416,722 research outputs found

    Gauge Independence and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in a Strong Magnetic Field

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    The gauge independence of the dynamical fermion mass generated through chiral symmetry breaking in QED in a strong, constant external magnetic field is critically examined. We present a (first, to the best of our knowledge) consistent truncation of the Schwinger-Dyson equations in the lowest Landau level approximation. We demonstrate that the dynamical fermion mass, obtained as the solution of the truncated Schwinger-Dyson equations evaluated on the fermion mass shell, is manifestly gauge independent.Comment: 10 pages, 1 eps figure, version to appear in Annals of Physic

    Three-dimensional turbulent-mixing-length modeling for discrete-hole coolant injection into a crossflow

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    Three dimensional mixing length models of a flow field immediately downstream of coolant injection through a discrete circular hole at a 30 deg angle into a crossflow were derived from the measurements of turbulence intensity. To verify their effectiveness, the models were used to estimate the anisotropic turbulent effects in a simplified theoretical and numerical analysis to compute the velocity and temperature fields. With small coolant injection mass flow rate and constant surface temperature, numerical results of the local crossflow streamwise velocity component and surface heat transfer rate are consistent with the velocity measurement and the surface film cooling effectiveness distributions reported in previous studies

    Microwave induced elastic deformation of a metallic thin film

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    The microwave induced elastic deformation of a metallic thin film is computed numerically and we found that the deformation can be significantly enhanced at resonance. We show that an analytical transmission line model can reproduce the numerical results almost quantitatively and at the same time reveal the underlying physics.Comment: 8 pages,3 figure

    DC Spin Current Generation in a Rashba-type Quantum Channel

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    We propose and demonstrate theoretically that resonant inelastic scattering (RIS) can play an important role in dc spin current generation. The RIS makes it possible to generate dc spin current via a simple gate configuration: a single finger-gate that locates atop and orients transversely to a quantum channel in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction. The ac biased finger-gate gives rise to a time-variation in the Rashba coupling parameter, which causes spin-resolved RIS, and subsequently contributes to the dc spin current. The spin current depends on both the static and the dynamic parts in the Rashba coupling parameter, α0\alpha_0 and α1\alpha_1, respectively, and is proportional to α0α12\alpha_0 \alpha_1^2. The proposed gate configuration has the added advantage that no dc charge current is generated. Our study also shows that the spin current generation can be enhanced significantly in a double finger-gate configuration.Comment: 4 pages,4 figure