763 research outputs found

    Algebraic and geometric aspects of generalized quantum dynamics

    Get PDF
    \noindent We briefly discuss some algebraic and geometric aspects of the generalized Poisson bracket and non--commutative phase space for generalized quantum dynamics, which are analogous to properties of the classical Poisson bracket and ordinary symplectic structure.Comment: 10pages,revtex, IASSNSHEP-93/5

    Statistical thermodynamics for a non-commutative special relativity: Emergence of a generalized quantum dynamics

    Full text link
    There ought to exist a description of quantum field theory which does not depend on an external classical time. To achieve this goal, in a recent paper we have proposed a non-commutative special relativity in which space-time and matter degrees of freedom are treated as classical matrices with arbitrary commutation relations, and a space-time line element is defined using a trace. In the present paper, following the theory of Trace Dynamics, we construct a statistical thermodynamics for the non-commutative special relativity, and show that one arrives at a generalized quantum dynamics in which space and time are non-classical and have an operator status. In a future work, we will show how standard quantum theory on a classical space-time background is recovered from here.Comment: 21 pages. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1106.091

    Analytical results for the confinement mechanism in QCD_3

    Get PDF
    We present analytical methods for investigating the interaction of two heavy quarks in QCD_3 using the effective action approach. Our findings result in explicit expressions for the static potentials in QCD_3 for long and short distances. With regard to confinement, our conclusion reflects many features found in the more realistic world of QCD_4.Comment: 24 pages, uses REVTe

    Monte Carlo Quasi-Heatbath by approximate inversion

    Full text link
    When sampling the distribution P(phi) ~ exp(-|A phi|^2), a global heatbath normally proceeds by solving the linear system A phi = eta, where eta is a normal Gaussian vector, exactly. This paper shows how to preserve the distribution P(phi) while solving the linear system with arbitrarily low accuracy. Generalizations are presented.Comment: 10 pages, 1 figure; typos corrected, reference added; version to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Renormalization without infinities

    Full text link
    Most renormalizable quantum field theories can be rephrased in terms of Feynman diagrams that only contain dressed irreducible 2-, 3-, and 4-point vertices. These irreducible vertices in turn can be solved from equations that also only contain dressed irreducible vertices. The diagrams and equations that one ends up with do not contain any ultraviolet divergences. The original bare Lagrangian of the theory only enters in terms of freely adjustable integration constants. It is explained how the procedure proposed here is related to the renormalization group equations. The procedure requires the identification of unambiguous "paths" in a Feynman diagrams, and it is shown how to define such paths in most of the quantum field theories that are in use today. We do not claim to have a more convenient calculational scheme here, but rather a scheme that allows for a better conceptual understanding of ultraviolet infinities. Dedicated to Paul Frampton's 60th birthdayComment: 8 pages, 11 figures. Proc. Coral Gables Conference, dec. 16-21, 200

    Weisskopf-Wigner Decay Theory for the Energy-Driven Stochastic Schr\"odinger Equation

    Get PDF
    We generalize the Weisskopf-Wigner theory for the line shape and transition rates of decaying states to the case of the energy-driven stochastic Schr\"odinger equation that has been used as a phenomenology for state vector reduction. Within the standard approximations used in the Weisskopf-Wigner analysis, and assuming that the perturbing potential inducing the decay has vanishing matrix elements within the degenerate manifold containing the decaying state, the stochastic Schr\"odinger equation linearizes. Solving the linearized equations, we find no change from the standard analysis in the line shape or the transition rate per unit time. The only effect of the stochastic terms is to alter the early time transient behavior of the decay, in a way that eliminates the quantum Zeno effect. We apply our results to estimate experimental bounds on the parameter governing the stochastic effects.Comment: 29 pages in RevTeX, Added Note, references adde

    On Di\'osi-Penrose criterion of gravity-induced quantum collapse

    Full text link
    It is shown that the Di\'osi-Penrose criterion of gravity-induced quantum collapse may be inconsistent with the discreteness of space-time, which is generally considered as an indispensable element in a complete theory of quantum gravity. Moreover, the analysis also suggests that the discreteness of space-time may result in rapider collapse of the superposition of energy eigenstates than required by the Di\'osi-Penrose criterion.Comment: 5 pages, no figure

    Master Functional And Proper Formalism For Quantum Gauge Field Theory

    Full text link
    We develop a general field-covariant approach to quantum gauge theories. Extending the usual set of integrated fields and external sources to "proper" fields and sources, which include partners of the composite fields, we define the master functional Omega, which collects one-particle irreducible diagrams and upgrades the usual Gamma-functional in several respects. The functional Omega is determined from its classical limit applying the usual diagrammatic rules to the proper fields. Moreover, it behaves as a scalar under the most general perturbative field redefinitions, which can be expressed as linear transformations of the proper fields. We extend the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism and the master equation. The master functional satisfies the extended master equation and behaves as a scalar under canonical transformations. The most general perturbative field redefinitions and changes of gauge-fixing can be encoded in proper canonical transformations, which are linear and do not mix integrated fields and external sources. Therefore, they can be applied as true changes of variables in the functional integral, instead of mere replacements of integrands. This property overcomes a major difficulty of the functional Gamma. Finally, the new approach allows us to prove the renormalizability of gauge theories in a general field-covariant setting. We generalize known cohomological theorems to the master functional and show that when there are no gauge anomalies all divergences can be subtracted by means of parameter redefinitions and proper canonical transformations.Comment: 32 pages; v2: minor changes and proof corrections, EPJ

    Matter-induced vertices for photon splitting in a weakly magnetized plasma

    Get PDF
    We evaluate the three-photon vertex functions at order BB and B2B^{2} in a weak constant magnetic field at finite temperature and density with on shell external lines. Their application to the study of the photon splitting process leads to consider high energy photons whose dispersion relations are not changed significantly by the plasma effects. The absorption coefficient is computed and compared with the perturbative vacuum result. For the values of temperature and density of some astrophysical objects with a weak magnetic field, the matter effects are negligible.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure. Accepted for publication in PR
    corecore