9 research outputs found

    Sex workers perspectives on strategies to reduce sexual exploitation and HIV risk: a qualitative study in Tijuana, Mexico.

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    Globally, female sex workers are a population at greatly elevated risk of HIV infection, and the reasons for and context of sex industry involvement have key implications for HIV risk and prevention. Evidence suggests that experiences of sexual exploitation (i.e., forced/coerced sex exchange) contribute to health-related harms. However, public health interventions that address HIV vulnerability and sexual exploitation are lacking. Therefore, the objective of this study was to elicit recommendations for interventions to prevent sexual exploitation and reduce HIV risk from current female sex workers with a history of sexual exploitation or youth sex work. From 2010-2011, we conducted in-depth interviews with sex workers (n = 31) in Tijuana, Mexico who reported having previously experienced sexual exploitation or youth sex work. Participants recommended that interventions aim to (1) reduce susceptibility to sexual exploitation by providing social support and peer-based education; (2) mitigate harms by improving access to HIV prevention resources and psychological support, and reducing gender-based violence; and (3) provide opportunities to exit the sex industry via vocational supports and improved access to effective drug treatment. Structural interventions incorporating these strategies are recommended to reduce susceptibility to sexual exploitation and enhance capacities to prevent HIV infection among marginalized women and girls in Mexico and across international settings

    Efeito da administração sub-crónica de Solanum sisymbriifolium sobre a pressão arterial de ratos com hipertensão induzida por L-NAME

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    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da administração oral sub-cronica por 6 semanas do extrato bruto de S. sisymbriifolium na pressão arterial de ratas hipertensas por Nω-Nitro-L arginina metil éster (L-NAME).CONACYT - Consejo Nacional de Ciencias y TecnologíaPROCIENCI

    Efeito hepatoprotetor e nefroprotetor do extrato de Dorstenia brasiliensis em camundongos.

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    O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o efeito protetor do extrato de Db sobre o dano hepático induzido pelo paracetamol ou tetracloreto de carbono, assim como, a proteção diante ao dano renal induzido pela gentamicina em camundongos.CONACYT - Consejo Nacional de Ciencias y TecnologíaPROCIENCI

    Participant characteristics (N = 30), 2010–2011.

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    a<p>Median (range).</p>*<p>Categories not exclusive.</p><p>NOTE: Data are N (%) of women, unless otherwise indicated.</p

    A police education programme to integrate occupational safety and HIV prevention: protocol for a modified stepped-wedge study design with parallel prospective cohorts to assess behavioural outcomes.

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    IntroductionPolicing practices are key drivers of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). This paper describes the protocol for the first study to prospectively examine the impact of a police education programme (PEP) to align law enforcement and HIV prevention. PEPs incorporating HIV prevention (including harm reduction programmes like syringe exchange) have been successfully piloted in several countries but were limited to brief pre-post assessments; the impact of PEPs on policing behaviours and occupational safety is unknown.ObjectivesProyecto ESCUDO (SHIELD) aims to evaluate the efficacy of the PEP on uptake of occupational safety procedures, as assessed through the incidence of needle stick injuries (NSIs) (primary outcome) and changes in knowledge of transmission, prevention and treatment of HIV and viral hepatitis; attitudes towards PWID, adverse behaviours that interfere with HIV prevention and protective behaviours (secondary outcomes).Methods/analysisESCUDO is a hybrid type I design that simultaneously tests an intervention and an implementation strategy. Using a modified stepped-wedge design involving all active duty street-level police officers in Tijuana (N = ∼ 1200), we will administer one 3 h PEP course to groups of 20-50 officers until the entire force is trained. NSI incidence and geocoded arrest data will be assessed from department-wide de-identified data. Of the consenting police officers, a subcohort (N=500) will be randomly sampled from each class to undergo pre-PEP and post-PEP surveys with a semiannual follow-up for 2 years to assess self-reported NSIs, attitudes and behaviour changes. The impact on PWIDs will be externally validated through a parallel cohort of Tijuana PWIDs.Ethics/disseminationResearch ethics approval was obtained from the USA and Mexico. Findings will be disseminated through open access to protocol materials through the Law Enforcement and HIV Network.Trial registration numberNCT02444403