1,945 research outputs found

    New Spherically Symmetric Solutions in f(R)-gravity by Noether Symmetries

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    Spherical symmetry for f(R)-gravity is discussed by searching for Noether symmetries. The method consists in selecting conserved quantities in form of currents that reduce dynamics of f(R)-models compatible with symmetries. In this way we get a general method to obtain constants of motion without setting a priori the form of f(R). In this sense, the Noether symmetry results a physical criterium. Relevant cases are discussed.Comment: 9 pages, accepted for publication in General Relativity and Gravitatio

    The post-Minkowskian limit of f(R)-gravity

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    We formally discuss the post-Minkowskian limit of f(R)f(R)-gravity without adopting conformal transformations but developing all the calculations in the original Jordan frame. It is shown that such an approach gives rise, in general, together with the standard massless graviton, to massive scalar modes whose masses are directly related to the analytic parameters of the theory. In this sense, the presence of massless gravitons only is a peculiar feature of General Relativity. This fact is never stressed enough and could have dramatic consequences in detection of gravitational waves. Finally the role of curvature stress-energy tensor of f(R)f(R)-gravity is discussed showing that it generalizes the so called Landau-Lifshitz tensor of General Relativity. The further degrees of freedom, giving rise to the massive modes, are directly related to the structure of such a tensor.Comment: 9 page

    Testing metric-affine f(R)-gravity by relic scalar gravitational waves

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    We discuss the emergence of scalar gravitational waves in metric-affine f(R)-gravity. Such a component allows to discriminate between metric and metric-affine theories The intrinsic meaning of this result is that the geodesic structure of the theory can be discriminated. We extend the formalism of cross correlation analysis, including the additional polarization mode, and calculate the detectable energy density of the spectrum for cosmological relic gravitons. The possible detection of the signal is discussed against sensitivities of VIRGO, LIGO and LISA interferometers.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    The production of matter from curvature in a particular linearized high order theory of gravity and the longitudinal response function of interferometers

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    The strict analogy between scalar-tensor theories of gravity and high order gravity is well known in literature. In this paper it is shown that, from a particular high order gravity theory known in literature, it is possible to produce, in the linearized approch, particles which can be seen like massive scalar modes of gravitational waves and the response of interferometers to this type of particles is analyzed. The presence of the mass generates a longitudinal force in addition of the transverse one which is proper of the massless gravitational waves and the response of an arm of an interferometer to this longitudinal effect in the frame of a local observer is computed. This longitudinal response function is directly connected with the function of the Ricci scalar in the particular action of this high order theory. Important conseguences from a theoretical point of view could arise from this approach, because it opens to the possibility of using the signals seen from interferometers to understand which is the correct theory of gravitation.Comment: Accepted for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physic

    Probing the dark matter issue in f(R)-gravity via gravitational lensing

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    For a general class of analytic f(R)-gravity theories, we discuss the weak field limit in view of gravitational lensing. Though an additional Yukawa term in the gravitational potential modifies dynamics with respect to the standard Newtonian limit of General Relativity, the motion of massless particles results unaffected thanks to suitable cancellations in the post-Newtonian limit. Thus, all the lensing observables are equal to the ones known from General Relativity. Since f(R)-gravity is claimed, among other things, to be a possible solution to overcome for the need of dark matter in virialized systems, we discuss the impact of our results on the dynamical and gravitational lensing analyses. In this framework, dynamics could, in principle, be able to reproduce the astrophysical observations without recurring to dark matter, but in the case of gravitational lensing we find that dark matter is an unavoidable ingredient. Another important implication is that gravitational lensing, in the post-Newtonian limit, is not able to constrain these extended theories, since their predictions do not differ from General Relativity.Comment: 7 pages, accepted for publication in EPJ

    Running coupling in electroweak interactions of leptons from f(R)-gravity with torsion

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    The f(R)-gravitational theory with torsion is considered for one family of leptons; it is found that the torsion tensor gives rise to interactions having the structure of the weak forces while the intrinsic non-linearity of the f(R) function provides an energy-dependent coupling: in this way, torsional f(R) gravity naturally generates both structure and strength of the electroweak interactions among leptons. This implies that the weak interactions among the lepton fields could be addressed as a geometric effect due to the interactions among spinors induced by the presence of torsion in the most general f(R) gravity. Phenomenological considerations are addressed.Comment: 9 pages. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1012.5529 by other author

    Gravitational Cherenkov Radiation from Extended Theories of Gravity

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    We linearize the field equations for higher order theories of gravity that contain scalar invariants other than the Ricci scalar. We find that besides a massless spin-2 field (the standard graviton), the theory contains also spin-0 and spin-2 massive modes with the latter being, in general, ghost modes. The rate at which such particles would emit gravitational Cherenkov radiation is calculated for some interesting physical cases.Comment: 6 pages, to appear in Mod. Phys. Lett. A. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:0911.3094, arXiv:1105.619

    A general solution in the Newtonian limit of f(R)- gravity

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    We show that any analytic f(R)f(R)-gravity model, in the metric approach, presents a weak field limit where the standard Newtonian potential is corrected by a Yukawa-like term. This general result has never been pointed out but often derived for some particular theories. This means that only f(R)=Rf(R)=R allows to recover the standard Newton potential while this is not the case for other relativistic theories of gravity. Some considerations on the physical consequences of such a general solution are addressed.Comment: 5 page

    String Dilaton Fluid Cosmology

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    We investigate (n+1)(n+1)-dimensional string-dilaton cosmology with effective dilaton potential in presence of perfect-fluid matter.We get exact solutions parametrized by the constant \gam of the state equation p=(\gam-1)\rho, the spatial dimension number nn, the bulk of matter, and the spatial curvature constant kk. Several interesting cosmological behaviours are selected. Finally we discuss the recovering of ordinary Einstein gravity starting from string dominated regime and a sort of asymptotic freedom due to string effective coupling.Comment: 16 pages, Latex, submitted to Int. Jou. Mod. Phys.

    The Cauchy problem for f(R)-gravity: an overview

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    We review the Cauchy problem for f(R) theories of gravity, in metric and metric-affine for- mulations, pointing out analogies and differences with respect to General Relativity. The role of conformal transformations, effective scalar fields and sources in the field equations is discussed in view of the well-posedness of the problem. Finally, criteria of viability of the f(R)-models are considered according to the various matter fields acting as sources.Comment: 14 page
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