283 research outputs found

    Interacting electrons in a two-dimensional disordered environment: Effect of a Zeeman magnetic field

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    The effect of a Zeeman magnetic field coupled to the spin of the electrons on the conducting properties of the disordered Hubbard model is studied. Using the Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo method, the temperature- and magnetic-field- dependent conductivity is calculated,as well as the degree of spin polarization. We find that the Zeeman magnetic field suppresses the metallic behavior present for certain values of interaction- and disorder- strength, and is able to induce a metal-insulator transition at a critical field strength. It is argued that the qualitative features of magnetoconductance in this microscopic model containing both repulsive interactions and disorder are in agreement with experimental findings in two-dimensional electron- and hole-gases in semiconductor structures.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Phase separation in the bosonic Hubbard model with ring exchange

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    We show that soft core bosons in two dimensions with a ring exchange term exhibit a tendency for phase separation. This observation suggests that the thermodynamic stability of normal bose liquid phases driven by ring exchange should be carefully examined.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figure

    Thermodynamic and spectral properties of compressed Ce calculated by the merger of the local density approximation and dynamical mean field theory

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    We have calculated thermodynamic and spectral properties of Ce metal over a wide range of volume and temperature, including the effects of 4f electron correlations, by the merger of the local density approximation and dynamical mean field theory (DMFT). The DMFT equations are solved using the quantum Monte Carlo technique supplemented by the more approximate Hubbard I and Hartree Fock methods. At large volume we find Hubbard split spectra, the associated local moment, and an entropy consistent with degeneracy in the moment direction. On compression through the volume range of the observed gamma-alpha transition, an Abrikosov-Suhl resonance begins to grow rapidly in the 4f spectra at the Fermi level, a corresponding peak develops in the specific heat, and the entropy drops rapidly in the presence of a persistent, although somewhat reduced local moment. Our parameter-free spectra agree well with experiment at the alpha- and gamma-Ce volumes, and a region of negative curvature in the correlation energy leads to a shallowness in the low-temperature total energy over this volume range which is consistent with the gamma-alpha transition. As measured by the double occupancy, we find a noticeable decrease in correlation on compression across the transition; however, even at the smallest volumes considered, Ce remains strongly correlated with residual Hubbard bands to either side of a dominant Fermi-level structure. These characteristics are discussed in light of current theories for the volume collapse transition in Ce.Comment: 19 pages including 14 eps figure
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