332 research outputs found

    Double beta decay to the first 2+2^+ state within a boson expansion formalism with a projected spherical single particle basis

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    The Gamow-Teller transition operator is written as a polynomial in the dipole proton-neutron and quadrupole charge conserving QRPA boson operators, using the prescription of the boson expansion technique of Belyaev-Zelevinski type. Then, the 2νββ2\nu\beta\beta process ending on the first 2+2^+ state in the daughter nucleus is allowed via one, two and three boson states describing the odd-odd intermediate nucleus. The approach uses a single particle basis which is obtained by projecting out the good angular momentum from an orthogonal set of deformed functions. The basis for mother and daughter nuclei have different deformations. The GT transition amplitude as well as the half lives were calculated for ten transitions. Results are compared with the available data as well as with some predictions obtained with other methods.Comment: 12 page

    Effects of the secondary decays on the isotopic thermometers

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    The sharp microcanonical multifragmentation model from [Al. H. Raduta and Ad. R. Raduta, Phys. Rev. C 55, 1344 (1997); Phys. Rev. C, in press] is employed for evaluating the nuclear caloric curve predictions of nine isotopic thermometers for three representative nuclei. Evaluations are performed for both primary decay and asymptotic stages. Effects of the secondary decays on the primary decay caloric curves are evidenced and discussed. In both cases a dispersive character of the isotopic caloric curves with increasing the source excitation energy is observed. A procedure of calibrating the isotopic thermometers on the microcanonical predictions for both primary decay and asymptotic stages is proposed. The resulting set of calibrating parameters for each thermometer is independent on the source size, on its excitation energy and, in the case of the primary decay, on the freeze-out radius assumption.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures, Nuclear Physics A, in pres

    Echos of the liquid-gas phase transition in multifragmentation

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    A general discussion is made concerning the ways in which one can get signatures about a possible liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear matter. Microcanonical temperature, heat capacity and second order derivative of the entropy versus energy formulas have been deduced in a general case. These formulas are {\em exact}, simply applicable and do not depend on any model assumption. Therefore, they are suitable to be applied on experimental data. The formulas are tested in various situations. It is evidenced that when the freeze-out constraint is of fluctuating volume type the deduced (heat capacity and second order derivative of the entropy versus energy) formulas will prompt the spinodal region through specific signals. Finally, the same microcanonical formulas are deduced for the case when an incomplete number of fragments per event are available. These formulas could overcome the freeze-out backtracking deficiencies.Comment: accepted to Nuclear Physics
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