140 research outputs found

    Energy-tunable sources of entangled photons: a viable concept for solid-state-based quantum relays

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    We propose a new method of generating triggered entangled photon pairs with wavelength on demand. The method uses a micro-structured semiconductor-piezoelectric device capable of dynamically reshaping the electronic properties of self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) via anisotropic strain-engineering. Theoretical models based on kp theory in combination with finite-element calculations show that the energy of the polarization-entangled photons emitted by QDs can be tuned in a range larger than 100 meV without affecting the degree of entanglement of the quantum source. These results pave the way towards the deterministic implementation of QD entanglement resources in all-electrically-controlled solid-state-based quantum relays

    Highly entangled photons from hybrid piezoelectric-semiconductor quantum dot devices

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    Entanglement resources are key ingredients of future quantum technologies. If they could be efficiently integrated into a semiconductor platform a new generation of devices could be envisioned, whose quantum-mechanical functionalities are controlled via the mature semiconductor technology. Epitaxial quantum dots (QDs) embedded in diodes would embody such ideal quantum devices, but QD structural asymmetries lower dramatically the degree of entanglement of the sources and hamper severely their real exploitation in the foreseen applications. In this work, we overcome this hurdle using strain-tunable optoelectronic devices, where any QD can be tuned for the emission of highly polarization-entangled photons. The electrically-controlled sources violate Bell inequalities without the need of spectral or temporal filtering and they feature the highest degree of entanglement ever reported for QDs, with concurrence as high as 0.75(2). These quantum-devices are at present the most promising candidates for the direct implementation of QD-based entanglement-resources in quantum information science and technology

    Phase Locking in Heisenberg Helimagnets

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    We consider a Heisenberg model with ferromagnetic nearest‚Äźneighbor and competing further‚Äźneighbor exchange interactions in a small applied magnetic field at low temperature T. As a function of the exchange constants, the modulation vector is shown to have devil‚Äôs staircase behavior. We consider the effects of nonzero temperature and quantum effects. We find a special modulation wave vector at which the incommensurability energy vanishes for the classical system at T=0

    Locking of Commensurate Phases in the Planar Model in an External Magnetic Field

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    Commensurate configuration locking is known in models like the anisotropic next-nearest-neighbor Ising model and the Frenkel-Kontorova model. We find an analogous scenario in the planar model with competing interactions when an external magnetic field is applied in the plane in which the spins lie. This model falls in the same symmetry class of the Heisenberg model with planar anisotropy. We performed a low-field, low-temperature expansion for the free energy of the model and we find phase locking energy for states with wave vectors of the form G/p where p is an integer and G is a reciprocal-lattice vector. The helix characterized by p=3 is peculiar because the commensuration energy vanishes at zero temperature. The helix corresponding to p=4 is not stable against the switching of a magnetic field that forces the spins into an up-up-down-down configuration analogous to the spin-flop phase of an antiferromagnet. For a generic commensurate value of p\u3e4, we expect locking both at zero and finite temperature as we have verified for p=5 and 6. The consequences of our results are examined for the 3N model (a tetragonal spin lattice with in-plane competitive interactions up to third-nearest neighbors)

    A hybrid (Al)GaAs-LiNbO3 surface acoustic wave resonator for cavity quantum dot optomechanics

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    A hybrid device comprising a (Al)GaAs quantum dot heterostructure and a LiNbO3_3 surface acoustic wave resonator is fabricated by heterointegration. High acoustic quality factors Q>4000Q>4000 are demonstrated for an operation frequency f‚Čą300f\approx 300 MHz. The measured large quality factor-frequency products Q√óf>1012Q\times f>10^{12} ensures the suppression of decoherence due to thermal noise for temperatures exceeding T>50‚ÄČKT>50\,\mathrm{K}. Frequency and position dependent optomechanical coupling of single quantum dots and the resonator modes is observed.Comment: Accepted manuscrip

    Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna

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    We demonstrate how the controlled positioning of a plasmonic nanoparticle modifies the photoluminescence of a single epitaxial GaAs quantum dot. The antenna particle leads to an increase of the luminescence intensity by about a factor of eight. Spectrally and temporally resolved photoluminescence measurements prove an increase of the quantum dot's excitation rate. The combination of stable epitaxial quantum emitters and plasmonic nanostructures promises to be highly beneficial for nanoscience and quantum optics.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Quantum dots for photonic quantum information technology

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    The generation, manipulation, storage, and detection of single photons play a central role in emerging photonic quantum information technology. Individual photons serve as flying qubits and transmit the quantum information at high speed and with low losses, for example between individual nodes of quantum networks. Due to the laws of quantum mechanics, quantum communication is fundamentally tap-proof, which explains the enormous interest in this modern information technology. On the other hand, stationary qubits or photonic states in quantum computers can potentially lead to enormous increases in performance through parallel data processing, to outperform classical computers in specific tasks when quantum advantage is achieved. Here, we discuss in depth the great potential of quantum dots (QDs) in photonic quantum information technology. In this context, QDs form a key resource for the implementation of quantum communication networks and photonic quantum computers because they can generate single photons on-demand. Moreover, QDs are compatible with the mature semiconductor technology, so that they can be integrated comparatively easily into nanophotonic structures, which form the basis for quantum light sources and integrated photonic quantum circuits. After a thematic introduction, we present modern numerical methods and theoretical approaches to device design and the physical description of quantum dot devices. We then present modern methods and technical solutions for the epitaxial growth and for the deterministic nanoprocessing of quantum devices based on QDs. Furthermore, we present the most promising concepts for quantum light sources and photonic quantum circuits that include single QDs as active elements and discuss applications of these novel devices in photonic quantum information technology. We close with an overview of open issues and an outlook on future developments.Comment: Copyright 2023 Optica Publishing Group. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modifications of the content of this paper are prohibite

    Two-photon interference from two blinking quantum emitters

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    We investigate the effect of blinking on the two-photon interference measurement from two independent quantum emitters. We find that blinking significantly alters the statistics in the second-order intensity correlation function g(2)(ŌĄ)^{(2)}(\tau) and the outcome of two-photon interference measurements performed with independent quantum emitters. We theoretically demonstrate that the presence of blinking can be experimentally recognized by a deviation from the gD(2)(0)=0.5^{(2)}_{D}(0)=0.5 value when distinguishable photons impinge on a beam splitter. Our results show that blinking imposes a mandatory cross-check measurement to correctly estimate the degree of indistinguishablility of photons emitted by independent quantum emitters

    Inversion of the exciton built-in dipole moment in In(Ga)As quantum dots via nonlinear piezoelectric effect

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    We show that anisotropic biaxial stress can be used to tune the built-in dipole moment of excitons confined in In(Ga)As quantum dots up to complete erasure of its magnitude and inversion of its sign. We demonstrate that this phenomenon is due to piezoelectricity. We present a model to calculate the applied stress, taking advantage of the so-called piezotronic effect, which produces significant changes in the current-voltage characteristics of the strained diode-membranes containing the quantum dots. Finally, self-consistent k.p calculations reveal that the experimental findings can be only accounted for by the nonlinear piezoelectric effect, whose importance in quantum dot physics has been theoretically recognized although it has proven difficult to single out experimentally.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure
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