240 research outputs found

    TRANSFORMASI PERAN DA'I DALAM MENJAWAB PELUANG DAN TANTANGAN (Studi terhadap Manajemen SDM)

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    Seiring perkembangan zaman, Dakwah Islam mengalami persoalan yang kompleks terkait dengan masalah kehidupan. Pada dasarnya Agama Islam mampu menjawab segala persoalan yang dihadapi Umat Islam itu sendiri. Hal itu tergantung dari para da’i sejauh mana wawasan dalam melihat realita yang ada. Sehingga perlu adanya muballigh yang mampu memiliki peta dakwah terhadap obyek dakwah terkait dengan problematika, budaya, dan karakter yang berbeda-beda. Sedemikian kompleks permasalahan yang dihadapi mad’u, maka perlu da’i yang mampu menjalani multi peran dalam masyarakat sesuai sosio-historis dalam implementasinya.Gambaran tentang pengembangan peran da’i akan penulis sampaikan sebagai referensi. Sehingga da’i mampu tampil prima sebagai pribadi-pribadi yang mencerahkan di dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat. Untuk memujudkan hal tersebut, para da’i perlu memahami perannya sebagai komunikator, konselor, problem solver, manajer, dan entrepreneur. Dengan demikian proses Dakwah Islamiyah mampu menjadi proses perubahan sosial melalui komunikasi. Sehingga tercipta masyarakat yang kuat dalam aspek aqidah, akhlak, ibadah dan mu’amalah

    EFEKTIFITAS BLADDER TRAINING TERHADAP PERCEPATAN PENGELUARAN URINE PADA IBU POSTPARTUM PERVAGINAM

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    Complications after childbirth can occur if there is no continuous treatment that can end in death, including urinary retention, the bladder is pushed up and down, thus preventing the uterus from contracting properly. Bladder emptying with leader training to restore normal urinary patterns by stimulating urine output to allow spontaneous bladder emptying. This study aims to identify the effectiveness of bladder training on the prevention of urinary retention in postpartum mothers. This research method is a case study using a quasi-experimental research design with a non-equivalent control group approach. The sample were 32 respondents. Data collection using incidental sampling technique was in accordance with the inclusion criteria for normal postpartum mothers in the VK room of the Sidikalang General Hospital using a questionnaire instrument with an observation sheet. The data analyzed by using the different paired t test. The results showed that in the intervention group, the results of the paired t test were t-test values ​​= 2.147 tables 1.753 (t-count> t-table), while in the control group the results of the paired t-test were different, 1.275 <1.753 (t count < t table) meaning Bladder training is effective in accelerating urine output. Bladder training can be considered as a non-fatmacological therapy to prevent urinary retention. It is recommended to health workers to be able to apply it as an independent action material to prevent urinary retention in postpartum mothers

    ANALISIS PENDAPATAN NASIONAL NEGARA-NEGARA ASEAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN SIMULTAN SPASIAL MENGGUNAKAN GENERALIZED METHOD OF MOMENT (GMM)

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    Association South East Asia Nation (ASEAN) merupakan organisasi geopolitik dan ekonomi dari negara-negara di kawasan Asia Tenggara. Pertumbuhan ekonomi ASEAN memiliki kontribusi besar dalam perekonomian dunia. ASEAN terdiri dari beberapa negara maju dan negara berkembang. Kerja sama dalam bidang ekonomi salah satunya adalah ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). AEC saat ini sedang berlangsung, dimana perdagangan internasional antar negara ASEAN berlangsung secara bebas, hal ini diharapkan terbentuknya integrasi ekonomi yang akan mengantarkan ASEAN menjadi kawasan yang tumbuh tinggi sekaligus stabil. Tingkat pertumbuhan ekonomi dapat diukur dengan menggunakan Gross Domestic Product (GDP) yang dicapai suatu negara. Pertumbuhan ekonomi suatu negara dipengaruhi oleh Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Keterkaitan hubungan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi dan investasi saling mempengaruhi satu yang lainnya. Kajian yang kompleks ini menggunakan model persamaan simultan spasial dengan Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) sehingga tidak hanya keterkaitan antara variabel yang tergambar dalam persamaan simultan, tetapi juga ada efek spasial yang menggambarkan pola interaksi variabel tersebut antar negara-negara anggota ASEAN. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemodelan pertumbuhan ekonomi dengan persamaan simultan SAR menggunakan GMM dengan bobot customized lebih baik karena bisa menangkap efek timbal balik antara Gross Domestic Product (GDP) dan Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Selain itu keterkaitan antar lokasi (dependensi spasial lag bersifat positif dan signifikan pada variabel Gross Domestic Product)

    Pengaruh Pemeberian Ekstrak Etanol Delphinium Grandifl orum Terhadap Tanda Somatik dan Tanda Afektif Nicotine Withdrawal Syndrome pada Tikus Sprague Dawley Betina yang Diberi Nikotin Peroral

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    Background. Nicotine abstinence will lead nicotine withdrawal syndrome in somatic signs and aff  ective signs. Somatic signs such as body weight change. Aff  ective signs such as sign of anxiety. Nicotine withdrawal syndrome will increasing the desire to use nicotine. Delphinium grandifl orum is a plant with methyllcyaconitine (MLA). Methyllcyaconitine (MLA) is antagonist competitive which block α7 nAChRs. It will lowering the desire to use nicotine without induce nicotine withdrawal syndrome. Objective. To know the eff  ect of ethanolic extract Delphinium grandifl orum in somatic signs and aff  ective signs of nicotine withdrawal syndrome in Sprague Dawley female rats treated with oral nicotine.Methods. This study was quasi experiment with pre and post control group design. Rats were grouped into 4 groups. The groups are OO (control), NO (nicotine+aquabides), ND 3 (nicotine+ D. grandifl orum 3 mg/kg), ND 6 (nicotine+ D. grandifl orum 6 mg/kg). Nicotine was given ad libitum. Nicotine was given via drinking water with a step wise increase of dosage every 4 days until 15 days. Somatic signs and aff  ective signs were observed during 24 hours period after abstinentia (16th and 20th days) on dark cycle. Light cycle on 18.00- 06.00, dark cycle on 06.00-18.00. Aff  ective signs was observed with open spent time and open arm entries by Elevated Plus Maze.Result. There is no signifi cant diff  erences between group for  body weight, open spent time and open arm entries on day 16 and 20. Conclution. There is have no eff  ect of ethanolic extract Delphinium grandifl orum and nicotine administration for somatic signs, aff  ective signs of nicotine withdrawal syndrome in Sprague dawley female rats.Keywords. Nicotine, nicotine withdrawal syndrome, somatic signs, aff  ective signs

    Eldearly Preparedness In Faces Of Tornado Disaster In The District Sitinjo

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    A Tornado is a strong wind or it can also be called a big, very strong storm with a whirlwind at a certain speed. Disasters cannot be predicted at any time and can occur. The need for disaster preparedness to prevent the risk of human casualties, material losses, environmental damage and psychological impacts that threaten and disrupt people's lives and livelihoods. Elderly is a group that is very at risk before, during and after a disaster occurs, because the elderly have many chronic diseases, functional decline, cognitive impairment, dementia, and physical limitations. Preparedness is an action taken in anticipation of a disaster to ensure that the actions taken can be. This research is a quantitative study using the research design "cross sectional". This research was conducted to determine the preparedness and factors related to the preparedness of the elderly in facing the tornado disaster in Sitinjo Village, Sitinjo District, Dairi Regency in 2021. The population in this study were 70 elderly people in the work area of Sitinjo District, the sampling technique was stratified random sampling and met the inclusion criteria.  The results of the study obtained the majority of respondents in the elderly, low education, female gender, lack of knowledge, have a positive attitude toward disaster preparedness of the Tornado wind, have experienced the Tornado disaster, are not prepared for the Tornado wind disaster. The results of chi square statistical test showed that there is no relationship between age, gender and the preparedness of the elderly in the face of Tornado disaster. There is a relationship between education p-value 0.022, knowledge p-value 0.01, attitude p-value 0.002, and experience p-value 0.021 with the preparedness for the cyclone disaster. It is hoped that the elderly can increase the knowledge and preparedness for the putting wind disaster by participating in socialization, training and conducting disaster simulations and it is necessary to coordinate with the relevant Dairi Regency BPBD to conduct socialization and mitigation of Tornado wind disaster preparednes

    The Analysis of Agricultural Product in Pineapple Commodities in Ngancar District, Kediri Regency, East Java Province

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    The present research has the purpose to analyze factors affecting the production of pineapple in Ngancar District, Kediri Regency, East Java Province. The research took place in Ngancar District, Kediri Regency, East Java Province, employing secondary data derived from Central Bureau of Statistics (Kediri Regency) and Agricultural Extension Agency (Ngancar District) and primary data consisted of farming production data, land area, amount of seeds, and amount of fertilizer USAge, pesticide and workforce. The analysis technique used in this research was Cobb-Douglas production function. The completion upon Cobb-Douglas production functions used Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method with Eviews 9 program tool. The sampling technique employed in this research was simple random sampling method. The results demonstrate that the pineapple total production in Ngancar District is affected by land area, amount of seeds, molasses, and urea. The research concludes that pineapple production in Ngancar District is affected by all the factors of production, except the USAge of pesticide and workforce

    Transformasi Peran Da'i Dalam Menjawab Peluang Dan Tantangan (Studi Terhadap Manajemen SDM)

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    Seiring perkembangan zaman, Dakwah Islam mengalami persoalan yang kompleks terkait dengan masalah kehidupan. Pada dasarnya Agama Islam mampu menjawab segala persoalan yang dihadapi Umat Islam itu sendiri. Hal itu tergantung dari para da'i sejauh mana wawasan dalam melihat realita yang ada. Sehingga perlu adanya muballigh yang mampu memiliki peta dakwah terhadap obyek dakwah terkait dengan problematika, budaya, dan karakter yang berbeda-beda. Sedemikian kompleks permasalahan yang dihadapi mad'u, maka perlu da'i yang mampu menjalani multi peran dalam masyarakat sesuai sosio-historis dalam implementasinya.Gambaran tentang pengembangan peran da'i akan penulis sampaikan sebagai referensi. Sehingga da'i mampu tampil prima sebagai pribadi-pribadi yang mencerahkan di dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat. Untuk memujudkan hal tersebut, para da'i perlu memahami perannya sebagai komunikator, konselor, problem solver, manajer, dan entrepreneur. Dengan demikian proses Dakwah Islamiyah mampu menjadi proses Perubahan sosial melalui komunikasi. Sehingga tercipta masyarakat yang kuat dalam aspek aqidah, akhlak, ibadah dan mu'amalah
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