84,538 research outputs found

    A Low Cost and Labor Efficient Method for Rearing Black Cutworms (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

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    The black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel), has been and continues to be the subject of many biological and control studies in the north-central states. Interest in this insect can often be traced to its status as a major, but sporadic pest of field com in the region

    π+π\pi^+ - \pi^- Asymmetry and the Neutron Skin in Heavy Nuclei

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    In heavy nuclei the spatial distribution of protons and neutrons is different. At CERN SPS energies production of π+\pi^+ and π\pi^- differs for pppp, pnpn, npnp and nnnn scattering. These two facts lead to an impact parameter dependence of the π+\pi^+ to π\pi^- ratio in 208Pb+208Pb^{208}Pb + ^{208}Pb collisions. A recent experiment at CERN seems to confirm qualitatively these predictions. It may open a possibility for determination of neutron density distribution in nuclei.Comment: 6 pages and 2 figures, a talk by A.Szczurek at the international conference MESON2004, June 4-8, Cracow, Polan

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

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    Misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activate the unfolded protein response (U PR), which enhances protein folding to restore homeostasis. Additional pathways respond to ER stress, but how they help counteract protein misfolding is incompletely understood. Here, we develop a titratable system for the induction of ER stress in yeast to enable a genetic screen for factors that augment stress resistance independently of the UPR. We identify the proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 and show that it cooperates with the UPR. Rpn4 abundance increases during ER stress, first by a post-transcriptional, then by a transcriptional mechanism. Induction of RPN4 transcription is triggered by cytosolic mislocalization of secretory proteins, is mediated by multiple signaling pathways and accelerates clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol. Thus, Rpn4 and the UPR are complementary elements of a modular cross-compartment response to ER stress

    Navigation systems for approach and landing of VTOL aircraft

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    The formulation and implementation of navigation systems used for research investigations in the V/STOLAND avionics system are described. The navigation systems prove position and velocity in a cartestian reference frame aligned with the runway. They use filtering techniques to combine the raw position data from navaids (e.g., TACAN, MLS) with data from onboard inertial sensors. The filtering techniques which use both complementary and Kalman filters, are described. The software for the navigation systems is also described

    Feasibility investigation of a low-temperature, variable infrared source. Horizon definition study

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    Feasibility of low temperature, variable infrared source - calibration of instrumentation used in defining earth horizo

    Performance with and without inlet radial distortion of a transonic fan stage designed for reduced loading in the tip region

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    A transonic compressor stage designed for a reduced loading in the tip region of the rotor blades was tested with and without inlet radial distortion. The rotor was 50 cm in diameter and designed for an operating tip speed of 420 m/sec. Although the rotor blade loading in the tip region was reduced to provide additional operating range, analysis of the data indicates that the flow around the damper appears to be critical and limited the stable operating range of this stage. For all levels of tip and hub radial distortion, there was a large reduction in the rotor stall margin

    Performance and boundary-layer evaluation of a sonic inlet

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    Tests were conducted to determine the boundary layer characteristics and aerodynamic performance of a radial vane sonic inlet with a length/diameter ratio of 1 for several vane configurations. The sonic inlet was designed with a slight wavy wall type of diffuser geometry, which permits operation at high inlet Mach numbers (sufficiently high for good noise suppression) without boundary layer flow separation and with good total pressure recovery. A new method for evaluating the turbulent boundary layer was developed to separate the boundary layer from the inviscid core flow, which is characterized by a total pressure variation from hub to tip, and to determine the experimental boundary layer parameters

    Analysis of flexible aircraft longitudinal dynamics and handling qualities. Volume 1: Analysis methods

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    As aircraft become larger and lighter due to design requirements for increased payload and improved fuel efficiency, they will also become more flexible. For highly flexible vehicles, the handling qualities may not be accurately predicted by conventional methods. This study applies two analysis methods to a family of flexible aircraft in order to investigate how and when structural (especially dynamic aeroelastic) effects affect the dynamic characteristics of aircraft. The first type of analysis is an open loop model analysis technique. This method considers the effects of modal residue magnitudes on determining vehicle handling qualities. The second method is a pilot in the loop analysis procedure that considers several closed loop system characteristics. Volume 1 consists of the development and application of the two analysis methods described above