480 research outputs found

    Zero Temperature Limit of Holographic Superconductors

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    We consider holographic superconductors whose bulk description consists of gravity minimally coupled to a Maxwell field and charged scalar field with general potential. We give an analytic argument that there is no "hard gap": the real part of the conductivity at low frequency remains nonzero (although typically exponentially small) even at zero temperature. We also numerically construct the gravitational dual of the ground state of some holographic superconductors. Depending on the charge and dimension of the condensate, the infrared theory can have emergent conformal or just Poincare symmetry. In all cases studied, the area of the horizon of the dual black hole goes to zero in the extremal limit, consistent with a nondegenerate ground state.Comment: 27 pages, 8 figure

    The gauge-string duality and heavy ion collisions

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    I review at a non-technical level the use of the gauge-string duality to study aspects of heavy ion collisions, with special emphasis on the trailing string calculation of heavy quark energy loss. I include some brief speculations on how variants of the trailing string construction could provide a toy model of black hole formation and evaporation. This essay is an invited contribution to "Forty Years of String Theory" and is aimed at philosophers and historians of science as well as physicists.Comment: 21 page

    Non-supersymmetric deformations of the dual of a confining gauge theory

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    We introduce a computational technique for studying non-supersymmetric deformations of domain wall solutions of interest in AdS/CFT. We focus on the Klebanov-Strassler solution, which is dual to a confining gauge theory. From an analysis of asymptotics we find that there are three deformations that leave the ten-dimensional supergravity solution regular and preserve the global bosonic symmetries of the supersymmetric solution. Also, we show that there are no regular near-extremal deformations preserving the global symmetries, as one might expect from the existence of a gap in the gauge theory.Comment: 18 pages, latex, published as JHEP 0305 (2003) 03

    The Gregory-Laflamme instability for the D2-D0 bound state

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    The D2-D0 bound state exhibits a Gregory-Laflamme instability when it is sufficiently non-extremal. If there are no D0-branes, the requisite non-extremality is finite. When most of the extremal mass comes from D0-branes, the requisite non-extremality is very small. The location of the threshhold for the instability is determined using a local thermodynamic analysis which is then checked against a numerical analysis of the linearized equations of motion. The thermodynamic analysis reveals an instability of non-commutative field theory at finite temperature, which may occur only at very long wavelengths as the decoupling limit is approached.Comment: 19 pages, Latex2e. v2: two refs added. v3: clearer exposition in section

    Asymptotic Symmetry and the General Black Hole Solution in Ads_3 Gravity

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    We describe the Brown-Henneaux asymptotic symmetry of the general black holes in the Chern-Simons gauge theory of the gauge group SL(2;R)LĂ—SL(2;R)RSL(2;{\bf R})_L\times SL(2;{\bf R})_R. We make it clear that the vector-like subgroup SL(2;R)L+RSL(2; {\bf R})_{L+R} plays an essential role in describing the asymptotic symmetry consistently. We find a quite general black hole solution in the AdS3AdS_3 gravity theory. The solution is specified by an infinite number of conserved quantities which constitute a family of mapping from S1S^1 to the gauge group. The BTZ black hole is one of the simplest case.Comment: 19 pages, no figur

    On (multi-)center branes and exact string vacua

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    Multicenter supergravity solutions corresponding to Higgs phases of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories are considered. For NS5 branes we identify three cases where there is a description in terms of exact conformal field theories. Other supergravity solutions, such as D3-branes with angular momentum, are understood as special limits of multicenter ones. Within our context we also consider 4-dim gravitational multi-instantons.Comment: 9 pages, latex; To be published in the proceedings of the Quantum Aspects of Gauge Theories, Supersymmetry and Unification, Corfu, Greece, 20-26 September 199

    Introduction to Holographic Superconductors

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    These lectures give an introduction to the theory of holographic superconductors. These are superconductors that have a dual gravitational description using gauge/gravity duality. After introducing a suitable gravitational theory, we discuss its properties in various regimes: the probe limit, the effects of backreaction, the zero temperature limit, and the addition of magnetic fields. Using the gauge/gravity dictionary, these properties reproduce many of the standard features of superconductors. Some familiarity with gauge/gravity duality is assumed. A list of open problems is included at the end.Comment: 34 pages, 10 figures, to appear in the proceedings of the 5th Aegean Summer School, "From Gravity to Thermal Gauge Theories: the AdS/CFT Correspondence"; v2: references adde

    Heavy-quark energy loss in pQCD and SYM plasmas

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    We consider heavy-quark energy loss and pT-broadening in a strongly-coupled N=4 Super Yang Mills (SYM) plasma, and the problem of finite-extend matter is addressed. When expressed in terms of the appropriate saturation momentum, one finds identical parametric forms for the energy loss in pQCD and SYM theory, while pT-broadening is radiation dominated in SYM theory and multiple scattering dominated in pQCD.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, Proceedings of the IIIrd Workshop for Young Scientists on the Physics of Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (HotQuarks08), Estes Park, USA, August 18-23 200

    Robustness of Sound Speed and Jet Quenching for Gauge/Gravity Models of Hot QCD

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    We probe the effectiveness and robustness of a simple gauge/gravity dual model of the QCD fireball that breaks conformal symmetry by constructing a family of similar geometries that solve the scalar/gravity equations of motion. This family has two parameters, one of which is associated to the temperature. We calculate two quantities, the speed of sound and the jet-quenching parameter. We find the speed of sound to be universal and robust over all the geometries when appropriate units are used, while the jet-quenching parameter varies significantly away from the conformal limit. We note that the overall structure of the jet-quenching depends strongly on whether the running scalar is the dilaton or not. We also discuss the variation of the scalar potential over our family of solutions, and truncate our results to where the associated error is small.Comment: 21 pages, 9 figures, LaTeX. v2:references added, minor correction to speed of sound; conclusions unchange

    Cascading RG Flows from New Sasaki-Einstein Manifolds

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    In important recent developments, new Sasaki-Einstein spaces Yp,qY^{p,q} and conformal gauge theories dual to AdS5Ă—Yp,qAdS_5\times Y^{p,q} have been constructed. We consider a stack of N D3-branes and M wrapped D5-branes at the apex of a cone over Yp,qY^{p,q}. Replacing the D-branes by their fluxes, we construct asymptotic solutions for all p and q in the form of warped products of the cone and R3,1R^{3,1}. We show that they describe cascading RG flows where N decreases logarithmically with the scale. The warp factor, which we determine explicitly, is a function of the radius of the cone and one of the coordinates on Yp,qY^{p,q}. We describe the RG cascades in the dual quiver gauge theories, and find an exact agreement between the supergravity and the field theory beta functions. We also discuss certain dibaryon operators and their dual wrapped D3-branes in the conformal case M=0.Comment: 22 pages, 6 figures; v2 minor corrections; v3 refs, orbifold discussion added; v4 more ref
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