17,985 research outputs found

### Nonsemisimple Fusion Algebras and the Verlinde Formula

We find a nonsemisimple fusion algebra F_p associated with each (1,p)
Virasoro model. We present a nonsemisimple generalization of the Verlinde
formula which allows us to derive F_p from modular transformations of
characters.Comment: LaTeX (amsart, xypic, times), 35p

### Conserved cosmological structures in the one-loop superstring effective action

A generic form of low-energy effective action of superstring theories with
one-loop quantum correction is well known. Based on this action we derive the
complete perturbation equations and general analytic solutions in the
cosmological spacetime. Using the solutions we identify conserved quantities
characterizing the perturbations: the amplitude of gravitational wave and the
perturbed three-space curvature in the uniform-field gauge both in the
large-scale limit, and the angular-momentum of rotational perturbation are
conserved independently of changing gravity sector. Implications for
calculating perturbation spectra generated in the inflation era based on the
string action are presented.Comment: 5 pages, no figure, To appear in Phys. Rev.

### Studies of new media radiation induced laser

Various lasants were investigated especially, 2-iodohepafluoropropane (i-C3F7I) for the direct solar pumped lasers. Optical pumping of iodine laser was achieved using a small flashlamp. Using i-C3F7I as a laser gain medium, threshold inversion density, small signal gain, and laser performance at the elevated temperature were measured. The experimental results and analysis are presented. The iodine laser kinetics of the C3F7I and IBr system were numerically simulated. The concept of a direct solar-pumped laser amplifier using (i-C3F7I) as the laser material was evaluated and several kinetic coefficients for i-C3F7I laser system were reexamined. The results are discussed

### String theoretic axion coupling and the evolution of cosmic structures

We examine the effects of the axion coupling to $R\tilde{R}$ on the evolution
of cosmic structures. It is shown that the evolutions of the scalar- and
vector-type perturbations are not affected by this axion coupling. However the
axion coupling causes an asymmetric evolution of the two polarization states of
the tensor-type perturbation, which may lead to a sizable polarization
asymmetry in the cosmological gravitational wave if inflation involves a period
in which the axion coupling is important. The polarization asymmetry produced
during inflation are conserved over the subsequent evolution as long as the
scales remain in the large-scale limit, and thus this may lead to an observable
trace in the cosmic microwave background radiation.Comment: 10 pages, REVte

### A conserved variable in the perturbed hydrodynamic world model

We introduce a scalar-type perturbation variable $\Phi$ which is conserved in
the large-scale limit considering general sign of three-space curvature ($K$),
the cosmological constant ($\Lambda$), and time varying equation of state. In a
pressureless medium $\Phi$ is {\it exactly conserved} in all scales.Comment: 4 pages, no figure, To appear in Phys. Rev.

### Relativistic Hydrodynamic Cosmological Perturbations

Relativistic cosmological perturbation analyses can be made based on several
different fundamental gauge conditions. In the pressureless limit the variables
in certain gauge conditions show the correct Newtonian behaviors. Considering
the general curvature ($K$) and the cosmological constant ($\Lambda$) in the
background medium, the perturbed density in the comoving gauge, and the
perturbed velocity and the perturbed potential in the zero-shear gauge show the
same behavior as the Newtonian ones in general scales. In the first part, we
elaborate these Newtonian correspondences. In the second part, using the
identified gauge-invariant variables with correct Newtonian correspondences, we
present the relativistic results with general pressures in the background and
perturbation. We present the general super-sound-horizon scale solutions of the
above mentioned variables valid for general $K$, $\Lambda$, and generally
evolving equation of state. We show that, for vanishing $K$, the
super-sound-horizon scale evolution is characterised by a conserved variable
which is the perturbed three-space curvature in the comoving gauge. We also
present equations for the multi-component hydrodynamic situation and for the
rotation and gravitational wave.Comment: 16 pages, no figure, To appear in Gen. Rel. Gra

### Cosmological Gravitational Wave in a Gravity with Quadratic Order Curvature Couplings

We present a set of equations describing the cosmological gravitational wave
in a gravity theory with quadratic order gravitational coupling terms which
naturally arise in quantum correction procedures. It is known that the
gravitational wave equation in the gravity theories with a general $f(R)$ term
in the action leads to a second order differential equation with the only
correction factor appearing in the damping term. The case for a $R^{ab} R_{ab}$
term is completely different. The gravitational wave is described by a fourth
order differential equation both in time and space. However, curiously, we find
that the contributions to the background evolution are qualitatively the same
for both terms.Comment: 4 pages, revtex, no figure

### Parity violation in deuteron photo-disintegration

We analyze the energy dependence for two types of parity-non-conserving
(PNC) asymmetries in the reaction $\gamma D\to np$ in the near-threshold
region. The first one is the asymmetry in reaction with circularly polarized
photon beam and unpolarized deuteron target. The second one corresponds to
those with an unpolarized photon beam and polarized target. We find that the
two asymmetries have quite different energy dependence, and their shapes are
sensitive to the PNC-meson exchange coupling constants.
The predictions for the future possible experiments to provide definite
constraints for the PNC-coupling constants are discussed.Comment: 22 pages, 12 figures. Submitted to Phys.Rev.C 10Oct.0

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