120 research outputs found

    A Maximum Entropy Method of Obtaining Thermodynamic Properties from Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations

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    We describe a novel method to obtain thermodynamic properties of quantum systems using Baysian Inference -- Maximum Entropy techniques. The method is applicable to energy values sampled at a discrete set of temperatures from Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations. The internal energy and the specific heat of the system are easily obtained as are errorbars on these quantities. The entropy and the free energy are also obtainable. No assumptions as to the specific functional form of the energy are made. The use of a priori information, such as a sum rule on the entropy, is built into the method. As a non-trivial example of the method, we obtain the specific heat of the three-dimensional Periodic Anderson Model.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figure

    Infinite temperature limit of meson spectral functions calculated on the lattice

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    We analyze the cut-off dependence of mesonic spectral functions calculated at finite temperature on Euclidean lattices with finite temporal extent. In the infinite temperature limit we present analytic results for lattice spectral functions calculated with standard Wilson fermions as well as a truncated perfect action. We explicitly determine the influence of `Wilson doublers' on the high momentum structure of the mesonic spectral functions and show that this cut-off effect is strongly suppressed when using an improved fermion action.Comment: 25 pages, 8 figure

    Ground-State Dynamical Correlation Functions: An Approach from Density Matrix Renormalization Group Method

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    A numerical approach to ground-state dynamical correlation functions from Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) is developed. Using sum rules, moments of a dynamic correlation function can be calculated with DMRG, and with the moments the dynamic correlation function can be obtained by the maximum entropy method. We apply this method to one-dimensional spinless fermion system, which can be converted to the spin 1/2 Heisenberg model in a special case. The dynamical density-density correlation function is obtained.Comment: 11 pages, latex, 4 figure

    Magnetic and Dynamic Properties of the Hubbard Model in Infinite Dimensions

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    An essentially exact solution of the infinite dimensional Hubbard model is made possible by using a self-consistent mapping of the Hubbard model in this limit to an effective single impurity Anderson model. Solving the latter with quantum Monte Carlo procedures enables us to obtain exact results for the one and two-particle properties of the infinite dimensional Hubbard model. In particular we find antiferromagnetism and a pseudogap in the single-particle density of states for sufficiently large values of the intrasite Coulomb interaction at half filling. Both the antiferromagnetic phase and the insulating phase above the N\'eel temperature are found to be quickly suppressed on doping. The latter is replaced by a heavy electron metal with a quasiparticle mass strongly dependent on doping as soon as n<1n<1. At half filling the antiferromagnetic phase boundary agrees surprisingly well in shape and order of magnitude with results for the three dimensional Hubbard model.Comment: 32 page

    Application of the Maximum Entropy Method to the (2+1)d Four-Fermion Model

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    We investigate spectral functions extracted using the Maximum Entropy Method from correlators measured in lattice simulations of the (2+1)-dimensional four-fermion model. This model is particularly interesting because it has both a chirally broken phase with a rich spectrum of mesonic bound states and a symmetric phase where there are only resonances. In the broken phase we study the elementary fermion, pion, sigma and massive pseudoscalar meson; our results confirm the Goldstone nature of the pi and permit an estimate of the meson binding energy. We have, however, seen no signal of sigma -> pi pi decay as the chiral limit is approached. In the symmetric phase we observe a resonance of non-zero width in qualitative agreement with analytic expectations; in addition the ultra-violet behaviour of the spectral functions is consistent with the large non-perturbative anomalous dimension for fermion composite operators expected in this model.Comment: 25 pages, 13 figure

    Behavior of Charmonium Systems after Deconfinement

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    We present a study of charmonia in hot gluonic plasma, for temperatures upto three times the deconfinement transition temperature Tc. q \bar{q} systems with quark masses close to the charm mass and different spin-parity quantum numbers were studied on very fine isotropic lattices. The analysis of temporal correlators, and spectral functions constructed from them, shows that the J/psi and eta_c survive up to quite high temperatures, with little observable change up to 1.5 Tc, and then gradually weakening and disappearing by 3 Tc. For the scalar and axial vector channels, serious modifications are induced by the hot medium already close to Tc, possibly dissociating the mesons by 1.1 Tc.Comment: 18 pages, 31 eps figure

    On the spin distributions of őõ\LambdaCDM haloes

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    We used merger trees realizations, predicted by the extended Press-Schechter theory, in order to study the growth of angular momentum of dark matter haloes. Our results showed that: 1) The spin parameter őĽ‚Ä≤\lambda' resulting from the above method, is an increasing function of the present day mass of the halo. The mean value of őĽ‚Ä≤\lambda' varies from 0.0343 to 0.0484 for haloes with present day masses in the range of 109h‚ąí1M‚äô 10^9\mathrm{h}^{-1}M_{\odot} to 1014h‚ąí1M‚äô10^{14}\mathrm{h}^{-1}M_{\odot}. 2)The distribution of őĽ‚Ä≤\lambda' is close to a log-normal, but, as it is already found in the results of N-body simulations, the match is not satisfactory at the tails of the distribution. A new analytical formula that approximates the results much more satisfactorily is presented. 3) The distribution of the values of őĽ‚Ä≤\lambda' depends only weakly on the redshift. 4) The spin parameter of an halo depends on the number of recent major mergers. Specifically the spin parameter is an increasing function of this number.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figure

    Observing the First Stars and Black Holes

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    The high sensitivity of JWST will open a new window on the end of the cosmological dark ages. Small stellar clusters, with a stellar mass of several 10^6 M_sun, and low-mass black holes (BHs), with a mass of several 10^5 M_sun should be directly detectable out to redshift z=10, and individual supernovae (SNe) and gamma ray burst (GRB) afterglows are bright enough to be visible beyond this redshift. Dense primordial gas, in the process of collapsing from large scales to form protogalaxies, may also be possible to image through diffuse recombination line emission, possibly even before stars or BHs are formed. In this article, I discuss the key physical processes that are expected to have determined the sizes of the first star-clusters and black holes, and the prospect of studying these objects by direct detections with JWST and with other instruments. The direct light emitted by the very first stellar clusters and intermediate-mass black holes at z>10 will likely fall below JWST's detection threshold. However, JWST could reveal a decline at the faint-end of the high-redshift luminosity function, and thereby shed light on radiative and other feedback effects that operate at these early epochs. JWST will also have the sensitivity to detect individual SNe from beyond z=10. In a dedicated survey lasting for several weeks, thousands of SNe could be detected at z>6, with a redshift distribution extending to the formation of the very first stars at z>15. Using these SNe as tracers may be the only method to map out the earliest stages of the cosmic star-formation history. Finally, we point out that studying the earliest objects at high redshift will also offer a new window on the primordial power spectrum, on 100 times smaller scales than probed by current large-scale structure data.Comment: Invited contribution to "Astrophysics in the Next Decade: JWST and Concurrent Facilities", Astrophysics & Space Science Library, Eds. H. Thronson, A. Tielens, M. Stiavelli, Springer: Dordrecht (2008

    The PHENIX Experiment at RHIC

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    The physics emphases of the PHENIX collaboration and the design and current status of the PHENIX detector are discussed. The plan of the collaboration for making the most effective use of the available luminosity in the first years of RHIC operation is also presented.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure. Further details of the PHENIX physics program available at http://www.rhic.bnl.gov/phenix

    The Status of Lattice QCD at Finite Temperature

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    The status of lattice QCD investigations at high temperature is reviewed. After a short introduction into thermal QCD on the lattice we report on the present understanding of the phase diagram and the equation of state, in particular in presence of dynamical quarks. We continue with a discussion of various screening lengths in the plasma phase including results from dimensionally reduced QCD. This is followed by summarizing lattice data on quark number susceptibilities and spectral densities, both of which are of immediate relevance to the interpretation of heavy ion experiments. A major section is devoted to presenting simulations of QCD at small yet phenomenologically important values for the baryon density.Comment: 45 pages. Invited article for Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Scienc
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