6 research outputs found

    Convergence Analysis of Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers for a Family of Nonconvex Problems

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    The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is widely used to solve large-scale linearly constrained optimization problems, convex or nonconvex, in many engineering fields. However there is a general lack of theoretical understanding of the algorithm when the objective function is nonconvex. In this paper we analyze the convergence of the ADMM for solving certain nonconvex consensus and sharing problems. We show that the classical ADMM converges to the set of stationary solutions, provided that the penalty parameter in the augmented Lagrangian is chosen to be sufficiently large. For the sharing problems, we show that the ADMM is convergent regardless of the number of variable blocks. Our analysis does not impose any assumptions on the iterates generated by the algorithm and is broadly applicable to many ADMM variants involving proximal update rules and various flexible block selection rules

    Iteration Complexity Analysis of Block Coordinate Descent Methods

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    In this paper, we provide a unified iteration complexity analysis for a family of general block coordinate descent (BCD) methods, covering popular methods such as the block coordinate gradient descent (BCGD) and the block coordinate proximal gradient (BCPG), under various different coordinate update rules. We unify these algorithms under the so-called Block Successive Upper-bound Minimization (BSUM) framework, and show that for a broad class of multi-block nonsmooth convex problems, all algorithms covered by the BSUM framework achieve a global sublinear iteration complexity of O(1/r)O(1/r), where r is the iteration index. Moreover, for the case of block coordinate minimization (BCM) where each block is minimized exactly, we establish the sublinear convergence rate of O(1/r)O(1/r) without per block strong convexity assumption. Further, we show that when there are only two blocks of variables, a special BSUM algorithm with Gauss-Seidel rule can be accelerated to achieve an improved rate of O(1/r2)O(1/r^2)

    Parallel Successive Convex Approximation for Nonsmooth Nonconvex Optimization

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    Consider the problem of minimizing the sum of a smooth (possibly non-convex) and a convex (possibly nonsmooth) function involving a large number of variables. A popular approach to solve this problem is the block coordinate descent (BCD) method whereby at each iteration only one variable block is updated while the remaining variables are held fixed. With the recent advances in the developments of the multi-core parallel processing technology, it is desirable to parallelize the BCD method by allowing multiple blocks to be updated simultaneously at each iteration of the algorithm. In this work, we propose an inexact parallel BCD approach where at each iteration, a subset of the variables is updated in parallel by minimizing convex approximations of the original objective function. We investigate the convergence of this parallel BCD method for both randomized and cyclic variable selection rules. We analyze the asymptotic and non-asymptotic convergence behavior of the algorithm for both convex and non-convex objective functions. The numerical experiments suggest that for a special case of Lasso minimization problem, the cyclic block selection rule can outperform the randomized rule

    Convergence Analysis of Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers for a Family of Nonconvex Problems

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    The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is widely used to solve large-scale linearly constrained optimization problems, convex or nonconvex, in many engineering fields. However there is a general lack of theoretical understanding of the algorithm when the objective function is nonconvex. In this paper we analyze the convergence of the ADMM for solving certain nonconvex consensus and sharing problems. We show that the classical ADMM converges to the set of stationary solutions, provided that the penalty parameter in the augmented Lagrangian is chosen to be sufficiently large. For the sharing problems, we show that the ADMM is convergent regardless of the number of variable blocks. Our analysis does not impose any assumptions on the iterates generated by the algorithm and is broadly applicable to many ADMM variants involving proximal update rules and various flexible block selection rules.This is an article from SIAM Journal on Optimization 26 (2016): 337, doi:10.1137/140990309 Posted with permission.</p

    Iteration complexity analysis of block coordinate descent methods

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    In this paper, we provide a unified iteration complexity analysis for a family of general block coordinate descent methods, covering popular methods such as the block coordinate gradient descent and the block coordinate proximal gradient, under various different coordinate update rules. We unify these algorithms under the so-called block successive upper-bound minimization (BSUM) framework, and show that for a broad class of multi-block nonsmooth convex problems, all algorithms covered by the BSUM framework achieve a global sublinear iteration complexity of O(1/r)" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">O(1/r)O(1/r), where r is the iteration index. Moreover, for the case of block coordinate minimization where each block is minimized exactly, we establish the sublinear convergence rate of O(1/r) without per block strong convexity assumption.This is a manuscript of an article from Mathematical Programming (2016): The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/0.1007/s10107-016-1057-8.</p

    Parallel Successive Convex Approximation for Nonsmooth Nonconvex Optimization

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    Consider the problem of minimizing the sum of a smooth (possibly non-convex) and a convex (possibly nonsmooth) function involving a large number of variables. A popular approach to solve this problem is the block coordinate descent (BCD) method whereby at each iteration only one variable block is updated while the remaining variables are held fixed. With the recent advances in the developments of the multi-core parallel processing technology, it is desirable to parallelize the BCD method by allowing multiple blocks to be updated simultaneously at each iteration of the algorithm. In this work, we propose an inexact parallel BCD approach where at each iteration, a subset of the variables is updated in parallel by minimizing convex approximations of the original objective function. We investigate the convergence of this parallel BCD method for both randomized and cyclic variable selection rules. We analyze the asymptotic and non-asymptotic convergence behavior of the algorithm for both convex and non-convex objective functions. The numerical experiments suggest that for a special case of Lasso minimization problem, the cyclic block selection rule can outperform the randomized rule.This is a proceeding from the 28th Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (2014). Posted with permission.</p
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