45 research outputs found

    Dimensionen des Lehrerinteresses und ihre Beziehung zu beruflichem Erleben und zu Unterrichtspraktiken

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    This study introduced a new questionnaire on subject, didactic, and educational teacher interest and analyzed their relations to occupational well-being (burnout, enjoyment, flow) and instructional practices in a sample of 281 teachers from elementary and both low- and high-achievement secondary schools. Results of confirmatory factor analysis verified the three-dimensional structure of the newly developed interest measure. Evidence for the construct validity of the interest measure was provided by structural equation analyses showing that teachers’ occupational well-being and instructional practices were predicted by their interests, even when controlling for self-efficacy beliefs. Specifically, both didactic and educational interest contributed to lower levels of burnout and predicted beneficial instructional practices (e.g., cognitive stimulation). In addition, subject and educational interest were the main predictors of enjoyment and flow in class. (DIPF/Orig.)Es wird über die Entwicklung eines neuen Fragebogens zur Erfassung des fachlichen, didaktischen und erzieherischen Interesses von Lehrkräften berichtet. In einer Stichprobe von 281 Lehrkräften verschiedener Grund-, Haupt- und Gymnasialschulen wurden die Zusammenhänge der drei Interessendimensionen mit der beruflichen Erlebensqualität (Burnout, Vergnügen, Flow) und dem Instruktionsverhalten untersucht. Konfirmatorische Faktorenanalysen bestätigten die dreidimensionale Struktur des neuen Fragebogens. Belege für die Konstruktvalidität ergaben sich aufgrund von Strukturgleichungsanalysen, die zeigten, dass das Interesse Beiträge zur Vorhersage von beruflichem Erleben und Instruktionsverhalten leistet, auch wenn Selbstwirksamkeitsüberzeugungen kontrolliert wurden. Im Einzelnen gingen das didaktische und das erzieherische Interesse mit geringerem Burnout einher und erwiesen sich als Prädiktoren förderlichen Instruktionsverhaltens (z. B. kognitive Aktivierung). Darüber hinaus trugen das fachliche und das erzieherische Interesse zur Vorhersage von Vergnügen und Flow im Unterricht bei. (DIPF/Orig.

    The quality of experiencing and the process of learning

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    In der Arbeit wird argumentiert, daß das Erleben von "Flow" im Prozeß des Lernens für das Entstehen von intrinsischer Lernmotivation und für die kognitive Entwicklung der Schüler von entscheidender Bedeutung ist. Die Flow-Theorie von M. Csikszentmihalyi wird ausführlich dargestellt und ihre Relevanz für den Lernprozeß erläutert. Es wird über zwei empirische Studien berichtet, die die Auswirkungen des Flow-Erlebens auf schulisches Lernen belegen. Schließlich wird der Versuch gemacht, Folgerungen für die pädagogische Praxis abzuleiten. (DIPF/Text übernommen)This article argues that the experience of "flow" while learning is of crucial importance for students\u27 intrinsic motivation to learn and cognitive development. A presentation of M. Csikszentmihalyis flow theory is given and its relevance for the process of learning is discussed. Two studies are reported that support the significance of flow for learning in school. Finally, suggestions for educational practice are made. (DIPF/Orig.

    Development of a Model of Argumentation Competence for Geography Instruction

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    In a postmodern society being able to discuss is one of the most important competences. Therefore, the National Standards for Geography explicitly formulate the goal of students' achieving communication skills. In order to accomplish this, it is proposed to develop a competence model of argumentation skills. Arguments usually have two sides: the structure of the argument which is field-invariant and the content of the argument which is field-dependent. A suitable basis for the field-invariant aspects of arguments are the Common European Framework of Reference for languages, which proposes a model for communication skills and the influential model of the structure of an argument offered by Toulmin.Peer Reviewe

    Predictors of Reading Literacy

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    Two reading literacy/text comprehension tests with different demands (on-line comprehension vs. memory-based comprehension) were administered to 6,104 15-year-old students from all German states and school types. The combined and specific effects of proximal and distal variables from small-scale psychological research as well as from large-scale educational studies on each text comprehension measure were investigated. Metacognitive knowledge, decoding speed, and the number of books at home (as an indicator for family background) were found to have specific and large effects on on-line comprehension and accounted for 46 percent of the variance with the highest effects for metacognition. Metacognitive knowledge was also highly predictive when the effects of specific prior knowledge and thematic interest on memory-based text comprehension were estimated simultaneously. In addition, students who showed relative strength in building up a coherent representation of specific texts (memory-based text comprehension) were characterised by high amounts of prior knowledge and thematic interest thereby underlining the important of these student characteristics for learning

    Modeling the relationship between motivational beliefs, cognitive learning strategies and academic performance of Mathematics teacher-trainees

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    Paper presented at the 4th Strathmore International Mathematics Conference (SIMC 2017), 19 - 23 June 2017, Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya.Self-regulated learning refers to the conscious planning, monitoring, and evaluation of one’s own learning through use of appropriate behavioral, meta-cognitive and cognitive strategies to enhance academic performance. Self-regulated learners are highly motivated, use a variety of learning strategies in achieving their academic goals and as such are high achievers. Although self-regulated learning has received much attention over the past decades, research on how teacher-trainees regulate their own learning has been scarce and especially in third world countries. Lack of research in this aspect has not only created a knowledge gap but also compromised efforts to tackle to challenge of poor academic performance among teacher trainees. In this study, we examined the relationship between motivational beliefs, cognitive learning strategies and academic performance among Mathematics teacher-trainees in Uganda. The sample comprised of 689 undergraduate students randomly selected from eight universities across Uganda. Data was collected using the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) and analysed using structural equation modeling. A structural equation model indicated that cognitive learning strategies mediated the relationship between motivational beliefs and academic performance of these undergraduate teacher-trainees. Motivational beliefs influenced student’s performance through enhancing their critical thinking and organization learning strategies. Therefore, there is need to enhance leaner’s ability to adopt adaptive learning strategies in-order to enhance their academic achievement at the university.Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda Univesity of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda – [email protected]

    Expertise – Förderung von Lesekompetenz

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    Die in vielen Facetten unbefriedigenden Ergebnisse zur Lesekompetenz von Jugendlichen in Deutschland stellen den Ausgangspunkt für die vorliegende Expertise zum Thema „Förderung von Lesekompetenz“ dar, die vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung in Auftrag gegeben wurde. Das Ziel der Expertise gilt dem Nachweis, welche Möglichkeiten der Förderung von Lesekompetenz existieren, die die umfangreichen Länderaktivitäten der Förderung sinnvoll ergänzen. (DIPF/Orig.

    Inductively versus deductively developed questionnaires to measure learning characteristics

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    Die gegenwärtig diskutierten Fragen zur Erfassung von Lernstrategien, Lernstilen und Lernmotivationen können in zwei Gruppen unterteilt werden. Die erste Gruppe ist induktiv konstruiert worden und hat auf der Grundlage von Interviewstudien relativ globale Lernmerkmale postuliert. Typisch für diese Verfahren ist auch die Integration motivationaler und kognitiver Komponenten des Lernverhaltens. Die zweite Gruppe zeichnet sich durch ein deduktives Vorgehen aus. Ausgehend von kognitionspsychologischen Modellen des Lernprozesses sowie verschiedenen Motivationstheorien wurden differenzierte Fragebögen zu Lernstrategien und motivationalen Merkmalen entwickelt. Die kognitiven und motivationalen Komponenten sind dabei strikt getrennt worden. Der vorliegende Artikel stellt beide Gruppen von Verfahren anhand ausgewählter Beispiele dar und diskutiert ihre Vor- und Nachteile. (DIPF/Orig.)Currently available questionnaires to measure strategies, styles, and orientations of learning seem to fall in two different groups. The first group employed an inductive procedure and proposed relatively global learner characteristics that were derived from interview studies. These characteristics typically involve motivational as well as cognitive components. The second group of measures did proceed deductively. On the basis of cognitive models of the learning process and theories of motivation, questionnaires were developed with rather specific subscales of learning strategies and motivational characteristics. These measures, however, have strictly separated cognitive and motivational components of learning. In the present article, we selected two representative examples of each group of questionnaires and discussed their advantages and disadvantages. (DIPF/Orig.

    Motivational factors of text comprehension

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    Ausgehend von der Feststellung, daß die bisherige Forschung zum Textlernen motivationale Variablen, die gerade aus pädagogischer Sicht als sehr bedeutsam erscheinen, vernachlässigt hat, wird ein Überblick über Untersuchungen gegeben, die den Einfluß von Interesse auf das Verstehen von Texten überprüften. Ein Großteil der betrachteten Arbeiten kommt zu dem Ergebnis, daß Interesse eine bedeutsame Rolle beim Textlernen einnimmt. Trotzdem sind eine Reihe von Einwänden vorzubringen, die vor allem Defizite bei der Konzeptualisierung und Messung von Interesse und die Vernachlässigung qualitativer, prozessualer und struktureller Aspekte der Verstehensleistung betreffen. Abschließend wird auf pädagogische Konsequenzen bezüglich der Gestaltung von Lehrtexten hingewiesen. (DIPF/Orig.)Since past research on text learning has neglected motivational variables, which are most relevant from an educational point of view, a review of recent studies on the influence of interest on text comprehension is given. The majority of the studies reviewed has presented evidence indicating that interest plays a significant part in text learning. Nonetheless a number of objections can be raised, especially with respect to deficits in conceptualizing and measuring interest and regarding the negligence of qualitative, processual and structural aspects of comprehension. Finally, educational implications for the construction of textbooks are discussed. (DIPF/Orig.

    Zielorientierung

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    Intrinsische und extrinsische Motivation

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