5,601 research outputs found

    Efficient solution of parabolic equations by Krylov approximation methods

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    Numerical techniques for solving parabolic equations by the method of lines is addressed. The main motivation for the proposed approach is the possibility of exploiting a high degree of parallelism in a simple manner. The basic idea of the method is to approximate the action of the evolution operator on a given state vector by means of a projection process onto a Krylov subspace. Thus, the resulting approximation consists of applying an evolution operator of a very small dimension to a known vector which is, in turn, computed accurately by exploiting well-known rational approximations to the exponential. Because the rational approximation is only applied to a small matrix, the only operations required with the original large matrix are matrix-by-vector multiplications, and as a result the algorithm can easily be parallelized and vectorized. Some relevant approximation and stability issues are discussed. We present some numerical experiments with the method and compare its performance with a few explicit and implicit algorithms

    Similarity-Aware Spectral Sparsification by Edge Filtering

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    In recent years, spectral graph sparsification techniques that can compute ultra-sparse graph proxies have been extensively studied for accelerating various numerical and graph-related applications. Prior nearly-linear-time spectral sparsification methods first extract low-stretch spanning tree from the original graph to form the backbone of the sparsifier, and then recover small portions of spectrally-critical off-tree edges to the spanning tree to significantly improve the approximation quality. However, it is not clear how many off-tree edges should be recovered for achieving a desired spectral similarity level within the sparsifier. Motivated by recent graph signal processing techniques, this paper proposes a similarity-aware spectral graph sparsification framework that leverages efficient spectral off-tree edge embedding and filtering schemes to construct spectral sparsifiers with guaranteed spectral similarity (relative condition number) level. An iterative graph densification scheme is introduced to facilitate efficient and effective filtering of off-tree edges for highly ill-conditioned problems. The proposed method has been validated using various kinds of graphs obtained from public domain sparse matrix collections relevant to VLSI CAD, finite element analysis, as well as social and data networks frequently studied in many machine learning and data mining applications

    A Time Dependent Multi-Determinant approach to nuclear dynamics

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    We study a multi-determinant approach to the time evolution of the nuclear wave functions (TDMD). We employ the Dirac variational principle and use as anzatz for the nuclear wave-function a linear combination of Slater determinants and derive the equations of motion. We demonstrate explicitly that the norm of the wave function and the energy are conserved during the time evolution. This approach is a direct generalization of the time dependent Hartree-Fock method. We apply this approach to a case study of 6Li{}^6Li using the N3LO interaction renormalized to 4 major harmonic oscillator shells. We solve the TDMD equations of motion using Krylov subspace methods of Lanczos type. We discuss as an application the isoscalar monopole strength function.Comment: 38 pages, additional calculations included. Accepted for publication, Int. J. of Mod. Phys.

    Self-adaptive Multiprecision Preconditioners on Multicore and Manycore Architectures

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    Abstract. Based on the premise that preconditioners needed for scien-tific computing are not only required to be robust in the numerical sense, but also scalable for up to thousands of light-weight cores, we argue that this two-fold goal is achieved for the recently developed self-adaptive multi-elimination preconditioner. For this purpose, we revise the under-lying idea and analyze the performance of implementations realized in the PARALUTION and MAGMA open-source software libraries on GPU architectures (using either CUDA or OpenCL), Intel’s Many Integrated Core Architecture, and Intel’s Sandy Bridge processor. The comparison with other well-established preconditioners like multi-coloured Gauss-Seidel, ILU(0) and multi-colored ILU(0), shows that the twofold goal of a numerically stable cross-platform performant algorithm is achieved.

    Improved numerical methods for infinite spin chains with long-range interactions

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    We present several improvements of the infinite matrix product state (iMPS) algorithm for finding ground states of one-dimensional quantum systems with long-range interactions. As a main new ingredient we introduce the superposed multi-optimization (SMO) method, which allows an efficient optimization of exponentially many MPS of different length at different sites all in one step. Hereby the algorithm becomes protected against position dependent effects as caused by spontaneously broken translational invariance. So far, these have been a major obstacle to convergence for the iMPS algorithm if no prior knowledge of the systems translational symmetry was accessible. Further, we investigate some more general methods to speed up calculations and improve convergence, which might be partially interesting in a much broader context, too. As a more special problem, we also look into translational invariant states close to an invariance braking phase transition and show how to avoid convergence into wrong local minima for such systems. Finally, we apply the new methods to polar bosons with long-range interactions. We calculate several detailed Devil's Staircases with the corresponding phase diagrams and investigate some supersolid properties.Comment: Main text: 17 pages plus references, 8 figures. Supplementary info: 6 pages. v2: improved presentation and more results adde

    Linear response strength functions with iterative Arnoldi diagonalization

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    We report on an implementation of a new method to calculate RPA strength functions with iterative non-hermitian Arnoldi diagonalization method, which does not explicitly calculate and store the RPA matrix. We discuss the treatment of spurious modes, numerical stability, and how the method scales as the used model space is enlarged. We perform the particle-hole RPA benchmark calculations for double magic nucleus 132Sn and compare the resulting electromagnetic strength functions against those obtained within the standard RPA.Comment: 9 RevTeX pages, 11 figures, submitted to Physical Review

    Nonequilibrium electron transport using the density matrix renormalization group

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    We extended the Density Matrix Renormalization Group method to study the real time dynamics of interacting one dimensional spinless Fermi systems by applying the full time evolution operator to an initial state. As an example we describe the propagation of a density excitation in an interacting clean system and the transport through an interacting nano structure

    Targeted Excited State Algorithms

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    To overcome the limitations of the traditional state-averaging approaches in excited state calculations, where one solves for and represents all states between the ground state and excited state of interest, we have investigated a number of new excited state algorithms. Building on the work of van der Vorst and Sleijpen (SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 17, 401 (1996)), we have implemented Harmonic Davidson and State-Averaged Harmonic Davidson algorithms within the context of the Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG). We have assessed their accuracy and stability of convergence in complete active space DMRG calculations on the low-lying excited states in the acenes ranging from naphthalene to pentacene. We find that both algorithms offer increased accuracy over the traditional State-Averaged Davidson approach, and in particular, the State-Averaged Harmonic Davidson algorithm offers an optimal combination of accuracy and stability in convergence

    Computing and deflating eigenvalues while solving multiple right hand side linear systems in Quantum Chromodynamics

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    We present a new algorithm that computes eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a Hermitian positive definite matrix while solving a linear system of equations with Conjugate Gradient (CG). Traditionally, all the CG iteration vectors could be saved and recombined through the eigenvectors of the tridiagonal projection matrix, which is equivalent theoretically to unrestarted Lanczos. Our algorithm capitalizes on the iteration vectors produced by CG to update only a small window of vectors that approximate the eigenvectors. While this window is restarted in a locally optimal way, the CG algorithm for the linear system is unaffected. Yet, in all our experiments, this small window converges to the required eigenvectors at a rate identical to unrestarted Lanczos. After the solution of the linear system, eigenvectors that have not accurately converged can be improved in an incremental fashion by solving additional linear systems. In this case, eigenvectors identified in earlier systems can be used to deflate, and thus accelerate, the convergence of subsequent systems. We have used this algorithm with excellent results in lattice QCD applications, where hundreds of right hand sides may be needed. Specifically, about 70 eigenvectors are obtained to full accuracy after solving 24 right hand sides. Deflating these from the large number of subsequent right hand sides removes the dreaded critical slowdown, where the conditioning of the matrix increases as the quark mass reaches a critical value. Our experiments show almost a constant number of iterations for our method, regardless of quark mass, and speedups of 8 over original CG for light quark masses.Comment: 22 pages, 26 eps figure
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