38,089 research outputs found

    Renormalization group approach to spinor Bose-Fermi mixtures in a shallow optical lattice

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    We study a mixture of ultracold spin-half fermionic and spin-one bosonic atoms in a shallow optical lattice where the bosons are coupled to the fermions via both density-density and spin-spin interactions. We consider the parameter regime where the bosons are in a superfluid ground state, integrate them out, and obtain an effective action for the fermions. We carry out a renormalization group analysis of this effective fermionic action at low temperatures, show that the presence of the spinor bosons may lead to a separation of Fermi surfaces of the spin-up and spin-down fermions, and investigate the parameter range where this phenomenon occurs. We also calculate the susceptibilities corresponding to the possible superfluid instabilities of the fermions and obtain their possible broken-symmetry ground states at low temperatures and weak interactions.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figs v

    Global dispersive solutions for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation in two and three dimensions

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    We study asymptotic behaviour at time infinity of solutions close to the non-zero constant equilibrium for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation in two and three spatial dimensions. We construct a class of global solutions with prescribed dispersive asymptotic behavior, which is given in terms of the linearized evolution

    Remote sensing of sea state by laser altimeters

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    The reflection of short laser pulses from the ocean surface was analyzed based on the specular point theory of scattering. The expressions for the averaged received signal, shot noise and speckle induced noise were derived for a direct detection system. It is found that the reflected laser pulses have an average shape closely related to the probability density function associated with the surface profile. This result is applied to estimate the mean sea level and significant wave height from the receiver output of the laser altimeter