806 research outputs found

### CFAR matched direction detector

In a previously published paper by Besson et al., we considered the problem of detecting a signal whose associated spatial signature is known to lie in a given linear subspace, in the presence of subspace interference and broadband noise of known level. We extend these results to the case of unknown noise level. More precisely, we derive the generalized-likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for this problem, which provides a constant false-alarm rate (CFAR) detector. It is shown that the GLRT involves the largest eigenvalue and the trace of complex Wishart matrices. The distribution of the GLRT is derived under the hypothesis. Numerical simulations illustrate its performance and provide a comparison with the GLRT when the noise level is known

### Matched direction detectors and estimators for array processing with subspace steering vector uncertainties

In this paper, we consider the problem of estimating and detecting a signal whose associated spatial signature is known to lie in a given linear subspace but whose coordinates in this subspace are otherwise unknown, in the presence of subspace interference and broad-band noise. This situation arises when, on one hand, there exist uncertainties about the steering vector but, on the other hand, some knowledge about the steering vector errors is available. First, we derive the maximum-likelihood estimator (MLE) for the problem and compute the corresponding Cramer-Rao bound. Next, the maximum-likelihood estimates are used to derive a generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT). The GLRT is compared and contrasted with the standard matched subspace detectors. The performances of the estimators and detectors are illustrated by means of numerical simulations

### Adaptive detection of a signal known only to lie on a line in a known subspace, when primary and secondary data are partially homogeneous

This paper deals with the problem of detecting a signal, known only to lie on a line in a subspace, in the presence
of unknown noise, using multiple snapshots in the primary data. To account for uncertainties about a signal's signature, we assume that the steering vector belongs to a known linear subspace. Furthermore, we consider the partially homogeneous case, for which the covariance matrix of the primary and the secondary data have the same structure but possibly different levels. This provides an extension to the framework considered by Bose and Steinhardt. The natural invariances of the detection problem are studied, which leads to the derivation of the maximal invariant. Then, a detector is proposed that proceeds in two steps. First, assuming that the noise covariance matrix is known, the generalized-likelihood ratio test (GLRT) is formulated. Then, the noise covariance matrix is replaced by its sample estimate based on the secondary data to yield the final detector. The latter is compared with a similar detector that assumes the steering vector to be known

### Matched direction detectors

In this paper, we address the problem of detecting a signal whose associated spatial signature is subject to uncertainties, in the presence of subspace interference and broadband noise, and using multiple snapshots from an array of sensors. To account for steering vector uncertainties, we assume that the spatial signature of interest lies in a given linear subspace H while its coordinates in this subspace are unknown. The generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for the problem at hand is formulated. We show that the GLRT amounts to searching for the best direction in the subspace H after projecting out the interferences. The distribution of the GRLT under both hypotheses is derived and numerical simulations illustrate its performance

### Detection of an unknown rank-one component in white noise

We consider the detection of an unknown and arbitrary rank-one signal in a spatial sector scanned by a small number of beams. We address the problem of finding the maximal invariant for the problem at hand and show that it consists of the ratio of the eigenvalues of a Wishart matrix to its trace. Next, we derive the generalized-likelihood ratio test (GLRT) along with expressions for its probability density function (pdf) under both hypotheses. Special attention is paid to the case m= 2, where the GLRT is shown to be a uniformly most powerful invariant (UMPI). Numerical simulations attest to the validity of the theoretical analysis and illustrate the detection performance of the GLRT

### GLRT-Based Direction Detectors in Homogeneous Noise and Subspace Interference

In this paper, we derive and assess decision schemes to discriminate, resorting to an array of sensors, between the H0 hypothesis that data under test contain disturbance only (i.e., noise plus interference) and the H1 hypothesis that they also contain signal components along a direction which is a priori unknown but constrained to belong to a given subspace of the observables. The disturbance is modeled in terms of complex normal random vectors plus deterministic interference assumed to belong to a known subspace. We assume that a set of noise-only (secondary) data is available, which possess the same statistical characterization of noise in the cells under test. At the design stage, we resort to either the plain generalized-likelihood ratio test (GLRT) or the two-step GLRT-based design procedure. The performance analysis, conducted resorting to simulated data, shows that the one-step GLRT performs better than the detector relying on the two-step design procedure when the number of secondary data is comparable to the number of sensors; moreover, it outperforms a one-step GLRT-based subspace detector when the dimension of the signal subspace is sufficiently high

- …