943 research outputs found

    Photometric Calibration of the Supernova Legacy Survey Fields

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    The 5-year project Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) delivers ‚ąľ100\sim 100 Type-Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) per year, in the redshift range 0.3<z<1.00.3 < z < 1.0, with well-sampled g‚Ä≤r‚Ä≤i‚Ä≤z‚Ä≤g'r'i'z' lightcurves. The SNLS Collaboration uses the 1 deg2^2 Megacam imager (36 2048√ó46122048 \times 4612 thinned CCDs) mounted on the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) to observe four fields around the sky, in four filters. The primary goal of the project is to measure the dark energy equation of state with a final statistical precision of ¬Ī0.05\pm 0.05. We have shown, using the first year dataset that the calibration uncertainties are currently the dominant contribution to the systematic error budget. The calibration of the SNLS dataset is challenging in several aspects. First, Megacam is a wide-field imager, and only a handful of its 36 CCDs can be directly calibrated using standard star observations. Second, measuring the rest-frame BB-band luminosity of SNe Ia over the 0.3<z<1.00.3<z<1.0 redshift range requires an excellent flux intercalibration of the Megacam bands. Finally, the SN Ia SED differs significantly from that of stars and transfering the stellar calibration to the SNLS data requires a precise knowledge of the SN Ia spectra and the instrument transmissions. We present and discuss the SNLS calibration strategy used to analyze the first year data set. We present the calibration aspects which impact most the cosmological measurements. We also discuss the intercalibration of the SNLS with other surveys, such as the CFHTLS-Wide and the SDSS.Comment: To Appear in "The Future of Photometric, Spectrophotometric and Polarimetric Standardization" Conference Proceedings, C. Sterken e

    Broadening effects due to alloy scattering in Quantum Cascade Lasers

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    We report on calculations of broadening effects in QCL due to alloy scattering. The output of numerical calculations of alloy broadened Landau levels compare favorably with calculations performed at the self-consistent Born approximation. Results for Landau level width and optical absorption are presented. A disorder activated forbidden transition becomes significant in the vicinity of crossings of Landau levels which belong to different subbands. A study of the time dependent survival probability in the lowest Landau level of the excited subband is performed. It is shown that at resonance the population relaxation occurs in a subpicosecond scale.Comment: 7 pages, 8 figure

    Parafermionic states in rotating Bose-Einstein condensates

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    We investigate possible parafermionic states in rapidly rotating ultracold bosonic atomic gases at lowest Landau level filling factor nu=k/2. We study how the system size and interactions act upon the overlap between the true ground state and a candidate Read-Rezayi state. We also consider the quasihole states which are expected to display non-Abelian statistics. We numerically evaluate the degeneracy of these states and show agreement with a formula given by E. Ardonne. We compute the overlaps between low-lying exact eigenstates and quasihole candidate wavefunctions. We discuss the validity of the parafermion description as a function of the filling factor.Comment: 23 pages, 10 figure

    Quantum Hall fractions in ultracold atomic vapors

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    Atomic vapors can be prepared and manipulated at very low densities and temperatures. When they are rotating, they can reach a quantum Hall regime in which there should be manifestations of the fractional quantum Hall effect. We discuss the appearance of the principal sequence of fractions nu =p/(p+- 1) for bosonic atoms. The termination point of this series is the paired Moore-Read Pfaffian state. Exotic states fill the gap between the paired state and the vortex lattice expected at high filling of the lowest Landau level. In fermionic vapors, the p-wave scattering typical of ultralow energy collisions leads to the hard-core model when restricted to the lowest Landau level.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figs, brief review submitted to Modern Physics Letters

    Poisson algebra of 2d dimensionally reduced gravity

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    Using a Lax pair based on twisted affine sl(2,R)sl(2,R) Kac-Moody and Virasoro algebras, we deduce a r-matrix formulation of two dimensional reduced vacuum Einstein's equations. Whereas the fundamental Poisson brackets are non-ultralocal, they lead to pure c-number modified Yang-Baxter equations. We also describe how to obtain classical observables by imposing reasonable boundaries conditions.Comment: 16 pages, minor corrections. To appear in JHE

    Emergent Many-Body Translational Symmetries of Abelian and Non-Abelian Fractionally Filled Topological Insulators

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    The energy and entanglement spectrum of fractionally filled interacting topological insulators exhibit a peculiar manifold of low energy states separated by a gap from a high energy set of spurious states. In the current manuscript, we show that in the case of fractionally filled Chern insulators, the topological information of the many-body state developing in the system resides in this low-energy manifold. We identify an emergent many-body translational symmetry which allows us to separate the states in quasi-degenerate center of mass momentum sectors. Within one center of mass sector, the states can be further classified as eigenstates of an emergent (in the thermodynamic limit) set of many-body relative translation operators. We analytically establish a mapping between the two-dimensional Brillouin zone for the Fractional Quantum Hall effect on the torus and the one for the fractional Chern insulator. We show that the counting of quasi-degenerate levels below the gap for the Fractional Chern Insulator should arise from a folding of the states in the Fractional Quantum Hall system at identical filling factor. We show how to count and separate the excitations of the Laughlin, Moore-Read and Read-Rezayi series in the Fractional Quantum Hall effect into two-dimensional Brillouin zone momentum sectors, and then how to map these into the momentum sectors of the Fractional Chern Insulator. We numerically check our results by showing the emergent symmetry at work for Laughlin, Moore-Read and Read-Rezayi states on the checkerboard model of a Chern insulator, thereby also showing, as a proof of principle, that non-Abelian Fractional Chern Insulators exist.Comment: 32 pages, 9 figure

    Analysis of a SU(4) generalization of Halperin's wave function as an approach towards a SU(4) fractional quantum Hall effect in graphene sheets

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    Inspired by the four-fold spin-valley symmetry of relativistic electrons in graphene, we investigate a possible SU(4) fractional quantum Hall effect, which may also arise in bilayer semiconductor quantum Hall systems with small Zeeman gap. SU(4) generalizations of Halperin's wave functions [Helv. Phys. Acta 56, 75 (1983)], which may break differently the original SU(4) symmetry, are studied analytically and compared, at nu=2/3, to exact-diagonalization studies.Comment: 4+epsilon pages, 4 figures; published version with minor correction
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