278 research outputs found

    PENGARUH BERBAGAI JENIS MEDIA TANAM DAN WARNA NAUNGAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT JAHE MERAH (Zingiber officinalevar.Rubrum) DI POLIBAG

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    ABSTRAK The research was conducted on Jalan Cendana, Kisaran Naga Village, Kisaran Timur District, Asahan Regency, North Sumatra Province with a flat topography ± 10 m above sea level. This research was conducted from January to March 2020. The materials used in this study were old ginger rhizome, top soil, sand, cow manure and water, while the tools used were polybags 25 cm x 20 cm in size, white and black shading plastic, rope bamboo for shade frames, Plastic rope and tarpaulin, hoe, shovel, gembor, knife, paranet, transparent white plastic and jet black plastic and stationery, calculator, meter. This research was prepared based on a factorial randomized block design (RBD) consisting of 2 treatment factors and 3 replications, where the first factor was various types of growing media consisting of 3 levels, namely: M1 = soil, M2 = sand + cow dung (1: 1) and M3 = soil + sand + cow dung fertilizer (1: 1: 1) and the second factor is the effect of shade which consists of 3 levels, namely: N1 = no shade, N2 = black and N3 = white. There is an effect of the planting medium on the percentage of growth, plant height and number of leaves of red ginger. The best planting medium was obtained from topsoil growing media + sand + cow chalk fertilizer (M3) with a growth percentage of 94.44%, plant height at 7 MST15.89 cm and number of leaves 10.17. There is an effect of shade color on the percentage of growth, number of shoots, plant height and number of leaves of red ginger. The best shade color was obtained from transparent white (N3) with a growth percentage of 97.22%, the number of shoots 1.89 shoots, 16.89 cm plant height and 10.67 leaves number and there was an influence of the interaction between planting medium and shade color on the number of shoots and number of leaves at the age of 3 MST and 7 MST. The best interaction was shown by the treatment of topsoil growing media + cow dung fertilizer and transparent white shade (M2N3) with 2.50 shoots and topsoil + sand + cow dung fertilizer and transparent white shade (M3N3) with 10 leaves. 83 strands. Kata kunci: Growing medium, Shade color, Ginger re

    The Catch of Little Tuna (Euthynnus sp.) in Relation to Thermal Front in the Makassar Strait

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    The Makassar Strait waters area is a potential area for the utilization of marine fishery resources in Indonesia especially for large pelagic fisheries because it is one of the migration trajectories of little tuna (Euthynnus sp.). In order to optimally utilize tuna resources, remote sensing technology based on oceanographic satellite imagery can be relied upon to facilitate identification, prediction, and spatial and temporal mapping of potential fishing areas. This study aims to study the phenomenon of oceanography (thermal front) as an indicator of potential for little tuna fishing areas in the Makassar Strait. Primary data was obtained through in-situ data collection (direct observation in the field by following fishing operations using the purse seine, while secondary data consisting of oceanographic data such as sea surface temperature and sea surface chlorophyll-a concentrations sourced from satellite imagery data (Aqua satellite with MODIS sensor). The distribution of the thermal front was analyzed using ArcGIS 10.4 software to determine the relationship between little tuna fishing productivity and the oceanographic phenomenon. Based on the analysis results, total of 61 positions for little tuna fishing using a purse seine, five (5) fishing positions were in the thermal front area, where the catch of little tuna is higher than the average catch outside the area. These results indicate that the thermal front can be used as an indicator of potential for little tuna fishing areas in the Makassar Strait

    Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Skipjack and Little Tuna in Fisheries Management Area 713

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    Indonesian Fisheries Management Area (IFMA) 713 is a strategic and potential area for utilizing large pelagic fishery resources. In general, there are no fixed fishing grounds for large pelagic fish, and they are always changing and moving following the movement of environmental conditions, which naturally causes fish to choose a more suitable habitat. This study examines the distribution and abundance of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and little tuna (Euthynnus sp) in relation to oceanographic conditions such as the distribution of sea surface temperature and sea surface chlorophyll-a concentrations in Indonesian Fisheries Management Area 713, which includes the Makassar Strait, Flores Sea, and Bone Bay. Based on the findings, skipjack tuna tends to be caught at warmer temperatures and higher chlorophyll-a concentrations than little tuna. Skipjack tuna tended to be distributed at a temperature of 29.84°C-30.28°C, which was associated with a chlorophyll-a concentration of 0.3 mg m-3, in contrast to little tuna, which was distributed at a temperature of 27.92°C-28.66°C with the most productive chlorophyll-a concentration (relatively high CPUE) of 0.2 mg m-3. This information on habitat distribution and optimum conditions of oceanographic parameters is very useful for the sustainable management of skipjack tuna and little tuna in the IFMA 713. in contrast to little tuna, which was distributed at a temperature of 27.92°C-28.66°C with the most productive chlorophyll-a concentration (relatively high CPUE) of 0.2 mg m-3. This information on habitat distribution and optimum conditions of oceanographic parameters is very useful for the sustainable management of skipjack tuna and little tuna in the IFMA 713. in contrast to little tuna, which was distributed at a temperature of 27.92°C-28.66°C with the most productive chlorophyll-a concentration (relatively high CPUE) of 0.2 mg m-3. This information on habitat distribution and optimum conditions of oceanographic parameters is very useful for the sustainable management of skipjack tuna and little tuna in the IFMA 713

    The level of The Utilization of Main Facilities of Birea Fish Landing Base, Bantaeng Regency

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    This study aims to identify main facilities and determine the level of the main facilities utilization of Birea fish landing base, Pa'jukukang District, Bantaeng Regency. The research was conducted from May to July 2020. The method used in this research is a case study. Primary data was consisting of the length of the pier, the distance between ships, the length of time to moor, the length of the breakwater and the length of the trip, and the size and number of ships anchored, were collected through direct observation in the field. Meanwhile, secondary data such as catch production data, development of the number and types of fishing units, the size of the port pool area, and the depth of the waters were taken through the interviews method. The utilization rate of the main facilities utilization of Berea fish landing base are a pier utilization rate of 90.5%, a port pool of 72.5%, a land port 86%, and two meters of water depth are required. Based on the research results, it is found that the long pier is still possible to accommodate ships that are anchored, while the port pool and portland still meet the requirements, however, dredging is necessary for dredging the depth of the waters for shipping in and out of ships. Key words: birea fish landing base, the level of main facilities utilization, bantaeng regency

    The Characteristics of Fishing Ground Using Purse Seine in Makassar Strait and Flores Sea

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    In order to optimally utilize marine fishery resources, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia divides Indonesian waters into 11 Fisheries Management Areas (IFMA), one of which is IFMA 713 which includes the waters of Bone Gulf, Bali Sea, Flores Sea and Makassar Strait. This study aims to provide information on the utilization of pelagic fish resources with a focus on the characteristics of fishing areas using purse seine fishing gear in the Makassar Strait and Flores Sea. In this study, 62 fishing trips using purse seines were carried out, each has 31 trips fishing operation in the Makassar Strait and in the waters of Flores Sea, respectively. The main catch and number for each water area was skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) as many as 2,367 fish (Makassar Strait). While in the Flores Sea area, it is dominated by little tuna (Euthynnus sp) with a total of 11,039 fish. The results of this study indicate that the correlation of sea surface temperature with chlorophyll-a in the waters of the Makassar Strait and Flores Sea has a negative relationship with an optimum sea surface temperature of 30.5 °C for skipjack tuna and 28.0 °C for little tuna which corresponds to the chlorophyll-a concentration of 0.3 mg m-3 (skipjack tuna) and 0.2 mg m-3 for little tuna. The vertical distribution of skipjack tuna was found at the optimum depth of around 50 m, while most little tuna was caught in deeper waters around 250 m

    EDUKASI PANGAN HALAL BERBASIS MINUMAN HERBAL TEH KELOR KAYU MANIS PADA PENDERITA DIABETES DI PUSKESMAS PARANGLOE, KAB. GOWA

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    Daun kelor dan kayu manis merupakan salah satu contoh tanaman obat tradisional yang memiliki banyak manfaat dan kandungan nutrisi. Kedua tanaman tersebut memiliki antioksidan yang tinggi sehingga dapat meningkatkan imunitas tubuh dan dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah pada penderita diabetes melitus. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah memanfaatkan tanaman obat daun kelor dan kayu manis melalui penyuluhan dan demonstrasi pembuatan minuman herbal pada kelompok penderita diabetes melitus. Metode yang digunakan adalah ceramah, diskusi, dan demonstrasi. Media yang digunakan adalah leaflet. Kegiatan diawali dengan pemeriksaan glukosa darah, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pretest, penyuluhan kesehatan terkait kandungan dan manfaat daun kelor serta kayu manis untuk kesehatan. Selanjutnya, dilakukan demonstrasi terkait cara pembuatan teh herbal daun kelor kayu manis, kemudian posttest. Hasil kegiatan pengabdian ini menunjukkan sebanyak 32% peserta memiliki glukosa darah tidak terkontrol, terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan kategori baik sebesar 42% sebelum dan setelah dilakukan penyuluhan, dan terjadi peningkatan keterampilan peserta dalam pembuatan teh herbal kelor kayu manis. Disarankan untuk pengabdian berikutnya dapat membuat UMKM produksi teh herbal daun kelor kayu manis

    Skipjack Tuna Fishing Ground Based on Oceanography Satellite Image Data in Fisheries Management Area (FMA) 713

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    This study aimed to map the oceanographic conditions and, based on that, to determine the favorable condition of skipjack tuna fishing ground in Fisheries Management Area (FMA) 713. This condition includes sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a concentration. The primary data, such as fishing ground position and fish catch per trip, was collected by following the fishing operations that utilized pole and line (in Bone Gulf and Flores Sea) and purse seine fishing operations (in Makassar Strait). The secondary data, such as SST and chlorophyll-a, was derived from oceanographic satellite image data. The result showed that from January to August 2019, the skipjack tuna tends to occupy off shore areas where the sea surface temperature is between 29 - 29.5 oC and the chlorophyll-a density is between 0.10 to 0.15 mg.m3

    Oceanographic Conditions on Small Pelagic Fishery in the Gulf of Bone Waters

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    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the dinamic oceanographic condition and fluctuation in the catch of small pelagic fish. Study on the dinamic oceanographic conditions were focused on the sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a concentration (SSC) and water depth. The study took place in the area of Gulf of Bone located, data collection was started from April to September 2017. The data were collected using experimental fishing metode (large liftnet) and applications of remote sensing in satellite oceanography, which then analysed using Geographic Information System (GIS) dan Generalized Additive Models (GAMs). The result showed that the distribution of small pelagic fish tends to be within the area of temperature ranging from 29.5 to 30.0oC, the chlorophyll-a from 0.7 to 0.9 mg.m-3 and concentrated within the coastal area with in waters depth maximum of 100 m.Keywords: Oceanography, small pelagic fish, distribution, fishing ground, Gulf of Bon
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