113 research outputs found

    Doping n-type carriers by La-substitution for Ba in YBa_2Cu_3O_y system

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    Thus far, there is no cuprate system where both n-type and p-type charge carriers can be doped without changing the crystallographic structure. For studying the electron-hole symmetry in an identical structure, we try to dope n-type carriers to YBa2Cu3Oy system by reducing oxygen content and substituting La3+ ions for Ba2+. Single crystals of La-doped YBa2Cu3Oy are grown by a flux method with Y2O3 crucibles and it is confirmed that La actually substitutes \~13% of Ba. The oxygen content y can be varied between 6.21 and 6.95 by annealing the crystals in an atmosphere with controlled oxygen partial pressure. The in-plane resistivity rho_ab at room temperature was found to increase with decreasing oxygen content y down to 6.32, but interestingly further decrease in y results in a decrease in rho_ab. The most reduced samples with y = 6.21 show rho_ab of ~30 mOhm cm at room temperature, which is as much as seven orders-of-magnitude smaller than the maximum value at y = 6.32. Furthermore, both the Hall coefficient and the Seebeck coefficient of the y = 6.21 samples are found to be negative at room temperatures. The present results demonstrate that the non-doped Mott-insulating state has been crossed upon reducing y and n-type carriers are successfully doped in this material.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, 1 table, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Metal-to-Insulator Crossover in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} Probed by Low-Temperature Quasiparticle Heat Transport

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    It was recently demonstrated that in La_{2-x}Sr_{x}CuO_{4} the magnetic-field (H) dependence of the low-temperature thermal conductivity \kappa up to 16 T reflects whether the normal state is a metal or an insulator. We measure the H dependence of \kappa in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} (YBCO) at subkelvin temperatures for a wide doping range, and find that at low doping the \kappa(H) behavior signifies the change in the ground state in this system as well. Surprisingly, the critical doping is found to be located deeply inside the underdoped region, about the hole doping of 0.07 hole/Cu; this critical doping is apparently related to the stripe correlations as revealed by the in-plane resistivity anisotropy.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; minor revision, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Let

    Bulk superconducting phase with a full energy gap in the doped topological insulator Cu_xBi_2Se_3

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    The superconductivity recently found in the doped topological insulator Cu_xBi_2Se_3 offers a great opportunity to search for a topological superconductor. We have successfully prepared a single-crystal sample with a large shielding fraction and measured the specific-heat anomaly associated with the superconductivity. The temperature dependence of the specific heat suggests a fully-gapped, strong-coupling superconducting state, but the BCS theory is not in full agreement with the data, which hints at a possible unconventional pairing in Cu_xBi_2Se_3. Also, the evaluated effective mass of 2.6m_e (m_e is the free electron mass) points to a large mass enhancement in this material.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Low-temperature nodal-quasiparticle transport in lightly doped YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} near the edge of the superconducting doping regime

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    In-plane transport properties of nonsuperconducting YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} (y = 6.35) are measured using high-quality untwinned single crystals. We find that both the a- and b-axis resistivities show log(1/T) divergence down to 80 mK, and accordingly the thermal conductivity data indicate that the nodal quasiparticles are progressively localized with lowering temperature. Hence, both the charge and heat transport data do not support the existence of a "thermal metal" in nonsuperconducting YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y}, as opposed to a recent report by Sutherland {\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 94}, 147004 (2005)]. Besides, the present data demonstrate that the peculiar log(1/T) resistivity divergence of cuprate is {\it not} a property associated with high-magnetic fields.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures. Our previous main claim that the pseudogap state of cuprates is inherently insulating was found to be erroneous and has been retracted; the paper now focuses on the log(1/T) resistivity divergence and its implication

    Coherence and superconductivity in coupled one-dimensional chains: a case study of YBa2_{2}Cu3_{3}Oy_{y}

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    We report the infrared (IR) response of Cu-O chains in the high-TcT_{c} superconductor YBa2_{2}Cu3_{3}Oy_{y} over the doping range spanning y=6.28βˆ’6.75% y=6.28-6.75. We find evidence for a power law scaling at mid-IR frequencies consistent with predictions for Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid, thus supporting the notion of one-dimensional transport in the chains. We analyze the role of coupling to the CuO2_{2} planes in establishing metallicity and superconductivity in disordered chain fragments.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure
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