23 research outputs found

    Effect of barley β-glucan concentration on the microstructural and mechanical behaviour of acid-set sodium caseinate gels

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    The microstructural and mechanical properties of acid-set mixtures of sodium caseinate (2% w/w)/barley β-glucans (2–6% w/w) were studied in an effort to evaluate the effect of these polysaccharides on the texture of fermented dairy products. The phase behavior of the blends was investigated using small deformation dynamic oscillation, differential scanning calorimetry, optical microscopy, and polymer blending-laws analysis. The work aimed to assess the topology of the phase separated mixture, the water holding capacity of its polymeric phases, and the thermal stability of the constituent networks. The mixed network properties were dominated by the protein component at low concentrations of β-glucans (≤3% w/w). In the concentrated regime, the system seems to have a bicontinuous topology governed by the mechanical strength and thermal stability of the β-glucan network structure. Results could assist in optimising the use of sodium caseinate and β-glucans as functional or as bioactive ingredients in acid-set dairy product

    Emulsifiers from White Beans: Extraction and Characterization

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    This paper studies the emulsification capacity of aqueous extracts from white beans and reports the relations between the composition and structure of the extracts’ macromolecular components and their exerted emulsification ability. The extracts comprise of three distinct populations: one of large (few MDa) polysaccharides, proteins (tens of kDa), and smaller molecular entities (oligopeptides and oligosaccharides, polyphenols, and salts, among other molecules); the proteins and the smaller molecules adsorb onto oil–water interfaces, providing some emulsification capacity at pH 3 and adequate emulsification at pH 7. Unabsorbed polysaccharides, such as starch, cause depletion flocculation. Pickering phenomena are involved in the stabilization mechanism. The findings are supported by SEC–MALLS/UV, confocal microscopy, zeta potential measurements, and FT–IR data. A discussion is made on the particular attributes of each population in emulsion stability, on their relevance to culinary practice, and in their potential as replacers of artificial emulsifiers

    Physicochemical aspects of mucosa surface

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    An insight into adsorption thermodynamics of molecular probes onto the mucin surface of porcine intestinal is given by the aid of IGC based on chromatographic retention time.</p

    Chemical and thermodynamic characterization of antioxidant emulsifiers: The case of complex of sodium caseinate with EGCG

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    Abstract In this study, complexes formed by sodium caseinate (CS) and different concentrations of (−)‐epigallocatechin‐3‐gallate (EGCG) were successfully prepared. The structures of the CS–EGCG complexes were then analyzed by fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Their thermodynamic features were also analyzed by Van't Hoff equation before evaluating antioxidant properties as well as emulsion stability. The results showed that EGCG grafting significantly altered the CS structure, primarily due to their interactions. However, besides the covalent bonding within CS–EGCG, thermodynamic analysis further highlighted the presence of slight interactions driven by hydrophobic and entropic changes. The EGCG grafting also decreased the surface hydrophobicity of CS while increasing its solubility, thus improving the stability of the protein in water. Finally, the grafting process significantly improved the thermal and emulsifying stability of CS as well as its antioxidant properties, especially 3‐ethylbenzothiazoline‐6‐sulfonic acid and 2,2‐diphenyl‐1‐picrylhydrazyl scavenging properties and ferric ion reducing power. These findings can contribute to the study of protein and polyphenol interactions in food fields

    Phytochemical Content of <i>Melissa officinalis</i> L. Herbal Preparations Appropriate for Consumption

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    Melissa Officinalis L. (MOL) domestic preparations appropriate for consumption were studied by monitoring content in Na, K, Ca, Li, phenolic bioactives (total phenols, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives and flavonols), and antioxidant activity (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical inhibition (DPPH) and ferric reducing ability (FRAP)). The effects of practice applied, material to solvent ratio, time of preparation, and solvent were studied. MOL decoctions and infusions, commonly prepared at home, were better or of equal nutritional value to preparations upon ultrasounds or maceration concerning the studied parameters. Aqueous MOL preparations were richer in total phenols (704&#8315;1949 mg per 250 mL) and the examined macroelements (1.1&#8315;2.9, 30.5&#8315;288.4 and 50.1&#8315;176.1 mg Na, K and Ca per 250 mL, respectively) and showed better antioxidant activity compared to ethanol counterparts. The 25% w/v hydroethanolic MOL preparations, suitable for consumption, presented a significant content in phenolic antioxidants and in the examined minerals, too. MOL infusions were significantly richer in total phenols with respective chamomile and olive leaf ones, comparatively examined. Overall acceptance scores of aqueous MOL preparations indicated that bitterness has to be masked for efficient reception by the consumers
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