170 research outputs found

    Determinant Bounds and the Matsubara UV Problem of Many-Fermion Systems

    Get PDF
    It is known that perturbation theory converges in fermionic field theory at weak coupling if the interaction and the covariance are summable and if certain determinants arising in the expansion can be bounded efficiently, e.g. if the covariance admits a Gram representation with a finite Gram constant. The covariances of the standard many--fermion systems do not fall into this class due to the slow decay of the covariance at large Matsubara frequency, giving rise to a UV problem in the integration over degrees of freedom with Matsubara frequencies larger than some Omega (usually the first step in a multiscale analysis). We show that these covariances do not have Gram representations on any separable Hilbert space. We then prove a general bound for determinants associated to chronological products which is stronger than the usual Gram bound and which applies to the many--fermion case. This allows us to prove convergence of the first integration step in a rather easy way, for a short--range interaction which can be arbitrarily strong, provided Omega is chosen large enough. Moreover, we give - for the first time - nonperturbative bounds on all scales for the case of scale decompositions of the propagator which do not impose cutoffs on the Matsubara frequency.Comment: 29 pages LaTe

    Self-energy flows in the two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model

    Full text link
    We study the two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model by functional RG methods, using our recently proposed channel decomposition of the interaction vertex. The main technical advance of this work is that we calculate the full Matsubara frequency dependence of the self-energy and the interaction vertex in the whole frequency range without simplifying assumptions on its functional form, and that the effects of the self-energy are fully taken into account in the equations for the flow of the two-body vertex function. At Van Hove filling, we find that the Fermi surface deformations remain small at fixed particle density and have a minor impact on the structure of the interaction vertex. The frequency dependence of the self-energy, however, turns out to be important, especially at a transition from ferromagnetism to d-wave superconductivity. We determine non-Fermi-liquid exponents at this transition point.Comment: 48 pages, 18 figure

    Clustering of fermionic truncated expectation values via functional integration

    Full text link
    I give a simple proof that the correlation functions of many-fermion systems have a convergent functional Grassmann integral representation, and use this representation to show that the cumulants of fermionic quantum statistical mechanics satisfy l^1-clustering estimates

    Flow to strong coupling in the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    Full text link
    We extend the analysis of the renormalization group flow in the two-dimensional Hubbard model close to half-filling using the recently developed temperature flow formalism. We investigate the interplay of d-density wave and Fermi surface deformation tendencies with those towards d-wave pairing and antiferromagnetism. For a ratio of next nearest to nearest neighbor hoppings, t'/t=-0.25, and band fillings where the Fermi surface is inside the Umklapp surface, only the d-pairing susceptibility diverges at low temperatures. When the Fermi surface intersects the Umklapp surface close to the saddle points, d-wave pairing, d-density wave, antiferromagnetic and, to a weaker extent, d-wave Fermi surface deformation susceptibilities grow together when the interactions flow to strong coupling. We interpret these findings as indications for a non-trivial strongly coupled phase with short-ranged superconducting and antiferromagnetic correlations, in close analogy with the spin liquid ground state in the well-understood two-leg Hubbard ladder.Comment: 8 pages, to appear in European Physical Journal

    Effective three-particle interactions in low-energy models for multiband systems

    Full text link
    We discuss different approximations for effective low-energy interactions in multi-band models for weakly correlated electrons. In the study of Fermi surface instabilities of the conduction band(s), the standard approximation consists only keeping those terms in the bare interactions that couple only to the conduction band(s), while corrections due to virtual excitations into bands away from the Fermi surface are typically neglected. Here, using a functional renormalization group approach, we present an improved truncation for the treatment of the effective interactions in the conduction band that keeps track of the generated three-particle interactions (six-point term) and hence allows one to include important aspects of these virtual interband excitations. Within a simplified two-patch treatment of the conduction band, we demonstrate that these corrections can have a rather strong effect in parts of the phase diagram by changing the critical scales for various orderings and the phase boundaries.Comment: revised version, 16 pages, 13 figure

    Superdiffusivity of asymmetric exclusion process in dimensions one and two

    Full text link
    We prove that the diffusion coefficient for the asymmetric exclusion process diverges at least as fast as t1/4t^{1/4} in dimension d=1d=1 and (logt)1/2(\log t)^{1/2} in d=2d=2. The method applies to nearest and non-nearest neighbor asymmetric exclusion processes

    Efficient Parametrization of the Vertex Function, Ω\Omega-Scheme, and the (t,t')-Hubbard Model at Van Hove Filling

    Full text link
    We propose a new parametrization of the four-point vertex function in the one-loop one-particle irreducible renormalization group (RG) scheme for fermions. It is based on a decomposition of the effective two-fermion interaction into fermion bilinears that interact via exchange bosons. The numerical computation of the RG flow of the boson propagators reproduces the leading weak coupling instabilities of the two-dimensional Hubbard model at Van Hove filling, as they were previously obtained by a temperature RG flow. Instead of regularizing with temperature, we here use a soft frequency Ω\Omega-regularization that likewise does not artificially suppress ferromagnetism. Besides being more efficient than previous N-patch schemes, this parametrization also reduces the ambiguities in introducing boson fields.Comment: 33 pages, 11 figures, references adde

    Effective low-energy Hamiltonians for interacting nanostructures

    Full text link
    We present a functional renormalization group (fRG) treatment of trigonal graphene nanodiscs and composites thereof, modeled by finite-size Hubbard-like Hamiltonians with honeycomb lattice structure. At half filling, the noninteracting spectrum of these structures contains a certain number of half-filled states at the Fermi level. For the case of trigonal nanodiscs, including interactions between these degenerate states was argued to lead to a large ground state spin with potential spintronics applications. Here we perform a systematic fRG flow where the excited single-particle states are integrated out with a decreasing energy cutoff, yielding a renormalized low-energy Hamiltonian for the zero-energy states that includes effects of the excited levels. The numerical implementation corroborates the results obtained with a simpler Hartree-Fock treatment of the interaction effects within the zero-energy states only. In particular, for trigonal nanodiscs the degeneracy of the one-particle-states with zero-energy turns out to be very robust against influences of the higher levels. As an explanation, we give a general argument that within this fRG scheme the zero-energy degeneracy remains unsplit under quite general conditions and for any size of the trigonal nanodisc. We furthermore discuss the differences in the effective Hamiltonian and their ground states of single nanodiscs and composite bow-tie-shaped systems.Comment: 13 page