4,781 research outputs found

    Aspects of symmetry breaking in SO(10) GUTs

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    I review some recent results on the Higgs sector of minimal SO(10) grand unified theories both with and without supersymmetry. It is shown that nonsupersymmetric SO(10) with just one adjoint triggering the first stage of the symmetry breaking does provide a successful gauge unification when radiative corrections are taken into account in the scalar potential, while in the supersymmetric case it is argued that the troubles in achieving a phenomenologically viable breaking with representations up to the adjoint are overcome by considering the flipped SO(10) embedding of the hypercharge.Comment: 8 pages, 1 figure; prepared for the proceedings of DISCRETE'10 - Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetrie

    On soft breaking and CP phases in the supersymmetric standard model

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    We consider a class of N=1 supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model in which the soft breaking sector is CP conserving at the GUT scale. We study the question of whether the presence of explicit CP violation in the Yukawa sector of the theory induces through renormalization effects CP violating phases in the soft terms, which could lead to observable effects. A clear pattern appears in the structure of phases in the soft sector. In particular, the inclusion of intergenerational mixing induces large phases in the flavour mixing entries of the trilinear soft breaking terms, whereas the diagonal entries remain real. A mechanism is proposed for generating through chargino exchange a contribution to the neutron electric dipole moment which can be a few orders of magnitude larger that that of the Standard Model, although still out of reach of experimental tests. We comment on the possible relevance of these phases for baryogenesis at the weak scale in minimal supersymetric scenarios, recently considered in the literature.Comment: 12 pages + 1 figure (postscript file available on request), LATEX, SISSA 173/93/E

    Supersymmetric predictions for the inclusive b‚Üíső≥b\to s\gamma decay

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    We study the penguin induced transition b‚Üís¬†ő≥b\to s\ \gamma in the minimal N=1 supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model with radiative breaking of the electroweak group. We include the effects of one-loop corrections to the Higgs potential and scalar masses. We show that the present upper and lower experimental limits on the inclusive decay sharply constrain the parameter space of the model in a wide range of tan‚Ā°ő≤\tan\beta values. The implications of the recently advocated relation ‚ą£B‚ą£‚Č•2|B|\ge 2 for the bilinear SUSY soft breaking parameter in grand unified theories are also analyzed.Comment: 23 pages + 12 figures (hardcopies available on request), LATEX, SISSA 40/94/E

    D3-branes dynamics and black holes

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    Using the D3-brane as the fundamental tool, we adress two aspects of D-branes physics. The first regards the interaction between two electromagnetic dual D-branes in 10 dimensions. In particular, we give a meaning to {\it both} even and odd spin structure contributions, the latter being non vanishing for non zero relative velocity vv (and encoding the Lorentz-like contribution). The second aspect regards the D-brane/black holes correspondence. We show how the 4 dimensional configuration corresponding to a {\it single} D3-brane wrapped on the orbifold T^6/Z_3 represents a regular Reissner-Nordstrom solution of d=4 N=2 supergravityComment: 8 pages, latex, 1 eps figure. Talk presented by M. Bertolini at the conference "Quantum aspects of gauge theories, supergravity and unification" in Corfu`; to appear in the proceeding

    Closed string exchanges on C2/Z2C^2/Z_2 in a background B-field

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    In an earlier work it was shown that the IR singularities arising in the nonplanar one loop two point function of a noncommutative N=2{\cal N}=2 gauge theory can be reproduced exactly from the massless closed string exchanges. The noncommutative gauge theory is realised on a fractional D3D_3 brane localised at the fixed point of the C2/Z2C^2/Z_2 orbifold. In this paper we identify the contributions from each of the closed string modes. The sum of these adds upto the nonplanar two-point function.Comment: 27 page

    Regular R-R and NS-NS BPS black holes

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    We show in a precise group theoretical fashion how the generating solution of regular BPS black holes of N=8 supergravity, which is known to be a solution also of a simpler N=2 STU model truncation, can be characterized as NS-NS or R-R charged according to the way the corresponding STU model is embedded in the original N=8 theory. Of particular interest is the class of embeddings which yield regular BPS black hole solutions carrying only R-R charge and whose microscopic description can possibly be given in terms of bound states of D-branes only. The microscopic interpretation of the bosonic fields in this class of STU models relies on the solvable Lie algebra (SLA) method. In the present article we improve this mathematical technique in order to provide two distinct descriptions for type IIA and type IIB theories and an algebraic characterization of S*T--dual embeddings within the N=8,d=4 theory. This analysis will be applied to the particular example of a four parameter (dilatonic) solution of which both the full macroscopic and microscopic descriptions will be worked out.Comment: latex, 30 pages. Final version to appear on Int.J.Mod.Phy

    Direct CP Violation in B->phi K_s and New Physics

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    In the presence of large New Physics contributions to loop-induced b->s transitions, sizable direct CP violation in B-> phi K decays is expected on general grounds. We compute explicitly CP-violating effects using QCD factorization and find that, even in the restricted case in which New Physics has the same penguin structure as the Standard Model, the rate asymmetry can be of order one. We briefly discuss a more general scenario and comment on the inclusion of power-suppressed corrections to factorization.Comment: 3 page
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