31,654 research outputs found

### Dependence of the Inner DM Profile on the Halo Mass

I compare the density profile of dark matter (DM) halos in cold dark matter
(CDM) N-body simulations with 1 Mpc, 32 Mpc, 256 Mpc and 1024 Mpc box sizes. In
dimensionless units the simulations differ only for the initial power spectrum
of density perturbations. I compare the profiles when the most massive halos
are composed of about 10^5 DM particles. The DM density profiles of the halos
in the 1 Mpc box show systematically shallower cores with respect to the
corresponding halos in the 32 Mpc simulation that have masses, M_{dm}, typical
of the Milky Way and are fitted by a NFW profile. The DM density profiles of
the halos in the 256 Mpc box are consistent with having steeper cores than the
corresponding halos in the 32 Mpc simulation, but higher mass resolution
simulations are needed to strengthen this result. Combined, these results
indicate that the density profile of DM halos is not universal, presenting
shallower cores in dwarf galaxies and steeper cores in clusters. Physically the
result sustains the hypothesis that the mass function of the accreting
satellites determines the inner slope of the DM profile. In comoving
coordinates, r, the profile \rho_{dm} \propto 1/(X^\alpha(1+X)^{3-\alpha}),
with X=c_\Delta r/r_\Delta, r_\Delta is the virial radius and \alpha
=\alpha(M_{dm}), provides a good fit to all the DM halos from dwarf galaxies to
clusters at any redshift with the same concentration parameter c_\Delta ~ 7.
The slope, \gamma, of the outer parts of the halo appears to depend on the
acceleration of the universe: when the scale parameter is a=(1+z)^{-1} < 1, the
slope is \gamma ~ 3 as in the NFW profile, but \gamma ~ 4 at a > 1 when
\Omega_\Lambda ~ 1 and the universe is inflating.[abridged]Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRAS. 13 pages, including 11 figures and
2 tables. The revised version has an additional discussion section and work
on the velocity dispersion anisotrop

### Target Space Duality between Simple Compact Lie Groups and Lie Algebras under the Hamiltonian Formalism: I. Remnants of Duality at the Classical Level

It has been suggested that a possible classical remnant of the phenomenon of
target-space duality (T-duality) would be the equivalence of the classical
string Hamiltonian systems. Given a simple compact Lie group $G$ with a
bi-invariant metric and a generating function $\Gamma$ suggested in the physics
literature, we follow the above line of thought and work out the canonical
transformation $\Phi$ generated by $\Gamma$ together with an \Ad-invariant
metric and a B-field on the associated Lie algebra $\frak g$ of $G$ so that $G$
and $\frak g$ form a string target-space dual pair at the classical level under
the Hamiltonian formalism. In this article, some general features of this
Hamiltonian setting are discussed. We study properties of the canonical
transformation $\Phi$ including a careful analysis of its domain and image. The
geometry of the T-dual structure on $\frak g$ is lightly touched.Comment: Two references and related comments added, also some typos corrected.
LaTeX and epsf.tex, 36 pages, 4 EPS figures included in a uuencoded fil

### Making the hyper--K\"ahler structure of N=2 quantum string manifest

We show that the Lorentz covariant formulation of N=2 string in a curved
space reveals an explicit hyper--K\"ahler structure. Apart from the metric, the
superconformal currents couple to a background two--form. By superconformal
symmetry the latter is constrained to be holomorphic and covariantly constant
and allows one to construct three complex structures obeying a
(pseudo)quaternion algebra.Comment: 8 pages, no figures, PACS: 04.60.Ds; 11.30.Pb, Keywords: N=2 string,
hyper-K\"ahler geometry. Presentation improved, references added. The version
to appear in PR

### Is the Large Magellanic Cloud a Large Microlensing Cloud?

An expression is provided for the self-lensing optical depth of the thin LMC
disk surrounded by a shroud of stars at larger scale heights. The formula is
written in terms of the vertical velocity dispersion of the thin disk
population. If tidal forcing causes 1-5 % of the disk mass to have a height
larger than 6 kpc and 10-15 % to have a height above 3 kpc, then the
self-lensing optical depth of the LMC is $0.7 - 1.9 \times 10^{-7}$, which is
within the observational uncertainties. The shroud may be composed of bright
stars provided they are not in stellar hydrodynamical equilibrium.
Alternatively, the shroud may be built from low mass stars or compact objects,
though then the self-lensing optical depths are overestimates of the true
optical depth by a factor of roughly 3. The distributions of timescales of the
events and their spatial variation across the face of the LMC disk offer
possibilities of identifying the dominant lens population. In propitious
circumstances, an experiment lifetime of less than 5 years is sufficient to
decide between the competing claims of Milky Way halos and LMC lenses. However,
LMC disks can sometimes mimic the microlensing properties of Galactic halos for
many years and then decades of survey work are needed. In this case
observations of parallax or binary caustic events offer the best hope for
current experiments to deduce the lens population. The difficult models to
distinguish are Milky Way halos in which the lens fraction is low (< 10 %) and
fattened LMC disks composed of lenses with a typical mass of low luminosity
stars or greater. A next-generation wide-area microlensing survey, such as the
proposed ``SuperMACHO'' experiment, will be able to distinguish even these
difficult models with just a year or two of data.Comment: 25 pages, 4 figures, The Astrophysical Journal (in press

### Exact static soliton solutions of 3+1 dimensional integrable theory with nonzero Hopf numbers

In this paper we construct explicitly an infinite number of Hopfions (static,
soliton solutions with non-zero Hopf topological charges) within the recently
proposed 3+1-dimensional, integrable and relativistically invariant field
theory. Two integers label the family of Hopfions we have found. Their product
is equal to the Hopf charge which provides a lower bound to the soliton's
finite energy. The Hopfions are constructed explicitly in terms of the toroidal
coordinates and shown to have a form of linked closed vortices.Comment: LaTeX, 7 pg

### Synthesis of SmFeAsO by an Easy and Versatile Route and its Physical Property Characterization

We report synthesis, structure, electrical transport and heat capacity of
SmFeAsO. The title compound is synthesized by one-step encapsulation of
stoichiometric FeAs, Sm, and Sm2O3 in an evacuated (10-5 Torr) quartz tube by
prolong (72 hours) annealing at 1100oC. The as synthesized compound is
crystallized in tetragonal structure with P4/nmm space group having lattice
parameters a = 3.93726(33) A and c = 8.49802(07) A. The resistance (R-T)
measurements on the compound exhibited ground state spin-density-wave
(SDW)-like metallic steps below 140 K. Heat capacity CP(T) measurements on the
title compound, showed an anomaly at around 140 K, which is reminiscent of the
SDW ordering of the compound. At lower temperatures the CP(T) shows a clear
peak at around 4.5 K. At lower temperature below 20 K, Cp(T) is also measured
under an applied field of 7 Tesla. It is concluded that the CP(T) peak at 4.5 K
is due to the anti-ferromagnetic(AFM) ordering of Sm3+ spins. These results are
in confirmation with ordering of Sm in Sm2-xCexCuO4.Comment: 9 pages Text + Figs Contact Author ([email protected]

### Invariant Regularization of Anomaly-Free Chiral Theories

We present a generalization of the Frolov-Slavnov invariant regularization
scheme for chiral fermion theories in curved spacetimes. local gauge symmetries
of the theory, including local Lorentz invariance. The perturbative scheme
works for arbitrary representations which satisfy the chiral gauge anomaly and
the mixed Lorentz-gauge anomaly cancellation conditions. Anomalous theories on
the other hand manifest themselves by having divergent fermion loops which
remain unregularized by the scheme. Since the invariant scheme is promoted to
also include local Lorentz invariance, spectator fields which do not couple to
gravity cannot be, and are not, introduced. Furthermore, the scheme is truly
chiral (Weyl) in that all fields, including the regulators, are left-handed;
and only the left-handed spin connection is needed. The scheme is, therefore,
well suited for the study of the interaction of matter with all four known
forces in a completely chiral fashion. In contrast with the vectorlike
formulation, the degeneracy between the Adler-Bell-Jackiw current and the
fermion number current in the bare action is preserved by the chiral
regularization scheme.Comment: 28pgs, LaTeX. Typos corrected. Further remarks on singlet current

### Scale Factor Duality: A Quantum Cosmological Approach

We consider the minisuperspace model arising from the lowest order string
effective action containing the graviton and the dilaton and study solutions of
the resulting Wheeler-Dewitt equation. The scale factor duality symmetry is
discussed in the context of our quantum cosmological model.Comment: 10 pages, plain tex, uses panda.tex (appended

### Feynman Path Integral on the Noncommutative Plane

We formulate Feynman path integral on a non commutative plane using coherent
states. The propagator for a free particle exhibits UV cut-off induced by the
parameter of non commutativity.Comment: 7pages, latex 2e, no figures. Accepted for publication on J.Phys.

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