16,165 research outputs found

### Kinematics of Red Variables in the Solar Neighborhood I. Basic Data Obtained by an SiO Maser Survey

In order to study the streaming motions of miras in the Solar neighborhood,
we newly surveyed 379 red variables in the SiO maser lines at 42.821 and 43.122
GHz with the Nobeyama 45m radio telescope. Accurate radial velocities were
obtained for 229 (220 new) detected stars. The sample is selected from optical
variables found by new automated surveys: the Northern Sky Variability Survey
and the All Sky Automated Survey. The new sample consists of the "bluer"
objects compared with those observed in the previous SiO surveys. The distances
to the objects are estimated using the period-luminosity relation, and they are
mostly less than 3 kpc from the Sun. The longitude-velocity diagram reveals
three prominent groups of stars deviant from the circular Galactic rotation
with a flat rotation curve. In addition to the Hercules group of stars which
was studied before, we found two new deviant groups: one toward the Perseus arm
and the other toward the Sagittarius arm. These two groups both exhibit
anomalous motions toward the Galactic center, which seem to be consistent with
the noncircular motions of these spiral arms found in the recent VLBI
proper-motion measurements for maser gas clumps.Comment: PASJ 64 no.1 (2012 Feb. 25 issue) in press. A full version including
Fig. 8a-m, and Fig. 9 are available at
http://www.nro.nao.ac.jp/~lib_pub/report/data/no680.pd

### An extension of Fourier analysis for the n-torus in the magnetic field and its application to spectral analysis of the magnetic Laplacian

We solved the Schr{\"o}dinger equation for a particle in a uniform magnetic
field in the n-dimensional torus. We obtained a complete set of solutions for a
broad class of problems; the torus T^n = R^n / {\Lambda} is defined as a
quotient of the Euclidean space R^n by an arbitrary n-dimensional lattice
{\Lambda}. The lattice is not necessary either cubic or rectangular. The
magnetic field is also arbitrary. However, we restrict ourselves within
potential-free problems; the Schr{\"o}dinger operator is assumed to be the
Laplace operator defined with the covariant derivative. We defined an algebra
that characterizes the symmetry of the Laplacian and named it the magnetic
algebra. We proved that the space of functions on which the Laplacian acts is
an irreducible representation space of the magnetic algebra. In this sense the
magnetic algebra completely characterizes the quantum mechanics in the magnetic
torus. We developed a new method for Fourier analysis for the magnetic torus
and used it to solve the eigenvalue problem of the Laplacian. All the
eigenfunctions are given in explicit forms.Comment: 32 pages, LaTeX, minor corrections are mad

### Argentina soybean yield model

A model based on multiple regression was developed to estimate soybean yields for the country of Argentina. A meteorological data set was obtained for the country by averaging data for stations within the soybean growing area. Predictor variables for the model were derived from monthly total precipitation and monthly average temperature. A trend variable was included for the years 1969 to 1978 since an increasing trend in yields due to technology was observed between these years

### Argentina wheat yield model

Five models based on multiple regression were developed to estimate wheat yields for the five wheat growing provinces of Argentina. Meteorological data sets were obtained for each province by averaging data for stations within each province. Predictor variables for the models were derived from monthly total precipitation, average monthly mean temperature, and average monthly maximum temperature. Buenos Aires was the only province for which a trend variable was included because of increasing trend in yield due to technology from 1950 to 1963

### Brazil soybean yield covariance model

A model based on multiple regression was developed to estimate soybean yields for the seven soybean-growing states of Brazil. The meteorological data of these seven states were pooled and the years 1975 to 1980 were used to model since there was no technological trend in the yields during these years. Predictor variables were derived from monthly total precipitation and monthly average temperature

### The halo by halo missing baryon problem

The global missing baryon problem - that the sum of observed baryons falls
short of the number expected form BBN - is well known. In addition to this,
there is also a local missing baryon problem that applies to individual dark
matter halos. This halo by halo missing baryon problem is such that the
observed mass fraction of baryons in individual galaxies falls short of the
cosmic baryon fraction. This deficit is a strong function of circular velocity.
I give an empirical estimate of this function, and note the presence of a
critical scale of ~900 km/s therein. I also briefly review Omega_b from BBN,
highlighting the persistent tension between lithium and the CMB, and discuss
some pros and cons of individual galaxies and clusters of galaxies as potential
reservoirs of dark baryons.Comment: 10 pages, review for IAU Symposium 244, Dark Galaxies & Lost Baryon

### Argentina corn yield model

A model based on multiple regression was developed to estimate corn yields for the country of Argentina. A meteorological data set was obtained for the country by averaging data for stations within the corn-growing area. Predictor variables for the model were derived from monthly total precipitation, average monthly mean temperature, and average monthly maximum temperature. A trend variable was included for the years 1965 to 1980 since an increasing trend in yields due to technology was observed between these years

### Brazil wheat yield covariance model

A model based on multiple regression was developed to estimate wheat yields for the wheat growing states of Rio Grande do Sul, Parana, and Santa Catarina in Brazil. The meteorological data of these three states were pooled and the years 1972 to 1979 were used to develop the model since there was no technological trend in the yields during these years. Predictor variables were derived from monthly total precipitation, average monthly mean temperature, and average monthly maximum temperature

### Gauge-Fixing and Residual Symmetries in Gauge/Gravity Theories with Extra Dimensions

We study compactified pure gauge/gravitational theories with gauge-fixing
terms and show that these theories possess quantum mechanical SUSY-like
symmetries between unphysical degrees of freedom. These residual symmetries are
global symmetries and generated by quantum mechanical N=2 supercharges. Also,
we establish new one-parameter family of gauge choices for higher-dimensional
gravity, and calculate as a check of its validity one graviton exchange
amplitude in the lowest tree-level approximation. We confirm that the result is
indeed $\xi$-independent and the cancellation of the $\xi$-dependence is
ensured by the residual symmetries. We also give a simple interpretation of the
vDVZ-discontinuity, which arises in the lowest tree-level approximation, from
the supersymmetric point of view.Comment: REVTeX4, 17 pages, 1 figur

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