18,123 research outputs found

    Relation between the thermodynamic Casimir effect in Bose-gas slabs and critical Casimir forces

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    In a recent letter, Martin and Zagrebnov [Europhys. Lett., 73 (2006) 1] discussed the thermodynamic Casimir effect for the ideal Bose gas confined in a thin film. We point out that their findings can be expressed in terms of previous general results for the Casimir effect induced by confined critical fluctuations. This highlights the links between the Casimir effect in the contexts of critical phenomena and Bose-Einstein condensation.Comment: Comment on cond-mat/050726

    Wetting and capillary nematization of binary hard-platelet and hard-rod fluids

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    Density-functional theory is used to investigate the phase behavior of colloidal binary hard-platelet and hard-rod fluids near a single hard wall or confined in a slit pore. The Zwanzig model, in which the orientations of the particles of rectangular shape are restricted to three orthogonal orientations, is analyzed by numerical minimization of the grand potential functional. The density and orientational profiles as well as the surface contributions to the grand potential are determined. The calculations exhibit a wall-induced continuous surface transition from uniaxial to biaxial symmetry for the hard-rod fluid. Complete wetting of the wall -- isotropic liquid interface by a biaxial nematic film for rods and a uniaxial nematic film for platelets is found. For the fluids confined by two parallel hard walls we determine a first-order capillary nematization transition for large slit widths, which terminates in a capillary critical point upon decreasing the slit width.Comment: 11 pages, 11 figure

    Structure factor of thin films near continuous phase transitions

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    The two-point correlation function in thin films is studied near the critical point of the corresponding bulk system. Based on fieldtheoretic renormalization group theory the dependences of this correlation function on the lateral momentum, the two distances normal to the free surfaces, temperature, and film thickness are determined. The corresponding scattering cross section of X-rays and neutrons under grazing incidence is calculated. It reveals the various singularities of the two-point correlation function.Comment: 61 pages, 14 figures, submitted to PR

    Magnetization of multicomponent ferrofluids

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    The solution of the mean spherical approximation (MSA) integral equation for isotropic multicomponent dipolar hard sphere fluids without external fields is used to construct a density functional theory (DFT), which includes external fields, in order to obtain an analytical expression for the external field dependence of the magnetization of ferrofluidic mixtures. This DFT is based on a second-order Taylor series expansion of the free energy density functional of the anisotropic system around the corresponding isotropic MSA reference system. The ensuing results for the magnetic properties are in quantitative agreement with our canonical ensemble Monte Carlo simulation data presented here.Comment: 12 pages including 4 figure

    Diffusive spreading and mixing of fluid monolayers

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    The use of ultra-thin, i.e., monolayer films plays an important role for the emerging field of nano-fluidics. Since the dynamics of such films is governed by the interplay between substrate-fluid and fluid-fluid interactions, the transport of matter in nanoscale devices may be eventually efficiently controlled by substrate engineering. For such films, the dynamics is expected to be captured by two-dimensional lattice-gas models with interacting particles. Using a lattice gas model and the non-linear diffusion equation derived from the microscopic dynamics in the continuum limit, we study two problems of relevance in the context of nano-fluidics. The first one is the case in which along the spreading direction of a monolayer a mesoscopic-sized obstacle is present, with a particular focus on the relaxation of the fluid density profile upon encountering and passing the obstacle. The second one is the mixing of two monolayers of different particle species which spread side by side following the merger of two chemical lanes, here defined as domains of high affinity for fluid adsorption surrounded by domains of low affinity for fluid adsorption.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figure

    Stability of liquid ridges on chemical micro- and nanostripes

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    We analyze the stability of sessile filaments (ridges) of nonvolatile liquids versus pearling in the case of externally driven flow along a chemical stripe within the framework of the thin film approximation. The ridges can be stable with respect to pearling even if the contact line is not completely pinned. A generalized stability criterion for moving contact lines is provided. For large wavelengths and no drive, within perturbation theory, an analytical expression of the growth rate of pearling instabilities is derived. A numerical analysis shows that drive further stabilizes the ridge by reducing the growth rate of unstable perturbations, even though there is no complete stabilization. Hence the stability criteria established without drive ensure overall stability.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figure