15,654 research outputs found

    A Plasma Instability Theory of Gamma-Ray Burst Emission

    Get PDF
    A new theory for gamma-ray burst radiation is presented. In this theory, magnetic fields and relativistic electrons are created through plasma processes arising as a relativistic shell passes through the interstellar medium. The gamma-rays are produced through synchrotron self-Compton emission. It is found that shocks do not arise in this theory, and that efficient gamma-ray emission only occurs for a high Lorentz factor and a high-density interstellar medium. The former explains the absence of gamma-ray bursts with thermal spectra. The latter provides the Compton attenuation theory with an explanation of why the interstellar medium density is always high. The theory predicts the existence of a class of extragalactic optical transient that emit no gamma-rays.Comment: Presented at the 20 Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, December 1998, Paris, France. To appear on the proceedings compact dis

    Cosmic jets

    Get PDF
    The evidence that active galactic nuclei produce collimated plasma jets is summarised. The strongest radio galaxies are probably energised by relativistic plasma jets generated by spinning black holes interacting with magnetic fields attached to infalling matter. Such objects can produce e(+)-e(-) plasma, and may be relevant to the acceleration of the highest-energy cosmic ray primaries. Small-scale counterparts of the jet phenomenon within our own galaxy are briefly reviewed

    The Edge of a Gamma Ray Burst Afterglow

    Full text link
    We discuss the formation of spectral features in the decelerating ejecta of gamma-ray bursts, including the possible effect of inhomogeneities. These should lead to blueshifted and broadened absorption edges and resonant features, especially from H and He. An external neutral ISM could produce detectable H and He, as well as Fe X-ray absorption edges and lines. Hypernova scenarios may be diagnosed by Fe K-α\alpha and H Ly-α\alpha emission lines.Comment: M.N.R.A.S., accepted July 16 1998; submitted June 4 1998; latex, 11 page

    Design and development of a solar array drive

    Get PDF
    The design and development of a dry lubricated direct drive solar array pointing mechanism is discussed for use on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS), MAROTS, European Communication Satellite (ECS), and others. Results of life testing the original prototype and the OTS mechanism are presented together with an appraisal of expected future development

    Gamma-ray bursts as X-ray depth-gauges of the Universe

    Full text link
    We discuss the X-ray flux of gamma-ray burst afterglows at redshifts in the range 3-30, including the effects of the intergalactic He II absorption. We point out that strong X-ray lines may form locally in burst afterglows starting minutes after the trigger. This can provide distinctive X-ray distance indicators out to the redshifts where the first generation of massive stars form.Comment: ApJ(Lett) in press 5/31/03; subm. 5/7/0

    Delayed Gev Emission from Cosmological Gamma-Ray Bursts : Impact of a Relativistic Wind on External Matter

    Full text link
    Sudden collapse of a compact object, or coalescence of a compact binary, can generate an unsteady relativistic wind that lasts for a few seconds. The wind is likely to carry a high magnetic field; and its Lorentz factor depends on the extent to which it is 'loaded' with baryons. If the Lorentz factor is ∼100\sim 100, internal dissipation and shocks in this wind produce a non-thermal gamma-ray burst, detectable in the range 0.1\MeV \siml E_\gamma \siml 0.1-1\GeV out to cosmological distances. The cooled wind ejecta would subsequently be decelerated by the external medium. The resultant blast wave and reverse shock can then give rise to a second burst component, mainly detectable in the GeV range, with a time delay relative to the MeV burst ranging from minutes to hours.Comment: 5 pages, plain Te

    Gamma-Ray Bursts: Multiwaveband Spectral Predictions for Blast Wave Models

    Full text link
    In almost any scenario for 'cosmological' gamma-ray bursts (and in many models where they originate in our own Galaxy), the initial energy density is so large that the resulting relativistic plasma expands with v∼cv\sim c producing a blast wave ahead of it and a reverse shock moving into the ejecta, as it ploughs into the external medium. We evaluate the radiation expected from these shocks,for both cosmological and galactic bursts, for various assumptions about the strength of the magnetic field and the particle acceleration mechanisms in the shocks. The spectra are evaluated over the whole range from the IR to >> GeV, and are compared with the variety of spectral behavior reported by BATSE, and with the X-ray and optical constraints. For bursts of duration \simg 1\s acceptable γ\gamma-ray spectra and Lx/LγL_x/L_\gamma ratios are readily obtained for 'cosmological' models. Blast waves in galactic models can produce bursts of similar gamma-ray fluence and duration, but they violate the X-ray paucity constraint, except for the shorter bursts (\siml 1\s). We discuss the prospects for using O/UV and X-ray observations to discriminate among alternative models.Comment: 7 pages with one figure (figure in uuencoded compressed postscript file),te

    Reprocessing of radiation by multi-phase gas in Low Luminosity Accretion Flows

    Get PDF
    We discuss the role that magnetic fields in low luminosity accretion flows can play in creating and maintaining a multi-phase medium, and show that small magnetically-confined clouds or filaments of dense cold gas can dramatically reprocess the `primary' radiation from tori. In particular, radio emission would be suppressed by free-free absorption, and an extra (weak) component would appear at optical wavelengths. This is expected to be a common process in various environments in the central regions of Active Galaxies, such as broad line regions, accretion disk coronae and jets.Comment: submitted to MNRAS; 4 pages, 1 figure (MNRAS LaTex style
    • …