello, G.; Corrao, S.; Pignataro, F.S.; Napoleone, L.; Talerico, G.; Amoroso, D.; Romiti, G.F.; Ruscio, E.; Toriello, F.; Todisco, T.; Di Tanna, G.; Saccheti, M.L.; Puddu, P.E.; Anzaldi, M.; Bazzini, C.; Bianchi, P.I.; Boari, B.; Bracco, G.; Buonauro, A.; Butta, C.; Buzzetti, E.; Calabria, S.; Capeci, W.; Caradio, F.; Carleo, P.; Carrabba, M.D.; Castorani, L.; Cecchetto, L.; Cicco, S.; Cimini, C.; Colombo, B.M.; De Giorgi, A.; De Vuono, S.; Del Corso, L.; Denegri, A.; Di Giosia, P.; Durante Mangoni, E.; Falsetti, L.; Forgione, A.; Giorgini, P.; Grassi, D.; Grembiale, A.; Hijazi, D.; Iamele, L.; Lorusso, G.; Marchese, A.; Marra, A.M.; Masala, M.; Miceli, G.; Montebianco Abenavoli, L.; Murgia, G.; Naccarato, P.; Paduia, D.; Pattoneri, P.; Perego, F.; Pesce, P.; Piano, S.; Pinna, M.; Pinto, D.; Pretti, V.; Pucci, G.; Raparelli, V.; Salinaro, F.; Salzano, A.; Santilli, F.; Scarpini, F.; Scicali, R.; Sirico, D.; Suppressa, P.; Talia, M.; Tassone, E.J.; Torres, D.; Vazzana, N.; Vecchio, C.R.; Vidili, G.; Vitale, F.; Zaccone, V.Basili, Stefania; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Pastori, Daniele; Proieti, Marco; Farcomeni, Alessio; Vesti, Anna Rta; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Davì, Giovanni; Hiatt, William R.; Lip, Gregory Y. H.; Corazza, Gino R.; Perticone, Francesco; Violi, Francesco; Alessandri, C.; Serviddio, G.; Fascetti, S.; Palange, P.; Greco, E.; Bruno, G.; Averna, M.; Giammanco, A.; Sposito, P.; De Cristofaro, R.; De Gennaro, L.; Carulli, L.; Pellegrini, E.; Cominacini, L.; Mozzini, C.; Pasini, A. F.; Sprovieri, M.; Spagnuolo, V.; Cerqua, G.; Cerasola, G.; Mule, G.; Barbagallo, M.; Lo Sciuto, S.; Monteverde, A.; Saitta, A.; Lo Gullo, A.; Malatino, L.; Ciia, C.; Terranova, V.; Pisano, M.; Pinto, A.; Di Raimondo, D.; Tuttolomondo, A.; Conigliaro, R.; Signorelli, S.; De Palma, D.; Galderisi, M.; Cudemo, G.; Galletti, F.; Fazio, V.; De Luca, N.; Meccariello, A.; Caputo, D.; De Donato, M. T.; Iannuzi, A.; Bresciani, A.; Giunta, R.; Utili, R.; Iorio, V.; Adinolfi, L. E.; Sellitto, C.; Iuliano, N.; Bellis, P.; Tirelli, P.; Sacerdoti, D.; Vanni, D.; Iuliano, L.; Ciacciarelli, M.; Pacelli, A.; Palazzuoli, A.; Cacciafesta, M.; Gueli, N.; Lo Iacono, G.; Brusco, S.; Verrusio, W.; Nobili, L.; Tarquinio, N.; Pellegrini, F.; Vincentelli, G. M.; Ravallese, F.; Santini, C.; Letizia, C.; Petramala, L.; Zinnamosca, L.; Minisola, S.; Cilli, M.; Savoriti, C.; Colangelo, L.; Falaschi, P.; Martocchia, A.; Pastore, F.; Bertazzoni, G.; Attalla El Halabieh, E.; Paradiso, M.; Lizzi, E. M.; Timmi, S.; Battisti, P.; Cerci, S.; Ciavolella, M.; Di Veroli, C.; Malei, F.; De Ciocchis, A.; Abate, D.; Castellino, P.; Zanoli, L.; Fidone, F.; Mannarino, E. T.; Pasqualini, L.; Oliverio, G.; Pende, A.; Aitom, N.; Ricchio, R.; Fimognari, F. L.; Alletto, M.; Messina, S.; Sesti, G.; Arturi, F.; Fiorentino, T. V.; Pedace, E.; Scarpino, P. E.; Carullo, G.; Maio, R.; Sciacqua, A.; Frugiuele, P.; Spagnuolo, V.; Battaglia, G.; Atzori, S.; Delitala, G.; Angelucci, E.; Sestili, S.; Traisci, G.; De Feudis, L.; Di Michèle, D.; Fava, A.; Balsano, C.; De Ciantis, P.; Desideri, G.; Camerota, A.; Mezzetti, M.; Gresele, P.; Vedovati, C.; Fierro, T.; Puccetti, L.; Bertolotti, M.; Mussi, C.; Boddi, M.; Savino, A.; Contri, S.; Degl'Innocenti, G.; Sailer, A.; Fabris, F.; Pesavento, R.; Filippi, L.; Vedovetto, V.; Puato, M.; Fabris, F.; Treleani, M.; De Luca, E.; De Zaiacomo, F.; Giantin, V.; Semplicini, A.; Minuz, P.; Romano, S.; Fantin, F.; Manica, A.; Stockner, I.; Pattis, P.; Gutmann, B.; Catena, C.; Colussi, G.; Sechi, L. A.; Annoni, G.; Bruni, A. A.; Castagna, A.; Spinelli, D.; Miceli, E.; Paduia, D.; Schinco, G.; Spreafico, S.; Secchi, B.; Vanoli, M.; Casella, G.; Pulixi, E. A.; Sansone, L.; Serra, M. G.; Longo, S.; Antonaci, S.; Belfiäore, A.; Frualdo, M.; Palasciano, G.; Ricci, L.; Ventrella, F.; Bianco, C.; Santovito, D.; Cipollone, F.; Nicolai, S.; Salvati, F.; Rini, G. B.; Scozzari, F.; Muiesan, M. L.; Salvetti, M.; Bazza, A.; Picardi, A.; Vespasiani-Gentilucci, U.; De Vincentis, A.; Cosio, P.; Terzolo, M.; Madaffari, B.; Parasporo, B.; Fenoglio, L.; Bracco, C.; Melchio, R.; Gentili, T.; Salvi, A.; Nitti, C.; Gabrielli, A.; Martino, G. P.; Capucci, A.; Brambatti, M.; Sparagna, A.; Tirotta, D.; Andreozzi, P.; Ettorre, E.; Viscogliosi, G.; Servello, A.; Musumeci, M.; Rossi Fanelli, F.; Delfino, M.; Giorgi, A.; Glorioso, N.; Melis, G.; Marras, G.; Matta, M.; Sacco, A.; Stellitano, E.; Scordo, A.; Russo, F.; Caruso, A. A.; Porreca, E.; Tana, M.; Ferri, C.; Cheli, P.; Portincasa, P.; Muscianisi, G.; Giordani, S.; Stanghellini, V.; Sabbà, C.; Mancuso, G.; Bartone, M.; Calipari, D.; Arcidiacono, G.; Bellanuova, I.; Ferraro, M.; Marigliano, G.; Cozzolino, D.; Lampitella, A.; Acri, V.; Galasso, D.; Mazzei, F.; Galasso, S.; Buratti, A.; Porta, M.; Brizzi, M. F.; Fattorini, A.; Sampietro, F.; D'Angelo, A.; Manfredini, R.; Pala, M.; Fabbian, F.; Moroni, C.; Valente, L.; Lopreiato, F.; Parente, F.; Granata, M.; Moia, M.; Braham, S.; Rossi, M.; Pesce, M.; Gentile, A.; Catozzo, V.; Baciarello, G.; Cosimati, A.; Ageno, W.; Rancan, E.; Guasti, L.; Ciccaglioni, A.; Negri, S.; Polselli, M.; Prisco, D.; Marcucci, R.; Ferro, D.; Cangemi, R.; Perri, L.; Polimeni, L.; Catasca, E.; Vicario, T.; Russo, R.; Saliola, M.; Del Ben, M.; Ange-lico, F.; Calvieri, C.; Bucci, T.; Baratta, F.; Migliacci, R.; Porciello, G.; Corrao, S.; Pignataro, F. S.; Napoleone, L.; Talerico, G.; Amoroso, D.; Romiti, G. F.; Ruscio, E.; Toriello, F.; Todisco, T.; Di Tanna, G.; Saccheti, M. L.; Puddu, P. E.; Anzaldi, M.; Bazzini, C.; Bianchi, P. I.; Boari, B.; Bracco, G.; Buonauro, A.; Butta, C.; Buzzetti, E.; Calabria, S.; Capeci, W.; Caradio, F.; Carleo, P.; Carrabba, M. D.; Castorani, L.; Cecchetto, L.; Cicco, S.; Cimini, C.; Colombo, B. M.; De Giorgi, A.; De Vuono, S.; Del Corso, L.; Denegri, A.; Di Giosia, P.; Durante Mangoni, E.; Falsetti, L.; Forgione, A.; Giorgini, P.; Grassi, D.; Grembiale, A.; Hijazi, D.; Iamele, L.; Lorusso, G.; Marchese, A.; Marra, A. M.; Masala, M.; Miceli, G.; Montebianco Abenavoli, L.; Murgia, G.; Naccarato, P.; Paduia, D.; Pattoneri, P.; Perego, F.; Pesce, P.; Piano, S.; Pinna, M.; Pinto, D.; Pretti, V.; Pucci, G.; Raparelli, V.; Salinaro, F.; Salzano, A.; Santilli, F.; Scarpini, F.; Scicali, R.; Sirico, D.; Suppressa, P.; Talia, M.; Tassone, E. J.; Torres, D.; Vazzana, N.; Vecchio, C. R.; Vidili, G.; Vitale, F.; Zaccone, V
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