32 research outputs found

    Real-Time MRI of Continent and Stress Incontinent Male Patients after Orthotopic Ileal Neobladder

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    Introduction: The aim of this study was to correlate anatomic differences with continence status in male patients after cystoprostatectomy and ileal neobladder using real-time magnetic resonance imaging. Patients and Methods: Anatomic differences of 14 male patients (7 daytime continent and 7 stress incontinent) with ileal neobladder were determined by measuring the orthogonal distance of the bladder neck to the pubococcygeal line (PCL) to correlate anatomic differences with continence status. Results: The median distance of the bladder neck to PCL was +5.4 mm in continent patients before voiding whereas in incontinent patients it was +2 mm (p = 0.012). During the Valsalva maneuver, the median distance in continent patients was +4 and in incontinent patients -3 mm (p = 0.003). At the end of micturition, the median distance was +2.3 mm in continent patients and -12 mm in incontinent patients (p = 0.002). Conclusions: The bladder neck in incontinent patients showed more pronounced mobility in relation to the PCL during micturition and the Valsalva maneuver as compared to continent patients. In addition, the ileal neobladder was positioned significantly lower in the pelvis of incontinent patients. These preliminary results suggest that a stable bladder neck may be an important factor to reach full continence in patients with ileal neobladder. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Base

    Digitale Innovation in der Medizin ‚Äď die COVID-19-Pandemie als Akzelerator von ‚Äědigital health‚Äú

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    The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a wave of digitalization in medicine. In the coming years, the use of state-of-the-art technologies will revolutionize routine diagnostic and treatment approaches, as well as have a positive effect on the physician-patient relationship. The application of AI (artificial intelligence) and Big Data, combined with the development of mHealth (mobile health), represents the most significant milestone in the creation of a digital and intelligent health system!Die COVID-19-Pandemie hat eine Welle der Digitalisierung in der Medizin ausgel√∂st. Der Einsatz modernster Technologien wird in den folgenden Jahren Routinediagnostik und Therapieans√§tze revolutionieren und die Arzt-Patienten-Beziehung positiv beeinflussen. Die Verwendung von AI (‚Äěartifical intelligence‚Äú) und Big Data ist neben den Entwicklungen der mHealth (‚Äěmobile health‚Äú) einer der bedeutendsten Meilensteine im Aufbau eines digitalen und intelligenten Gesundheitssystems

    Digital innovation in medicine: the COVID-19 pandemic as an accelerator of ‚Äúdigital health‚ÄĚ

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    Die COVID-19-Pandemie hat eine Welle der Digitalisierung in der Medizin ausgel√∂st. Der Einsatz modernster Technologien wird in den folgenden Jahren Routinediagnostik und Therapieans√§tze revolutionieren und die Arzt-Patienten-Beziehung positiv beeinflussen. Die Verwendung von AI (‚Äěartifical intelligence‚Äú) und Big Data ist neben den Entwicklungen der mHealth (‚Äěmobile health‚Äú) einer der bedeutendsten Meilensteine im Aufbau eines digitalen und intelligenten Gesundheitssystems.The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a wave of digitalization in medicine. In the coming years, the use of state-of-the-art technologies will revolutionize routine diagnostic and treatment approaches, as well as have a positive effect on the physician‚Äďpatient relationship. The application of AI (artificial intelligence) and Big Data, combined with the development of mHealth (mobile health), represents the most significant milestone in the creation of a digital and intelligent health system

    Patients' perception of surgical outcomes and quality of life after retroperitoneoscopic and open pyeloplasty

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    PURPOSE To report postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and patients' subjective evaluations of open pyeloplasty (OP) and retroperitoneoscopic pyeloplasty (RP) and influences on preoperative counselling. METHODS 107 patients (age 16-80 years, mean 31.5) with symptomatic primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent OP (32) or RP (75) were evaluated prospectively. HRQoL was evaluated using Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaires with 1 year follow-up. Operative outcomes were evaluated using a self-designed questionnaire regarding cosmetic outcomes, objective postoperative/current pain, convalescence and return to work. RESULTS The mean operative time was 174.4 vs. 161.4 min for RP versus OP, respectively, without intraoperative complications/conversions. There was an advantage for RP--except for two domains--without significance in any of the eight SF-36 domain scores. An advantage favouring RP in all aspects of the second questionnaire with significance in four aspects (cosmetic results, scar length, pain and convalescence) was found. Five weeks postoperatively, 58.7% (RP) vs. 25.8% (OP) were fully convalescent compared to 87.0% (RP) vs. 71.0% (OP) at 8 weeks. Similarly, 58.7 vs. 45.1% returned work 5 weeks postoperatively while 93.5 vs. 74.2% did so after 8 weeks, respectively. The small sample size, more questions on satisfaction/regret and mixed design are the main study limitations. CONCLUSION RP provides the same functional results beside earlier convalescence, better HRQoL and patients' convenience with surgery, which favours its inclusion in preoperative counselling providing patients with realistic postoperative expectations

    Patient-Reported Side Effects of Intradetrusor Botulinum Toxin Type A for Idiopathic Overactive Bladder Syndrome

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    Objective: The aim of the study was a prospective assessment of patient-reported side effects in an open-label study after intradetrusor botulinum toxin injections for idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB). Patients and Methods: Botulinum toxin A injection was performed in 56 patients with idiopathic OAB. Patients were followed up for 6 months concerning side effects and patients' satisfaction. Results: Different types of side effects were assessed such as dry mouth (19.6%), arm weakness (8.9%), eyelid weakness (8.9%), leg weakness (7.1%), torso weakness (5.4%), impaired vision (5.4%) and dysphagia (5.4%). In all cases, symptoms were mild and transient. Urological complications such as gross hematuria (17.9%), acute urinary retention (8.9%) and acute urinary tract infection (7.1%) were noticed. In all cases, acute urinary retention was transient and treated with temporary intermittent self-catheterization. There was no statistically significant correlation between dosage and observed side effects. Patients' satisfaction rate was high (71.4%). Conclusion: Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin was associated with a high rate of neurourological side effects. In general, side effects were transient, mild and did not require special treatment. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Base

    Impact of the 'Repositioning Test' on Postoperative Outcome of Retroluminar Transobturator Male Sling Implantation

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    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively the value of the ‚Äėrepositioning test‚Äô (RT) in preoperative patient selection for the efficacy of male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treatment using a retroluminar transobturator male sling (AdVance sling). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 65 consecutive patients with SUI after radical prostatectomy were included in this singlecenter prospective study. Preoperatively, patients were classified into those with ‚Äėpositive‚Äô and ‚Äėnegative‚Äô RT. Postoperative results were analyzed and the association between the result of the RT and postoperative outcome was evaluated. RESULTS: 53 patients (81.5%) showed preoperatively a positive RT and 12 patients (18.5%) a negative RT. After a followup of 12 months, patients with positive RT showed a cure rate (0 pads/day) of 83% and patients with a negative RT showed only a cure rate of 25%. A positive RT significantly correlated with cure in outcome (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with positive RT have a significantly better hance for successful AdVance sling implantation. The RT is minimally invasive, easy to learn and easy to perform. Therefore, the RT is a very useful tool for preoperative patient selection

    Coupling of alpha(1)-Adrenoceptors to ERK1/2 in the Human Prostate

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    Introduction: alpha(1)-Adrenoceptors are considered critical for the regulation of prostatic smooth muscle tone. However, previous studies suggested further alpha(1)-adrenoceptor functions besides contraction. Here, we investigated whether alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in the human prostate may activate extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2). Methods: Prostate tissues from patients undergoing radical prostatectomy were stimulated in vitro. Activation of ERK1/2 was assessed by Western blot analysis. Expression of ERK1/2 was studied by immunohistochemistry. The effect of ERK1/2 inhibition by U0126 on phenylephrine-induced contraction was studied in organ-bath experiments. Results: Stimulation of human prostate tissue with noradrenaline (30 mu M) or phenylephrine (10 mu M) resulted in ERK activation. This was reflected by increased levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2. Expression of ERK1/2 in the prostate was observed in smooth muscle cells. Incubation of prostate tissue with U0126 (30 mu M) resulted in ERK1/2 inhibition. Dose-dependent phenylephrine-induced contraction of prostate tissue was not modulated by U0126. Conclusions: alpha(1)-Adrenoceptors in the human prostate are coupled to ERK1/2. This may partially explain previous observations suggesting a role of alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in the regulation of prostate growth. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Base

    Evaluating the use of prostate-specific antigen as an instrument for early detection of prostate cancer beyond urologists: Results of a representative cross-sectional questionnaire study of general practitioners and internal specialists

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    OBJECTIVES The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the value of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing as a tool for early detection of prostate cancer (PCa) applied by general practitioners (GPs) and internal specialists (ISs) as well as to assess criteria leading to the application of PSA-based early PCa detection. METHODS Between May and December 2012, a questionnaire containing 16 items was sent to 600 GPs and ISs in the federal state Brandenburg and in Berlin (Germany). The independent influence of several criteria on the decision of GPs and ISs to apply PSA-based early PCa detection was assessed by multivariate logistic regression analysis (MLRA). RESULTS 392 evaluable questionnaires were collected (return rate 65%). 81% of the physicians declared that they apply PSA testing for early PCa detection; of these, 58 and 15% would screen patients until the age of 80 and 90 years, respectively. In case of a pathological PSA level, 77% would immediately refer the patient to a urologist, while 13% would re-assess elevated PSA levels after 3-12 months. Based on MLRA, the following criteria were independently associated with a positive attitude towards PSA-based early PCa detection: specialisation (application of early detection more frequent for GPs and hospital-based ISs) (OR 3.12; p < 0.001), physicians who use exclusively GP or IS education (OR 3.95; p = 0.002), and physicians who recommend yearly PSA assessment after the age of 50 (OR 6.85; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS GPs and ISs frequently apply PSA-based early PCa detection. In doing so, 13% would initiate specific referral to a urologist in case of pathological PSA values too late. Improvement of this situation could possibly result from specific educational activities for non-urological physicians active in fields of urological core capabilities, which should be guided by joint boards of the national associations of urology and general medicine

    STAR: predicting recombination sites from amino acid sequence

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    BACKGROUND: Designing novel proteins with site-directed recombination has enormous prospects. By locating effective recombination sites for swapping sequence parts, the probability that hybrid sequences have the desired properties is increased dramatically. The prohibitive requirements for applying current tools led us to investigate machine learning to assist in finding useful recombination sites from amino acid sequence alone. RESULTS: We present STAR, Site Targeted Amino acid Recombination predictor, which produces a score indicating the structural disruption caused by recombination, for each position in an amino acid sequence. Example predictions contrasted with those of alternative tools, illustrate STAR'S utility to assist in determining useful recombination sites. Overall, the correlation coefficient between the output of the experimentally validated protein design algorithm SCHEMA and the prediction of STAR is very high (0.89). CONCLUSION: STAR allows the user to explore useful recombination sites in amino acid sequences with unknown structure and unknown evolutionary origin. The predictor service is available from

    Complications and Short-Term Explantation Rate Following Artificial Urinary Sphincter Implantation: Results from a Large Middle European Multi-Institutional Case Series

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    Background/Aims/Objectives: To analyze perioperative complication and short-term explantation rates after perineal or penoscrotal single-cuff and double-cuff artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation in a large middle European multi-institutional patient cohort. Methods: 467 male patients with stress urinary incontinence underwent implantation of a perineal single-cuff (n = 152), penoscrotal single-cuff (n = 99), or perinea! double-cuff (n = 216) AUS between 2010 and 2012. Postoperative complications and 6-month explantation rates were assessed. For statistical analysis, Fisher's exact test and Kruskal Wallis rank sum test, and a multiple logistic regression model were used (p < 0.05). Results: Compared to perineal single-cuff AUS, penoscrotal single-cuff implantation led to significantly increased short-term explantation rates (8.6% (perinea)) vs. 19.2% (penoscrotal), p = 0.019). The postoperative infection rate was significantly higher after double-cuff compared to single cuff implantation (6.0% (single-cuff) vs. 13.9% (double-cuff), p = 0.019). The short-term explantation rate after primary double-cuff placement was 6.5% (p = 0.543 vs. perineal single -cuff). In multivariate analysis, the penoscrotal approach (p = 0.004), intraoperative complications (p = 0.005), postoperative bleeding (p = 0.011), and perioperative infection (p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for short-term explantation. Conclusions: Providing data from a large contemporary multi-institutional patient cohortfrom high-volume and low-volume institutions, our results reflect the current standard of care in middle Europe. We indicate that the penoscrotal approach is an independent risk factor for increased short-term explantation rates. (C) 2016 S. Karger AG, Base
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