4,511 research outputs found

    The kinematics and morphology of NGC 520: One, two, or three galaxies

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    The peculiar galaxy NGC 520 (Arp 157) is often interpreted as an interacting pair of galaxies. The identification of the two bulges and overall morphology of the two galaxies has long been a puzzle which the authors attempt to solve here. New longslit optical spectroscopy and near-infrared images of NGC 520 are presented. These data suggest that the northwest peak is the bulge of one of two galaxies in the system. The other larger bulge is clearly evident in the K band image in the middle of the dust lane. The stellar radial velocity profile in the central 10 seconds of the larger bulge is consistent with counterrotation seen in the molecular gas component. This kinematic subsystem could be the remains of a merged gas-rich irregular


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    Wide-field optical and near--IR (JHKJHK) imaging is presented for two rich galaxy clusters: Abell~370 at z=0.374z=0.374 and Abell~851 (Cl0939+47) at z=0.407z=0.407. Galaxy catalogs selected from the near--IR images are 90\% complete to approximately 1.5 mag below K∗K^\ast resulting in samples with ∼\sim100 probable member galaxies per cluster in the central ∼\sim2 Mpc. Comparison with HSTHST WFPC images yields subsamples of ∼\sim70 galaxies in each cluster with morphological types. Analysis of the complete samples and the HSTHST subsamples shows that the z∼0.4z\sim 0.4 E/S0s are bluer than those in the Bower et al.\ (1992) Coma sample in the optical−K-K color by 0.130.13~mag for Abell~370 and by 0.180.18~mag for Abell~851. If real, the bluing of the E/S0 populations at moderate redshift is consistent with that calculated from the Bruzual and Charlot (1993) models of passive elliptical galaxy evolution. In both clusters the intrinsic scatter of the known E/S0s about their optical−K-K color--mag relation is small (∼0.06\sim 0.06 mag) and not significantly different from that of Coma E/S0s as given by Bower et al.\ (1992), indicating that the galaxies within each cluster formed at the same time at an early epoch.Comment: uuencoded gzipped tar file containing latex files of manuscript (42 pages) plus tables (9 pages); figures available by anonymous ftp at ftp://ipac.caltech.edu//pub/pickup/sed ; accepted for publication in the Ap

    The K-selected Butcher-Oemler Effect

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    [abridged] We investigate the Butcher-Oemler effect in a sample of K-selected galaxies in 33 clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.92. We attempt to duplicate the original Butcher-Oemler analysis as closely as possible given the characteristics of our data. We find that the infrared selected blue fractions are lower than those measured in the optical and that the trend with redshift is much weaker. Comparison with optical data in clusters in common with Butcher & Oemler (1984) shows that infrared selection is the primary difference between our study and optically selected samples. We suggest that the Butcher-Oemler effect is in large part due to a population of star-forming low mass galaxies which will evolve into dwarf galaxies. These early results point to the need for larger and deeper infrared samples of cluster galaxies to address this issueComment: 37 pages, 19 figures, ApJ accepted (vol 598 n1

    Near-IR imaging of moderate redshift galaxy clusters

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    We have obtained near-IR imaging of 3 moderate-z clusters on the 1.3 m at KPNO with SQIID, a new camera offering wide-field (5.5 arcmin) simultaneous JHK band imaging. Our photometry on a sample of approximately 100 likely member galaxies in one of the clusters, Abell 370 at z = 0.37, shows that we can obtain magnitudes good to 20 percent down to K = 18, considerably below the estimated K* = 16.5 at this redshift. These data indicate that there are no systematic problems in obtaining photometry at faint levels with SQIID. With the development of larger arrays, the field is open to progress. The resulting J, H, and K data for three clusters are combined with previously obtained multiband optical photometry. We present an investigation of the spectral properties and evolution of the dominant cold stellar populations by comparing optical-to-IR colors and color-magnitude diagrams to predictions from population synthesis models and galaxy spectral evolution codes

    CO aperture synthesis of NGC 4038/9 (ARP 244)

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    Researchers present high-resolution (approx. 6 seconds) CO observations of the merging galaxies NGC 4038/9 made with the Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO) Millimeter Wave Interferometer. The CO observations of Arp 244 were obtained between April and June 1988 using the OVRO Millimeter Wave Interferometer. Two fields with phase centers near the NGC 4039 nucleus and near the NGC 4038 nucleus were observed. The size of the synthesized beam is approximately 6.5 x 7 seconds at PA=72 degrees. The rms in a single cleaned channel map is 0.06 Jy beam(exp -1), corresponding to a brightness temperature of 0.12 K over the synthesized beam. Contour maps of the integrated CO intensity for both interferometer fields are shown. Three CO concentrations are evident. Two are centered near the nuclei of NGC 4038 and NGC 4039, closely correlated with H alpha and radio continuum maxima. A third CO emission region lies about 25 seconds northeast of the NGC 4039 nucleus. A number of radio continuum, H alpha, and 10 micron emission knots appear in this region. The total integrated intensity at the northern nuclear source, 302 K km/s, leads to a molecular mass of 8.3 by 10 to the 8th power solar mass assuming a Galactic CO to H2 conversion factor of 3.0 x 10 to the 20th power H2 cm(-2) (K km/s)(-1). The integrated CO intensity of the southern nuclear source leads to a molecular mass of 2.4 x 10 to the 8th solar mass. The extranuclear CO concentration contains 1.2 x 10 to the 9th power solar mass of molecular gas, extending over 170 km/s, and is resolved in a number of channels. Its large size, mass, and morphology strongly suggest that it is an agglomeration of several clumps
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