28,349 research outputs found

    Energy Spectra for Fractional Quantum Hall States

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    Fractional quantum Hall states (FQHS) with the filling factor nu = p/q of q < 21 are examined and their energies are calculated. The classical Coulomb energy is evaluated among many electrons; that energy is linearly dependent on 1/nu. The residual binding energies are also evaluated. The electron pair in nearest Landau-orbitals is more affected via Coulomb transition than an electron pair in non-nearest orbitals. Each nearest electron pair can transfer to some empty orbital pair, but it cannot transfer to the other empty orbital pair because of conservation of momentum. Counting the numbers of the allowed and forbidden transitions, the binding energies are evaluated for filling factors of 126 fraction numbers. Gathering the classical Coulomb energy and the pair transition energy, we obtain the spectrum of energy versus nu. This energy spectrum elucidates the precise confinement of Hall resistance at specific fractional filling factors.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Excited nucleon spectrum from lattice QCD with maximum entropy method

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    We study excited states of the nucleon in quenched lattice QCD with the spectral analysis using the maximum entropy method. Our simulations are performed on three lattice sizes 163×3216^3\times 32, 243×3224^3\times 32 and 323×3232^3\times 32, at β=6.0\beta=6.0 to address the finite volume issue. We find a significant finite volume effect on the mass of the Roper resonance for light quark masses. After removing this systematic error, its mass becomes considerably reduced toward the direction to solve the level order puzzle between the Roper resonance N(1440)N'(1440) and the negative-parity nucleon N(1535)N^*(1535).Comment: Lattice2003(spectrum), 3 pages, 4 figure

    Evaluation of specific heat for superfluid helium between 0 - 2.1 K based on nonlinear theory

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    The specific heat of liquid helium was calculated theoretically in the Landau theory. The results deviate from experimental data in the temperature region of 1.3 - 2.1 K. Many theorists subsequently improved the results of the Landau theory by applying temperature dependence of the elementary excitation energy. As well known, many-body system has a total energy of Galilean covariant form. Therefore, the total energy of liquid helium has a nonlinear form for the number distribution function. The function form can be determined using the excitation energy at zero temperature and the latent heat per helium atom at zero temperature. The nonlinear form produces new temperature dependence for the excitation energy from Bose condensate. We evaluate the specific heat using iteration method. The calculation results of the second iteration show good agreement with the experimental data in the temperature region of 0 - 2.1 K, where we have only used the elementary excitation energy at 1.1 K.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Journal of Physics: Conference Serie

    Relaxor ferroelectricity induced by electron correlations in a molecular dimer Mott insulator

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    We have investigated the dielectric response in an antiferromagnetic dimer-Mott insulator beta'-(BEDT-TTF)2ICl2 with square lattice, compared to a spin liquid candidate kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2(CN)3. Temperature dependence of the dielectric constant shows a peak structure obeying Curie-Weiss law with strong frequency dependence. We found an anisotropic ferroelectricity by pyrocurrent measurements, which suggests the charge disproportionation in a dimer. The ferroelectric actual charge freezing temperature is related to the antiferromagnetic interaction, which is expected to the charge-spin coupled degrees of freedom in the system.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Signatures of S-wave bound-state formation in finite volume

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    We discuss formation of an S-wave bound-state in finite volume on the basis of L\"uscher's phase-shift formula.It is found that although a bound-state pole condition is fulfilled only in the infinite volume limit, its modification by the finite size corrections is exponentially suppressed by the spatial extent LL in a finite box L3L^3. We also confirm that the appearance of the S-wave bound state is accompanied by an abrupt sign change of the S-wave scattering length even in finite volume through numerical simulations. This distinctive behavior may help us to discriminate the loosely bound state from the lowest energy level of the scattering state in finite volume simulations.Comment: 25 pages, 30 figures; v2: typos corrected and two references added, v3: final version to appear in PR

    Shape Invariant Potentials in "Discrete Quantum Mechanics"

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    Shape invariance is an important ingredient of many exactly solvable quantum mechanics. Several examples of shape invariant ``discrete quantum mechanical systems" are introduced and discussed in some detail. They arise in the problem of describing the equilibrium positions of Ruijsenaars-Schneider type systems, which are "discrete" counterparts of Calogero and Sutherland systems, the celebrated exactly solvable multi-particle dynamics. Deformed Hermite and Laguerre polynomials are the typical examples of the eigenfunctions of the above shape invariant discrete quantum mechanical systems.Comment: 15 pages, 1 figure. Contribution to a special issue of Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics in honour of Francesco Calogero on the occasion of his seventieth birthda

    Equilibrium Positions and Eigenfunctions of Shape Invariant (`Discrete') Quantum Mechanics

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    Certain aspects of the integrability/solvability of the Calogero-Sutherland-Moser systems and the Ruijsenaars-Schneider-van Diejen systems with rational and trigonometric potentials are reviewed. The equilibrium positions of classical multi-particle systems and the eigenfunctions of single-particle quantum mechanics are described by the same orthogonal polynomials: the Hermite, Laguerre, Jacobi, continuous Hahn, Wilson and Askey-Wilson polynomials. The Hamiltonians of these single-particle quantum mechanical systems have two remarkable properties, factorization and shape invariance.Comment: 30 pages, 1 figure. Contribution to proceedings of RIMS workshop "Elliptic Integrable Systems" (RIMS, Nov. 2004

    Calogero-Sutherland-Moser Systems, Ruijsenaars-Schneider-van Diejen Systems and Orthogonal Polynomials

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    The equilibrium positions of the multi-particle classical Calogero-Sutherland-Moser (CSM) systems with rational/trigonometric potentials associated with the classical root systems are described by the classical orthogonal polynomials; the Hermite, Laguerre and Jacobi polynomials. The eigenfunctions of the corresponding single-particle quantum CSM systems are also expressed in terms of the same orthogonal polynomials. We show that this interesting property is inherited by the Ruijsenaars-Schneider-van Diejen (RSvD) systems, which are integrable deformation of the CSM systems; the equilibrium positions of the multi-particle classical RSvD systems and the eigenfunctions of the corresponding single-particle quantum RSvD systems are described by the same orthogonal polynomials, the continuous Hahn (special case), Wilson and Askey-Wilson polynomials. They belong to the Askey-scheme of the basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and are deformation of the Hermite, Laguerre and Jacobi polynomials, respectively. The Hamiltonians of these single-particle quantum mechanical systems have two remarkable properties, factorization and shape invariance.Comment: 16 pages, 1 figur
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